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Tone Quality of Musical Instruments

Attributes of good tone and various listening samples
by

Julie Gragg

on 4 February 2015

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Transcript of Tone Quality of Musical Instruments

Tone Quality
What is tone quality of a musical instrument?
The condition of sound produced by a musical instrument.
What makes for
GOOD TONE?
Quality Instrument
Reed - Mouthpiece - Sticks/Mallets
Posture
Breath Support
(Velocity)
Embouchure
(Hand Position)
Timbre
= the characteristic sound that distinguishes one instrument from another
the
FLUTE
Vibrato
Divided Air Stream
Droopy Flute
Instrument Quality:
closed-holed vs. open holed flute
Listening Samples
Always begins with good breath support and proper tone
Should be controlled, not shaky
Takes time to develop for many, but comes naturally for some
Must be employed intelligently in order to maximize artistry
The closed hole flute is generally considered a student instrument to enable small hands to properly cover the instrument's tone holes.

More challenging to play, open hole flutes produce a louder, clearer tone quality.
The Piccolo
The Flute
the
TUBA
Breath Support
Buzzing
Lip Slurs
Instrument
Quality
Listening
Sample
the Oboe
Woodwind Family
Double Reed Family
Double Reeds
Peter & the Wolf
Listening
Sample
the Trumpet
Trumpet
vs. Cornet
The trumpet and the cornet read the same notes, play the same pitches and sound similar.
The trumpet is cylindrical (tube like).
The cornet is conical (cone like).
As old as humans? The trumpet has been around for a very long time. People have been playing trumpet-like instruments made of conch-shell, horn, wood or metal, for thousands of years.

Today's Bb trumpet is a long slender metal tube with three valves. It’s bent into a paper clip shape, but if you stretched it out, it would be 6 1/2 feet long.

The trumpet plays the highest pitches of the brass family. Its sound is bright, brilliant, and exciting. Trumpets come in a variety sizes and pitches; piccolo trumpets to cornets to mellophones.

Trumpets are used in solo, band, orchestra, jazz and sometimes rock music. There are 2-4 trumpets in an orchestra. A concert band generally includes 4 to 8 trumpet players.

You play the trumpet by holding it horizontally, buzzing into the mouthpiece, and pressing the three valves in various combinations to block or divert air down the tubes.
Trumpet 101
Mouthpieces
the CORNET
the TRUMPET
JAZZ - louis armstrong
Listening
Samples
the
Saxophone
Family
Members
Reed
Quality
Listening
Sample
Soprano Saxophone
straight & curved
Alto Saxophone
Tenor Saxophone
Baritone Saxophone
Bass Saxophone
Reed Care
the
Bassoon
Family
Members
12
Unique
Features
Peter
&
the
Wolf
Listening Sample
College Scholarships
The Grandfather
Double Reeds
Bocal
Crutch
Neckstrap
Boot/Seat Strap
Places for Thumbs
the
Trombone
Instruments
Positions
Listening
Samples
Just for
Fun!!!
7th Grade Trombonist
Professional Trombonist
Jazz/Rock Trombonist
Do not try this at home!!!
Tenor Trombone
Bass Trombone
Pbone
the
Baritone
Instrument
Clef
Listening
Sample
Baritone Horn
Euphonium
Valves and Shape (conical vs. cylindrical)
How do these differences affect tone quality?
the Baritone Horn
the Euphonium
the
Clarinet
Instrument
Family
Listening
Samples
Plastic
vs. Wood
Eb Sopranino
Bb Soprano
Eb Alto
A Clarinet
Bb Bass
Eb Contra Bass
Bb Double Contra Bass
The Many Members
of the Clarinet Family
#1 Reason to Invest in a Wood Clarinet
TONE QUALITY
Cost Factors
$449 New Bundy Clarinet (plastic)
$1,429 New Yamaha or Selmer Clarinet Intermediate (wood)
$7,380 New Buffet Clarinet Professional (wood)
Eb Sopranino Clarinet
Bb Soprano Clarinet
Bb Bass Clarinet
Eb Contrabass Clarinet
Percussion Family
Battery vs.
Keyboard
Ensemble
Uses
Listening
Samples
Keyboard, Mallet or Pitched
Percussion
Battery or Unpitched
Percussion
Ensemble Uses
Marching Bands
Concert Bands
Percussion Ensembles
Drum Corps
Jazz Band
Rock Band
Rhythm & Blues
Drumline
Percussion Ensembles
Concert Band
Jazz Band
Both Pitched &
Unpitched???
Drum Set
French Horn
Instrument Construction
Single vs. Double
Listening Examples
The Flute Family
Piccolo - C Flute - Alto Flute - Bass Flute - ContraBass Flute
Professional Miraphone $8,669.00
Intermediate Yamaha $3,579.99
Beginning Allora $2,099.99
Alto Saxophone
Tenor Saxophone
Soprano Saxophone
Baritone Saxophone

Contrabassoon
Full transcript