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Tone Quality of Musical Instruments
Transcript of Tone Quality of Musical Instruments
What is tone quality of a musical instrument?
The condition of sound produced by a musical instrument.
What makes for
Reed - Mouthpiece - Sticks/Mallets
= the characteristic sound that distinguishes one instrument from another
Divided Air Stream
closed-holed vs. open holed flute
Always begins with good breath support and proper tone
Should be controlled, not shaky
Takes time to develop for many, but comes naturally for some
Must be employed intelligently in order to maximize artistry
The closed hole flute is generally considered a student instrument to enable small hands to properly cover the instrument's tone holes.
More challenging to play, open hole flutes produce a louder, clearer tone quality.
Double Reed Family
Peter & the Wolf
The trumpet and the cornet read the same notes, play the same pitches and sound similar.
The trumpet is cylindrical (tube like).
The cornet is conical (cone like).
As old as humans? The trumpet has been around for a very long time. People have been playing trumpet-like instruments made of conch-shell, horn, wood or metal, for thousands of years.
Today's Bb trumpet is a long slender metal tube with three valves. It’s bent into a paper clip shape, but if you stretched it out, it would be 6 1/2 feet long.
The trumpet plays the highest pitches of the brass family. Its sound is bright, brilliant, and exciting. Trumpets come in a variety sizes and pitches; piccolo trumpets to cornets to mellophones.
Trumpets are used in solo, band, orchestra, jazz and sometimes rock music. There are 2-4 trumpets in an orchestra. A concert band generally includes 4 to 8 trumpet players.
You play the trumpet by holding it horizontally, buzzing into the mouthpiece, and pressing the three valves in various combinations to block or divert air down the tubes.
JAZZ - louis armstrong
straight & curved
Places for Thumbs
7th Grade Trombonist
Do not try this at home!!!
Valves and Shape (conical vs. cylindrical)
How do these differences affect tone quality?
the Baritone Horn
Eb Contra Bass
Bb Double Contra Bass
The Many Members
of the Clarinet Family
#1 Reason to Invest in a Wood Clarinet
$449 New Bundy Clarinet (plastic)
$1,429 New Yamaha or Selmer Clarinet Intermediate (wood)
$7,380 New Buffet Clarinet Professional (wood)
Eb Sopranino Clarinet
Bb Soprano Clarinet
Bb Bass Clarinet
Eb Contrabass Clarinet
Keyboard, Mallet or Pitched
Battery or Unpitched
Rhythm & Blues
Both Pitched &
Single vs. Double
The Flute Family
Piccolo - C Flute - Alto Flute - Bass Flute - ContraBass Flute
Professional Miraphone $8,669.00
Intermediate Yamaha $3,579.99
Beginning Allora $2,099.99