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History of Korea
Transcript of History of Korea
By: Danielle Costa, Alex MacPherson, Mackenzie Warner, and Emily McGovern
Korea has many relations with Japan. Such as, they have been diplomatic relations between Japan and Korea since 1965. Diplomatic Relations are defined as the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states. Also, Japan Korea Treaty of 1876 stated that Meiji government, military, and business officials sought to integrate Korea, both economically and politically, into the Japanese Empire. As of 1910 Japan closed the Josean Dynasty and Korea became part of Japan. Lastly, in 1945 Korea and Japan went to war, World War II, and by the end, Korea and an independent nation. To this day Korea stays an independent nation.
Korea is a peninsula that is in the eastern hemisphere of the world, between Japan and China. By the first century B.C. three different kingdoms- the Koguryo (go-gur-yo), Paekche (bek-chyeh), and Silla (shih-lah)- were already thriving on the Korean peninsula. These three kingdoms were later unified in 932 by Wang Kon, who renamed it Koryo, which is where the name "Korea" came from.
After learning about it from the Chinese, buddhism became the main religion of Korea. For the next 200 years, art and learning prospered and confucionism became an influence on the thoughts and behaviors of Koreans.
In 1937, WW2 began in Asia with the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War. By 1939, the Japanese labor force became poor as the war in China required more and more manpower, thus Koreans began to be recruited to work in mainland Japan; later in the war, many Koreans were forced to move to Japan to work as laborers. In 1942, Japan's National Mobilization Law was extended to include its subjects in Korea. Koreans served all across the Pacific, and many of them fought for Japan with loyalty. In 1944, all Korean males who were not already working in war-related industries were required to enlist in the Japanese Army. About 22,000 of them were killed and a large number of Korean women were conscripted as comfort women who served in Japanese military brothels. By the end of the war, about 2,000,000 Koreans were living in the Japanese home islands. About 1,340,000 of them returned to Korea by 1946 and about 650,000 opted to stay in Japan.
World War II
Korea disliked how Japan was suppressing Korean culture, abducting the women of Korea, destroying famous monuments, and murdering many Koreans. Japan acted as if Korea was a non-superior play-toy instead of the independent country it was supposed to be. Since most hatred is hard to rid of, about 76.6% (according to a poll) of South Koreans dislike Japan, but only 37.3% Japanese dislike South Korea. It seems that Japan got over their feud better than the Koreans did.
Why did Korea have grievances against Japan?
History of Korea
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