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Introd to linguistic Sciences: Word formation processes

(UNIT 3) chapter 6
by

Inmaculada Pineda

on 12 August 2013

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Transcript of Introd to linguistic Sciences: Word formation processes

Introduction to Linguistic Sciences
Unit 4 Morphology: Word formation processes
What is a word?
Morphology
Inmaculada Pineda, PhD
Thank you!
Word trees
friendship


friend ship
quickly


quick ly
grievance


grie(f) ance
adj

v able

v
grade
de
n

v ation


Synthetic languages:
Inflectional affixation
Word order = flexible
Agglutinative language
combination of bound morphemes with distinct meaning
Fusional language
morphemes have more than one meaning fused into one affix
Analytic languages
grammatical info. conveyed by word order and particles
Word Formation Processes
Slang
jargon
dialect
register
taboo words
new words
metrosexual
pentomaniac
sauna
Kiwi
Coinage
Compounding
Eponyms
1.- Can you identify the word formation process involved in producing each of these words? Briefly describe each process

Gangster Velcro Sauna Math Earphone rsvp
Electrocute Subconscious Espresso (coffee)
Seesaw To emote motocross
Workaholic To butter ASAP

2.- Find the neologisms in Nelly's song
Identify any slang or taboo words too.
Exercises
backformation
derivation
borrowing
acronyms
clipping
blending
Conversion
googol
Hoover
ad
to e-mail
transformation
steamboat
Phobar
smog
pure
to edit
N
N ship
Advb
Adj ly
N
N ance
re V
organize
friend
Grief
quick
Full transcript