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The Role of Place Attachment and the Meaning of Home on Temporary Housing Units Following Hurricane Katrina
Transcript of The Role of Place Attachment and the Meaning of Home on Temporary Housing Units Following Hurricane Katrina
Home should meet a variety of needs, both physical and psychological (Kopec, 2006)
A home should also respond to the
In disaster relief housing, designers have the opportunity to design dwellings that support the deeper meanings of home "Develops when a level of comfort and feelings of safety are associated with a place, which for many people translates to a sense of belonging" (Kopec, 2006)
Allows individuals to connect with their environment "A person's bond with the social and physical environments of a space" (Kopec, 2006)
Place attachment can provide a sense of belonging, freedom, or both
Data indicates that sense of place and place attachment is what causes disaster victims to return home and rebuild in destroyed neighborhoods (Chamlee-Wright, 2009) The Effects of Place Attachment and Sense of Place on Disaster Relief Housing Structures Design should support sense of place through:
1. Considering psychological responses to design
2. Preserving the past of a place
3. Creating a new sense of place for future environments
(Xu, 1995) (Cross, 2001) THE HOUSING GAP 45-60 DAYS 18+ MONTHS 0 DAYS First struck Gulf Coast at 6:10am on Monday, August 29, 2005
Impacted portions of Louisiana,
Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida
Weakened to a Category 3 storm before it struck the Gulf Coast (Brown, Knabb, & Rhome, 2005) Katrina was one of the most expensive and top 5 deadliest hurricanes to hit U.S.
Inflicted around $96 billion in infrastructure and geographic damage
92,230 square miles were declared Major Disaster areas Katrina Overview Biloxi, Mississippi was described as "decimated" and "looking like a bomb hit it"
In Waveland, Mississippi, 95% of the residential and commercial structures were severely damaged.
275,000 homes were lost as a result of the hurricane (The federal response, 2006) (The federal response, 2006) Image Citations Image 5: Retrieved from http://mapsof.net/uploads/static-maps/united_states_rivers_and_lakes_map.jpg Image 2: Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/widgets/mediaViewer/image?id=1087455 Image 1: Retrieved from http://www.katrina.noaa.gov/ Image 4: Retrieved from http://thewe.cc/weplanet/news/americas/us/katrina_ninth_ward_levees_and_homeless.htm Immediate Refuge:
New Orleans Superdome An estimated 25,000 people occupied the arena
Privacy and safety were both compromised
This prolonged the traumatic event of the storm Image 7: Retrieved from http://thelasthonestman.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/superdome-katrina-2.jpg Image 6: Retrieved from http://cdn.lightgalleries.net/4bd5ebf2966e6/images/aaa121-2.jpg Temporary Homes:
FEMA Trailers FEMA Trailers were temporary housing structures that the government provided to victims while they waited to rebuild
These mobile homes were generic and unsafe
High formaldehyde levels were found in the units, causing health issues to the inhabitants Image 8: Retrieved from http://www.southernstudies.org/images/sitepieces/trailers_after_katrina.jpg Permanent Dwellings:
Katrina Cottages These permanent dwellings were built privately in response to the government issued trailers
They are affordable and reference the architecture of the area, enforcing a sense of place and community
They were founded by New Urbanists- an urban design movement that promotes walkable communities Displaced people are currently within the 0 to 45-60 day range of immediate housing
More than 369,000 individuals in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut have registered for assistance with FEMA
FEMA is looking to utilize existing rental structures for the next 18 months for victims, but needs are still being evaluated Hurricane Sandy (FEMA, 2012) Image 10: Retrieved from http://i.huffpost.com/gen/846503/thumbs/o-NY-MAG-570.jpg?4 Joan Lindsey
ID 651: Kansas State University
Fall 2012 Utilize existing structures for immediate housing
Temporary housing that supports health, safety, welfare, sense of place
Homes that support the core of the existing community and individual growth (McDaniel, 2012) Brown, D., Knabb, R., & Rhome, J. (2005, December 20). Tropical cyclone report: Hurricane Katrina. Retrieved from http://www.hurricane.com/hurricanes/hurricane-katrina/hurricane-katrina.php
Chamlee-Wright, E. (2009). There's no place like New Orleans': Sense of place and community recovery in the Ninth Ward after Hurricane Katrina. Journal of Urban Affairs, 615-634. Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1711286
Cross, J. 2001, November. What is sense of place? Paper presented at Headwaters Conference, Western State College, Gunnison, CO .
The federal response to Hurricane Katrina: Lessons learned. (2006, February 23). Retrieved from http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/reports/katrina-lessons-learned/index.html FEMA. (2012, November 11). Federal family and partners continue to support states impacted by sandy. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/news-release/federal-family-and-partners-continue-support-states-impacted-sandy-6
Kopek, D. (2006). Environmental psychology for design. New York, New York: Fairchild Publications.McDaniel, M. (2012, May).
Michael McDaniel: Cheap, effective shelter for disaster relief. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/michael_mcdaniel_cheap_effective_shelter_for_disaster_relief.html Image 9: Retrieved from http://bettercities.net/sites/default/files/imagecache/full-content-width/DSC02685.JPG Image 3: Retrieved from http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/hurricanes/katrina/photo-comparisons/images/Waveland_loc5.jpg References 0 to 45-60 Days 45-60 Days to 18+ Months 18+ Months and On