Transcript of Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson Childhood Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born January 31,1919 in Cairo Georgia. Youngest of five children he was raised in Pasadena California. His parent were Jerry and Mallie Robinson who were sharecroppers. He lived in neighborhood were his white neighbors tried to drive them out of there home. Education Robinson was an outstanding athlete at the at Pasadena Junior College but later transferred to the University of California at Los Angeles in 1940. Here he was know as the " Jim Thorpe of his race"(nations all- around best athlete). He was an all american football player, leading scorer in basketball and record jumping broad-jumper in addition to being good at baseball.. Jackie and his Family Adult life Robinson was drafted into the army in the spring of 1942. While he was in the army he fought for improved conditions for blacks at Camp Riley in Kansas.He was discharged in 1944 Baseball Career Robinson singed with the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League. Several months later a man named Branch Ricky of the Brooklyn Dodgers gave Robinson the opportunity to become the first black baseball player in the Major League since 1890. In 1946 he joined the Montreal Royals of the international league. In his first game he had 4 hits three of which were home runs. He lead the league with a .349 batting average. In 1947 he went to the Brooklyn Dodgers were in the first few months he received death threats and rumors of strikes. Achievements In his rookie year he batted .297 and won the rookie of the year award(now known as the Jackie Robinson Award). In 1949 he batted .342 and won the National League MVP award. During his 10 years with the dodgers he led his team to six pennants and a World championship. Robinson had compile a life time batting average of .311 and was elected to the baseball hall of fame on the first ballot in 1961. After his career IN 1956 Robinson retired. He became a symbol and spokesperson for the postwar integration crusade both with baseball and broader society. He also pressed for baseball to desegregate more rapidly and to remove discriminatory barriers in Florida training camps and cities like St. Louis and Cincinnati. He also demanded opportunities for black players to become coaches, managers and front office personnel. After his retirement he continued to voice his opinion as a speaker of a newspaper columnist. He became an investor in the Chock full "o"nuts restaurant chain. He later helped develop Harlems Freedom National Bank and the Jackie Robinson Construction Company. In 1956 he was appointed special assistant for community affairs. He later died of a heart attack in 1972. In 1997 Major League baseball retired 42 from every team to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson breaking the color barrier. Works Cited Tygiel, Jules. "Jackie Robinson." Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Gale, 2006. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. "Jackie Robinson, known far and wide as the man who broke Major League Baseball's color barrier." African American Almanac. Ed. Brigham Narins. 10th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. Jackie jumping as quarterback. 1939. 23 Nov. 2008Full transcript
<http://lh4.ggpht.com/_bQ-9YGBlBzs/R8- bAmaSdTI/AAAAAAAAAHk/zb3qqx32NYo/jrobucla.jpg> Jackie Robinson (age 6, second from left) poses with mother, Mallie, and (l-r); brothers
Mack, Edgar, and Frank, and sister Willa Mae. 1925. 23 Nov. 2008
<http://www.congressionalgoldmedal.com/images/JackieRobinsonAge6.jpg> "Jackie Robinson, the first African American allowed to play major league baseball, holds his Hall of..." African American Almanac. Ed. Brigham Narins. 10th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 26 Nov. 2012.