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Africa and the Slave Trade AP

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Saadia Hussain

on 1 December 2016

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Transcript of Africa and the Slave Trade AP

Africa & the Slave Trade
4.8 million (45.4%)

4.7 million (44.8%)
389,000 (3.6%)
Islamic Caliphates
Sudan & Swahili States
~2 million
Men and women valued
Diffusion of Islam throughout the region
West Africa
~10 million
Mostly men to work on plantations
No real contact with inland
Domestic service - usually were not sold, earn money
Pawnship - held as collateral until debt is paid
Military slavery - prisoners of war
How was New World slavery different?
Immense size
Centrality to economy
Slaves were dehumanized property
Almost no chance at freedom
Racism - allowed to enslave because they are "less"
Not uniform!!
Why African slavery?
Needed labor to make sugar
Native population died off due to European disease
Slavic-speaking people - "original" plantation workers in the Mediterranean
Ottoman's cut off supply
Other Europeans are Christian so can not be enslaved
Skilled farmers
Not Christian
Disease immunity
Gold Coast
textiles, cowrie shells, weapons, tobacco, alcohol
Spanish Empire
487,000 (4.6%)
Dahomey v. Benin
Impacts on West Africa
Population - not devastated but slowed
Economic stagnation - no push for innovation, items traded not invested
Labor demands increased
Lack of men = polygamy
Slaves kept as show of wealth
Authoritarian government
Strict control of the slave trade (chief economy)
Strong military raided neighboring kingdoms

Banned slave trade
Traded pepper and cotton cloth for European goods
Asian competition led to some recurrence of slave trade
Slavery in Africa
West African Kingdoms
Didn't go inland because of disease & terrain
Atlantic Slave Trade
(15th-19th centuries)
Middle Passage
Route between West Africa and the Americas
Many slaves died in route
Full transcript