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Historical psychology: Sigmund Freud

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H M

on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of Historical psychology: Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic perspective
Conscious
Ego
Caught between the demands of the
biological

id
needs and wants and the
super-ego
cries for
moral control
and servitude. Reality!
Superego
Keeps us on the straight and narrow
Id
id is based on our
pleasure principle
.
wants whatever
feels good
at the time, with no consideration for the
reality
of the situation.
The mind is constituted by the conscious - what one can actually focus attention on and remember clearly, our sense of reality
The Preconscious
The dynamic preconscious is the band of semi-consciousness
Sometimes is clear and conscious
Other times unclear and unconscious.
Dialectical tensions are at the center of this model:

According to Freud, we only have two drives;
sex
and
aggression
.
Eros

&
Thanatos
(
life
&
death
)
Sex, also called Eros or the Life force, represents our drive to live, prosper, and produce offspring
Aggression, also called Thanatos or the Death force, represents our need to stay alive and stave off threats to our existence, our power, and our prosperity.

the
Social / Moral

and the
Biological
aspects of human being

Unconcious
Negotiates with the id, pleases the superego
The seat of our impulses
The Superego is the
moral
part of us and develops due to the moral and ethical restraints placed on us by our caregivers.
Many equate the superego with the conscience as it dictates our belief of
right and wrong.
The ego is based on the
reality principle
.
ego's job was to satisfy the
id's impulses
, not offend the
moralistic character of the superego
, while still taking into consideration the
reality
of the situation.
Freud believed that the majority of what we experience in our lives, the underlying emotions, beliefs, feelings, and impulses are not available to us at a conscious level.

Freud believed that most of what drives us is buried in our unconscious
Ego, Superego, Id
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/freudian-defense-mechanisms.html#lesson
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