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What is the Real Impact of Imperialism in Rwanda?

By: Daniella, Joanne, Amara, Jonah & Micah
by

Micah Cawthorne

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of What is the Real Impact of Imperialism in Rwanda?

Rwanda and It's Path through Imperialism Rwanda Motivation for Colonization and It's Political Impact Who Were The Colonizers? How Did They Colonize? When Did The Colonizers Use Direct or Indirect Rule? Belgian Colonizers Cultural/ Economical Impact Independence Movement Bibliography Works Cited
"Africa: Belgian Colonies." Encyclopedia of Race and Racism. Ed. John Hartwell Moore. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 18-22. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2013.
"Rwanda, Genocide, Hutu, Tutsi, Mass Execution, Ethnic Cleansing, Massacre, Human Rights, Victim Remembrance, Education, Africa." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2013.
"Rwanda Profile." BBC News. BBC, 30 Oct. 2012. Web. 03 Jan. 2013.
"Rwanda: The Truth." Rwanda The Truth RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2013.
"Rwanda." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 01 Feb. 2013. Web. 03 Jan. 2013.
"Rwanda : Rwanda under German and Belgian Control." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013.
Pictures:
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=viewer+discretion+is+advised&um=1&hl=en&safe=strict&client=safari&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1024&bih=734&tbm=isch&tbnid=o-Cc3ghriJe-wM:&imgrefurl=http://www.examiner.com/slideshow/warning-viewer-discretion-is-advised-when-reading-this-article&docid=lCssneUWxOWYRM&imgurl=http://cdn2-b.examiner.com/sites/default/files/styles/image_full_width_scaled/hash/47/c7/47c77853ec09b1aa41539fedf884a15f.jpg&w=430&h=333&ei=O-PqULTSJeLZ0QHAzIDIDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=4&vpy=130&dur=887&hovh=198&hovw=255&tx=134&ty=115&sig=116809225939051099358&page=1&tbnh=149&tbnw=193&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:86
http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/710000/images/_714025_rwanda_refugee300.jpg
http://nikozitambirwa.tripod.com/AMAFOTO/Kayibanda.jpg
http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/rwafrica.gif
http://www.ezilon.com/maps/images/africa/political-map-of-Rwanda.gif Took control of government.
Hutu people lost all rights
Eliminated the chief
Educated Tutsi people which brought the two tribes further apart
Preached Catholicism to the Tutsi society
Allowed them to get jobs, this separated the two tribes because they no longer had the same culture.
Had identity cards to identify which tribe you were in Belgian 1916 What was the Impact of the Style of Imperialism Used The imperialism was extremely violent. After the Belgians left, the Hutu people dominated and began massacring the Tutsi society. Without efforts to set up planned attacks, this often resulted in corrupt military regimes in control of power. The Belgians left no resources for the country itself to use for its own economy. Despite the people's resistance, many were killed. They used direct rule because the territory was settled and ruled by people from another land. When did the colonized peoples achieve independence? Who led the independence movement? How did the colonized peoples achieve independence? What were the obstacles that needed to be overcome? Who took power after decolonization, and how so? What kind of government was created? 1957 - Hutus issue manifesto calling for a change in Rwanda's power structure to give them a voice commensurate with their numbers; Hutu political parties formed.

1959 - Tutsi King Kigeri V, together with tens of thousands of Tutsis, forced into exile in Uganda following inter-ethnic violence.

1961 - Rwanda proclaimed a republic.

*1962 - Rwanda becomes independent with a Hutu, Gregoire Kayibanda (to the right), as president; many Tutsi people leave the country.

1963 - Some 20,000 Tutsis killed following an incursion by Tutsi rebels based in Burundi.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14093322 Legacy Germany lost power of Rwanda in World War One to Belgium. In the late 1950’s during the time of decolonization, tensions increased in Rwanda. Tutsi domination and the sharpening of ethnic tensions rose. By 1962, when Rwanda gained independence, 120,000 people, primarily Tutsis, had taken refuge in neighboring states to escape the violence which had accompanied the gradual coming into power of the Hutu community.

http://www.un.org/en/preventgenocide/rwanda/education/rwandagenocide.shtml In November 1959, a peasant revolt began and it eventually turned itself into an organized political movement aimed at the overthrow of the monarchy and the vesting of full political power in Hutu hands. Under the leadership of Grégoire Kayibanda, Rwanda’s first president, the Party for Hutu Emancipation developed as the spark of the revolution. How successful after post-de-colonisation? Elite classes made/destroyed? Long term impact? How much (in)stability is there? Compare to other nations? How much of this instability can be blamed on imperialism? Modern law enforcement: Max. of 1 policeman per 1000 people, currently around 1 officer per 5309 people. Police abuse human rights, mostly suspects of the 1994 genocide/massacre. -Rwanda is 166/187 in countries.
-Human development in Rwanda is currently just above half of human development of the world.
-Rwanda’s average life expectancy is 55.4 years old.
-Education of an adult is around 3.3 years, yearly income is 1,133 dollars, and the percent of people living BELOW 1.25 a day is at 76.8%.
-111 in every 1000 children die before the age of 5, or around 11 percent. Around 30% of the people above the age of 15 are not literate.

Colonized people achieved independence in 1962.
Independence movement was led by Gregoire Kayibanda.
Germany lost possession of Rwanda to Belgium during the First World War.
Belgium separated the Hutu and Tutsi because they thought this was furthering what the tribes started.
Tutsi was more like Belgium so Belgium brought them up. A class system was created between Tutsi and Hutu.
The Hutu was now the oppressed.
A violent incident was sparked and many Tutsi was killed and forced to live in nearby countries.
This was the “Hutu Peasant Revolution”
Rwanda gained its independence a year later; 1962.
Gregoire Kayibanda took power after decolonization. He became the country’s president.
Many tutsis left the country. A democratic republic government was created. What is the Real Impact of Imperialism
in Rwanda? By: Daniella What was the Impact of Imperialism on each of the following? What did the Colony have that was attractive? -high elevation
-dominated by mountains
-near many water sources
-few natural resources
-economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture
-food production does not keep up with the population-get food imports
-grow coffee, tea, pyrethrum, bananas, beans, sorghum and potatoes in the country
-shortage of land and water
-near equator
-landlocked
-temperate tropical highland climate by: Amara Genocide of 1994: Around 100 days, over 500,000 people were killed, according to “Human Rights Watch.” Death toll ranged from 500,000~1,000,000, around 20% of the population (1/5 killed).
This started with Assassination of Political leaders, then spread everywhere. No one tried to help Rwanda. Jonah Samuels America Rwanda Summary by: Joanne + Micah Education:
-Few people were offered an education, only the upper class-Low literacy rates-In 1975, President Habyarimana began the National Revolutionary Movement for Development to help promote peace, unity, and national development. Language:The people who belonged to Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa, mainly spoke the same language. They also shared the same culture, ate similar foods, and practiced the same religion. Religion:
-The favored minority would be focused on
-The Tutsi were used to rule Rwanda but when rwanda gained independence they lost their power
-racismled to ethnic clashes
-conflict between the Tutsis and Hutus
-during the belgian colonial administration They favored certain ethnic groups, especially the ones that would allow them to continue to colonize and plunder the rich natural resources of the Congo.
-conflicting measures brought anarchy and led to the creation of extreme groups—from both the majority Hutus and the minority Tutsis—wanting to protect the interests of their respective peoples. Food: Raw materials such as beans, potatoes, tea and coffee from colonies boosted the European economies and added to their power and influence. (Belgium to Rwanda)
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