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Capstone Project

A look at the speech implications involved with Multiple Sclerosis.

Brittany Moore

on 28 March 2011

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Transcript of Capstone Project

Speech Implications Associated with Multiple Sclerosis What is Multiple Sclerosis? Autoimmune disease
(most commonly accpeted) the body's immune system begins to attack its own cells MS particularly attacks the Central Nervous System causes destruction of the myelin interrupts normal flow of nerve signals/impulses causes inflamation and scarring
can occur in any area of the body Quotes from Real Multiple Sclerosis Patients "I kept slurring my words. My boss didn't say anything
at the time but it was obvious she thought I was on something." "Often what comes out of my mouth is the opposited of what I intend saying. For example I will say 'tomorrow' instead of 'yesterday.' This totally confuses people and embarasses me because I'm sure people must think i'm totally dotty." "Apparently when I get tired I repeat th same word although I'm not aware of it. The frustration sometimes of trying to get the word out drives me nuts." What happens to speech
with Multiple Sclerosis? SYMPTOMS slurred speech low volume or weak speech imprecise or slow speech pitch and resonance difficulties nasality long pauses dysarthria dysphasia 41%-51% of MS patients have speech related problems CAUSES area of damaged nerves is one normally aiding in speech locating damage is difficult due to the many possible areas it could be in speech symptoms can range from mild to severe and can also include problems with swallowing. A recent study suggests a strong correlation between dysarthria and cognitive-linguistic deficit in people with cronic progressive MS. What can be done? Speech Language Pathologists therapy sessions improve speech patterns enunciation general oral communication Devices alphabet cards hand held commmunicators eyeblink responding computers "The only way to live with this
affliction is to repeat yourself until
you get it right, pretend you don't
sound funny, or laugh. I suggest the
last cure, as it always works for me."
-Lorna Moorhead Cause remains a mystery Pathogens Genetics usually MS is attributed to: swallowing (evaluation and suggestions)
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