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Active vs. Passive Voice Verbs
Transcript of Active vs. Passive Voice Verbs
What's the Difference? Can anyone explain the difference before we begin? Sample Sentences 1. I ate all of the brownies.
2. All of the brownies were eaten by me. Every sentence has an actor or subject, which is the person or thing that performs the action named by the verb.
Every sentence has a verb (action word). It needs an actor (subject) to perform it. 1. I ate the salad. (Subject) (Verb) (The Object) How to Form the Passive Voice,
or How the Passive Voice is Formed The Object: this is the part of the sentence that receives the action of the verb. In this case, it is "the salad." To form the passive voice, the subject and the object switch places in the sentence. In the passive voice, the subject now receives the action of the verb rather than performs it. Can someone translate the previous sentence? 2. The salad was eaten by me. What's happened to the sentence?
What's changed? Let's try another. 1. The Professor teaches the class. (active or passive?) How would you change it to the other voice? 2. The class is taught by the Professor. Why Is It Called the Passive Voice? Because the subject of the sentence no longer acts.
The subject is passive and receives the action of the verb.
The thing acted upon becomes the main focus of the sentence. All passive-voice constructions follow a pattern. The verb changes from a single word to a verb phrase. to be (am, is, are, was, were, will be) + past participle Don't let these grammatical terms frighten you; you know what these things are already. For example: fill in the blank with the past participle. 1. The student is ___ (to catch) cheating. 2. The soldiers are ___ (to train) to fight. 3. The house was ___ (to purchase) in record time. Let's try translating these sentences from the
active to the passive voice. I need three volunteers. 1. I take the picture. 2. He wrote the essay. 3. She flies the plane. Why can the passive voice be a problem in your writing? An overuse of the passive voice creates problems in your writing. When to use the passive voice. 1. When you want to emphasize the object or the recipient of the action of the verb: "The graduation ceremony was held at 1pm." 2. When the performer of the action is not known: "The package was left at the doorstep last night." For example, politicians love the passive voice because it allows them to disconnect themselves from their actions. It allows them to avoid taking responsibility because the passive voice does not require you to name the actor of the verb. In the passive voice, verb phrases consist of the following: For example:
1. "Taxes will be raised." (who will raise taxes?)
2. "Protesters were mistreated." (who mistreated the protesters?)
3. "To save money, hospitals will be closed." (no one is taking responsibility for closing the hospitals in this sentence) Activity The passive voice adds additional, unnecessary words.
The passive voice separates the actor from his/her action. You can now ask any questions that you have, or any questions that you have can now be asked by you. Notice that in all of these sentences, we've left out the actor. That's o.k., but we'll discuss problems with this in a minute. Learning Objectives: 1. Understand the difference between
passive- and active-voiced verbs;
2. Identify instances of both;
3. Create both passive- and active-voiced
4. Analyze situations in which you'd use
one over the other.