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Raveesh Hasani

on 3 May 2010

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Transcript of Cuba

Communist Cuba and the Cuban Missile Crisis Fidel Castro Cuban Missile Crisis (cont'd) Resolution of Cuban Missile Crisis left Castro dependent on Soviets.
In repayment of support, Castro backed Communist revolutions in Latin America/Africa
Soviet aid to Cuba ended with disbanding of Soviet Union in 1991; Cuban economy crippled, yet Castro refused to give up power/adopt economic reforms. Civil War In Nicaragua U.S funded Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastosio Somaza and
family since 1933.
In 1979, Communist Sandinista rebels topples Somaza's son.
Both U.S and Soviet Union gave aid to Sandinistas and their leader, Daniel Ortega
Sandinistas instead gave help to Marxist rebels in El Salvador.
To help El Salvador fight rebels, U.S supported Nicaraguan anti-Communism forces. Civil War in Nicaragua (cont'd) Civil war in Nicaragua lasted for more than 10 years and weakened economy
President Ortega agreed to hold free elections, the first in nation's history.
Violeta Chamorro defeated him
Sandinistas were defeated in elections in 1996 and 2001 Kennedy Assassination Friday, November 22, 1963
Dealy Plaza, Dallas, Texas
Assassin was Lee Harvey Oswald; murdered before trial
Kennedy passing through plaza in a motorcade, when shot at with his wife. Several others were wounded.
Fidel Castro Cuba ruled by Fulgencio Batista in 1950's
Batista had U.S support
Fidel Castro, a young lawyer, led revolution
to overthrow Batista
Praised at first;however, Castro was a harsh
dictator (suspended elections, jailed/killed
opponents, tightly controlled press, etc.)
Cuban Missile Crisis Failed invasion convinced Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev that U.S wouldn't resist Soviet expansion
in Latin America
Krushchev built 42 missile sites in Cuba in July 1962
U.S found sites; Kennedy demanded removal of sites seeing them as a threat; also announced naval blockade of Cuba
Castro denied involvement in Cold War, but were in fact deeply involved.
People feared nuclear war; Khrushchev removed missiles in return for American promise of not invading Cuba.

Fidel Castro (cont'd) Castro invaded U.s-owned sugar mills/refineries
after nationalizing Cuban economy.
Eisenhower ordered embargo on all trade with Cuba
Castro turned to Soviets for economic/military aid
In April 1961, CIA invaded Cuba under Eisenhower's command, but were easily defeated, humiliating the U.S Fulgencio Batista Dwight D. Eisenhower Nikita Khrushchev Fidel Castro Anastosio Somaza Violeta Chamorro Summary Cuba's old ruler was overthrown by Fidel Castro, who wasn't much better himself
Soviets built missile sites in Cuba, but were soon removed
Cuba recieved Soviet aid, until the Soviet Union disbanded
There was a civil war in Nicaragua
Ortega held free elections for the first time in Nicaraguan history. Raveesh Hasani & Ryan Thayer
P.5 Sources
Full transcript