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Classification

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by

Matt Pagano

on 19 September 2013

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Transcript of Classification

Classification of Living Organisms
Taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
Swedish naturalist and explorer who was the first to frame principles for defining natural genera and species of organisms and to create a uniform system for naming them (binomial nomenclature).
Binomial Nomenclature
nomenclature, in biological classification, system of naming organisms. The species to which the organism belongs is indicated by two words, the genus and species names, which are Latinized words derived from various sources.
Taxonomy
The taxonomic organization of species is hierarchical. Each species belongs to a genus, each genus belongs to a family, and so on through order, class, phylum, and kingdom. Associations within the hierarchy reflect evolutionary relationships, which are deduced typically from similarities between species.
Example
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Aves
ORDER: Falconiformes
FAMILY: Accipitridae
GENUS: Haliaeetus (sea eagle)
SPECIES: leucocephalus (white head)
Examples
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Aves
ORDER: Sphenisciformes
FAMILY: Spheniscidae
GENUS: Eudyptes
SPECIES: chrysocome
AT WHICH LEVEL DO THESE SPECIES DIFFER?
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