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Copy of Copy of DIDLS

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tami gilley

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of DIDLS

Analyzing Tone with
What is TONE?

Tone is the writer's or speaker's attitude in regard
to the subject and the audience. In Literature, there will almost always be more than one tone.
To misinterpret
tone
is to misinterpret
meaning
.

DICTION
The word choice. Is it formal, informal, academic, elevated, colloquial, vulgar, or refined? What are the words' connotations?
Example: Read the following synonyms for the word “upset.” List them in order of most intense to least intense.

angry annoyed furious displeased pissed

1. __________________________________________ most intense
2. __________________________________________
3. __________________________________________
4. __________________________________________
5. __________________________________________ least intense
How does the impact of my sentence change if I say
“she was pissed,”
as opposed to
“she was displeased"
?

The more
specific
the word, the more
vivid of a picture
you get. This applies not only to our reading, but also to your writing.
IMAGERY
Sensory writing; writing full of sights, sounds, smells, and textures that help put the reader in the text. What do these "word pictures" contribute to the text?
To what sensory experience is each of the following images appealing? What literary devices appear? What is the tone?

1. “The air, tinged with chlorine, created a calm that rippled through the guests.”

2. “It took just one clumsy clod to bring it all to a screeching halt.”


After reading these two sentences together, what shift in tone do you see?
DETAILS
Facts, the basic information, either objects or actions that are vital to a story, poem, essay, or play, miscellaneous information that contributes to the meaning as a whole.
Exercise: Watch the video and describe what you see…

1. to a friend who did not attend the wedding.

2. to a judge who is overseeing the lawsuit the bride filed against the best man.

How does your description change in each scenario? How important is diction (word choice) in conveying the details in each scenario?
LANGUAGE
Figurative language (non literal), any language that expresses something in terms of something else: similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole, irony, symbolism etc.
Example Tone Words:

patronizing (condescending) satiric (ridiculing) somber (gloomy)

Exercise
: Read the following YouTube comment and characterize the tone of it using one of the above tone words. What about the language of the passage informed your choice?

I really had no intentions of laughing but I just couldn't contain myself. What on earth was the best man thinking? His walking appeared as if he was detached from reality.
patronizing (condescending) satiric (ridiculing) somber (gloomy)
SYNTAX
Sentence structure, the way the words come at you. Is it appropriate to the audience, subject and purpose?
Exercise:

Read the following sentence constructions and discussion how the focus of each sentence shifts.
1. The bride was pushed into the pool by the best man.
2. The best man pushed the bride into the pool.
DIDLS

Homework Practice:

Read the Dave Barry selection and complete a DIDLS analysis for it.
A Lovely Quote About Syntax
“This sentence has five words. Here are five more words. Five-word sentences are fine. But several together become monotonous. Listen to what is happening. The writing is getting boring. The sound of it drones. It’s like a stuck record. The ear demands some variety.
Now listen.
I vary the sentence length, and I create music. Music. The writing sings. It has a pleasant rhythm, a lilt, a harmony. I use short sentences. And I use sentences of medium length. Sometimes, when I am certain the reader is rested, I will engage him with a sentence of considerable length, a sentence that burns with energy and builds with all the impetus of a crescendo, the roll of the drums, the crash of the cymbals–sounds that say listen to this, it is important.
PDIDLS
Point of View is very important
Point of View
- The Vantage Point from which the story is told; first person, third-person limited, third-person omniscient; second person, third person objective, and stream of consciousness.
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