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Trench Warfare

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by

Michele Goostree

on 26 February 2016

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Transcript of Trench Warfare

Facts About Trench Warfare
By the end of 1914, nearly 6,250 miles trenches constructed in Europe.
Front-line trench
- used for firing/attacking.
- 50 yards to a mile from enemy FL trench
Support Trench
-Several hundred yards behind FL trench
-Men and supplies assist those in FL trench
-Sometimes referred to as "secondary trench"
Reserve Trench
-Several hundred yards behind support trench
-Men and supplies available in emergencies
4 Types of Trenches
Communication Trench
-Allowed movement of messages, supplies, and men among the trenches
-Some underground connected trenches to each other.
A single pair of rats could produce up to 880 offspring a year.
By the war's end, each side had dug at least 12,000 miles of trenches.
Soldiers often depended on impure water collected from shell-holes, which caused dysentery.
Extra Credit Opportunity
Create your own trench!
Due Friday, March 11.

During the winter of 1914-1915, the British Army treated 20,000 soldiers for trench foot.



Source: The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century. pbs.org
A lit candle was an effective way of removing lice, but the skill of burning the lice without setting yourself on fire was difficult to learn.
A total of 3,894 men in the British Army were convicted of self-inflicted wounds. A firing-squad offense. None were executed, but all served prison time.
"Fun Facts"
Effect of Trench Warfare on Soldiers: Shell shock
Physical?
~Hidden damage from shock waves
~Cerebral lesions
~Poisoning from gas
Psychological?
Emotional response to horrors of war
Long term effects: a generation of damaged men
from "The Lost Battalion"
"In Flanders Fields"
by Lt. Col. John McCrae
Full transcript