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Figurative Language

Definitions and examples of the elements of figurative language
by

K B

on 14 March 2014

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Figurative Language
alliteration
onomatopoeia
hyperbole
personification
simile
metaphor
what's do you notice about the words in this clip?
did you ever think that there were that many words that began with the letter V ?
this is an example of ALLITERATION
Definition:
The use of the same consonant sound or letter at the beginning of words in a sentence or poem.
a consonant is any letter that is NOT a vowel
let's focus in with some examples of SOUND
In the following videos, pay attention to the graphic words that appear on the screen...
What did you notice about the SOUND of the words?
These were examples of ONOMATOPOEIA
Definition:
Words that recreate a sound.
In the following video, pay attention to what is different from real life...
Examples of HYPERBOLE
Definition:
Exaggerated language.
[prefix “hyper” = excessive]
An artist inspired by ONOMATOPOEIA
Definition:
A way of comparing two things by using the words LIKE and AS
UNDERLINE the examples of SIMILE
Definition:
A way of comparing two things by stating that one thing IS the other.

(Does not use the words “like” or “as”)
A metaphor can be:
A comparison of two things
A statement that one thing is the other
An indirect suggestion of a similarity
Let's look back at what Forrest said:
Stupid is AS stupid does
We was LIKE peas and carrots
I can run LIKE the wind blows
Life is LIKE a box of chocolates
Definition:
To give human qualities to non-human objects
UNDERLINE the examples of METAPHOR
"Every Day Is A Winding Road"
I hitched a ride with a vending machine repair man
He says he's been down this road more than twice
He was high on intellectualism
I've never been there but the brochure looks nice
Jump in, let's go
Lay back, enjoy the show
Everybody gets high, everybody gets low,
These are the days when anything goes
Everyday a winding road
I get a little bit closer
Everyday is a faded sign
I get a little bit closer to feeling fine
language used by writers to produce images in readers' minds and to express ideas in fresh, vivid, and imaginative ways
Figurative language is used everyday:
TV shows & commercials
Movies
Magazine advertisements
Music
Poems
How we talk to each other
Check these out
assonance
Definition:
repetition of a vowel sound
vowel letters: a:e:i:o:u:y
symbolism
watch this video about symbolism
Symbolism allows people to communicate beyond the limits of language
Definition:
A symbol is a person, place, or object that stands for something beyond itself.
National, religious, and cultural symbols have standard interpretations as well as a personal significance for each individual.
For example, the American flag symbolizes the United States of America. The personal significance, however, varies. A U.S. army veteran cherishes its meaning. A terrorist, on the other hand, finds it despicable.
Or...A green piece of paper with George Washington's picture on it symbolizes one dollar. A billionaire considers it chump change. A beggar considers it an elusive treasure.
irony
Definition:
When the words say one thing but mean another.

Ironic? As you listen to the song, see if you can identify the irony!
Full transcript