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Theories of emotion

Here are some pictures that accurately show the process of emotional response in the various theories.

Jr Reyes

on 13 March 2011

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Transcript of Theories of emotion

Here we can observe emotion as theorized by James- Lange.

1. There is autonomic arousal such as elevated heart rate (pulse quickens), shortness of breath, and blushing of cheeks.

2. Conscious feeling, of love or enamor. Boy attracked to moose in some sort of odd, repressed, deviant sexual arousal.

The feeling of emotion resulted after the bodily response. Event James-Lange Theory
orPeripheral Theory "I feel love
because my
pulse quickens" Arousal Emotion Love Theroies OF EMOTION! by Jr Reyes Cannon-Bard Theory Event Arousal Emotion Here we can observe emotion as theorized by Cannon-Bard.

The feeling of emotion is paired with bodily response. In this case a young male feeding another young male inapropriately at a nice restaurant.

Yet before emotions evolve from this act the brain and specifically the limbic system must decipher what is actually happening.

His cheeks flush and his body temperature raises which comes along with a feeling of nervous, slightly embarrased happiness. Schachter-Singer Two-Factor "I label my spiked heart rate
because I appraise the situation
as exciting" Event Arousal Reasoning Emotion Here we have a little boy who is about to recieve quite the surprise for his birthday. The stimulus of course being two brand new Gerbils. He under goes quick autonomic arousal which ranged from increased heart rate, flushing of cheeks, shortness of breath, dialated pupils due to extacy. Then he appraised the situation, thinking it over rather quickly his emotional state concluded to be surprise. There are different theories of emotion to explain what emotions are and how they operate. This is challenging, since emotions can be analyzed from many different perspectives. In one sense, emotions are sophisticated and subtle, the epitome of what make us human. In another sense, however, human emotions seem to be very similar to (if not the same as) the responses that other animals display. Further, the emotions that we have and how we express them reflect our social environment, but it also seems likely that emotions were shaped by natural selection over time. These and other conflicting features of the emotions make constructing a theory difficult and have led to the creation of a variety of different theories.
A feeling? A state of mind? thoughts? Psycological arousal? Behavior? What is? Psycological arousal?
The mainstream definition of emotion
refers to a feeling state involving
thoughts, physiological
changes, and an outward
expression or behavior.
The thought?
The physiological arousal?
The behavior?
The James-Lange Theory or Peripheral Theory The James-Lange theory of emotion argues that an event causes physiological arousal first and then we interpret this arousal.  Only after our interpretation of the arousal can we experience emotion.  If the arousal is not noticed or is not given any thought, then we will not experience any emotion based on this event.
The Cannon-Bard theory argues that we experience physiological arousal and emotional at the same time, but gives no attention to the role of thoughts or outward behavior.  
According to this theory, an event causes physiological arousal first.  You must then identify a reason for this arousal and then you are able to experience and label the emotion.
According to this theory, an event causes physiological arousal first.  You must then identify a reason for this arousal and then you are able to experience and label the emotion.
The Lazarus Theory or Cognitive Appraisal Theory When a colleague gets promoted, I might feel resentful if I think I deserve the promotion more than they do. "Being inapropriate in restaurants makes my body temperature warm and feel nervous happiness" Interpretation
But what comes first? Lazarus Theory states that a thought must come before any emotion or physiological arousal.  In other words, you must first think about your situation before you can experience an emotion.
Event Thought
Arousal Affective neuroscience Approach Emotions are thought to be related to activity in brain areas that direct our attention, motivate our behavior, and determine the significance of what is going on around us. Emotion is related to a group of structures in the center of the brain called the limbic system, which includes the hypothalamus, cingulate cortex, hippocampi, and other structures. Research has shown that limbic structures are directly related to emotion, but non-limbic structures have been found to be of greater emotional relevance.
Facial Feedback Theory According to the facial feedback theory, emotion is the experience of changes in our facial muscles. In other words, when we smile, we then experience pleasure, or happiness. When we frown, we then experience sadness. it is the changes in our facial muscles that cue our brains and provide the basis of our emotions. Just as there are an unlimited number of muscle configurations in our face, so to are there a seemingly unlimited number of emotions. Event Facial Changes Emotion
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