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Tree of Knowledge 1.0

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Aaron Powner

on 29 August 2016

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Transcript of Tree of Knowledge 1.0

Tree of Knowledge
by Aaron Powner, M.Ed.
"Knowledge is power."
--Francis Bacon
ACADEMICS
SCIENCES
HUMANITIES
Philosophy of Science
Science is only one of many ways of knowing, but it is a powerful one that has heavily influenced what it means to be human in today’s world. A favorite metaphor I use in science education is the jig-saw puzzle. Each scientific concept is like a single piece of the whole puzzle. Science can produce a big picture view of life, the universe, and everything in it. Students must put the puzzle pieces (concepts) together to make meaning of it all – to see the big picture. Humanity still lacks many of the puzzle pieces, but with each new discovery we gain a deeper understanding of nature and life. Such understanding can equip young people to step into the very big, very real world and cope with its very real demands. More than this, science education broadens the horizons of one’s mind to allow greater appreciation of the complexities, challenges, and awesome beauty of our existence.
Natural Sciences
These approaches to knowledge attempt to explain or predict nature's phenomena. Natural sciences are divided into two domains: physical science and life science. These disciplines are often called "hard science" while social sciences are usually described as "soft." This is based on perceptions of differences in rigor of evidence and methods.
Life Science
Physical Sciences
Ecology & Environment
Cell Biology
Genetics & Inheritance
History of Biological Diversity
Bacteria, Viruses, Protists, & Fungi
Plants
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
The Human Body
Big Ideas:
The study of living organisms is broadly called biology. There are many disciplines within this field.
The study of the universe around us and the matter and energy from which it is made.
Origin, periodic nature, and structure of matter
Energy absorption and emission
Molecules
Chemical Reactions
Solutions
Big Ideas:
Mechanics
Energy
Waves and Light
Electricity and Magnetism
Subatomic Physics
Big Ideas:
Earth & the Solar System
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Geosphere
Biosphere
Cycling of Matter & Energy
Geologic Time
Resources and Environment
Formal Sciences
Social Sciences
Big Ideas:
Truth vs Knowledge
Laboratory Practices
Metric System
Required Assumptions
Languages of Science
Degrees of Certainty
Scientific & Engineering Methods
Crosscutting Concepts
STEM and Society
Disciplines concerned with formation of knowledge, including: logic, mathematics, statistics, theoretical computer science, information theory, game theory, systems theory, decision theory, and portions of linguistics.
For more information, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formal_science
Disciplines concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society, including: anthropology, communications, economics, education, geography, history, law, linguistics, political science, religious studies, psychology, sociology, and philosophy.
For more information, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_science
Classics
Classics, in the Western academic tradition, refer to cultures of classical antiquity, namely Ancient Greek and Latin and the Ancient Greek and Roman cultures. The study of Classics is considered one of the cornerstones of the humanities; however, its popularity declined during the 20th century. Nevertheless, the influence of classical ideas in many humanities disciplines, such as philosophy and literature, remains strong; for example, the Gilgamesh Epic from Mesopotamia, the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the Vedas and Upanishads in India and various writings attributed to Confucius, Laozi and Zhuangzi in China.
History
Systematic study of the record of past humans, societies, institutions, and any topic that changes over time
Languages
Much debate has been devoted to the analysis of language and to the question of whether many of our philosophical confusions derive from the vocabulary we use. It seems that culture and history not only influence language development, but development of language influences culture and history.
Law
Defined as a "system of rules", as an "interpretive concept" to achieve justice, as an "authority" to mediate people's interests, and even as "the command of a sovereign, backed by the threat of a sanction"
Literature
Writings can be classified according to whether they are fiction or non-fiction, poetry or prose, and by forms such as the novel, short story, or drama. Works are also categorized by historical period or genre. Written language has played a major role in the development of cultures and societies throughout recorded history.
Performing Arts
Music, theater, and dance are as much educational tools as they are forms of entertainment. These strongly influence and accurately represent cultures and societies.
Philosophy
The word means "love of wisdom." Who doesn't love a good argument? Philosophy is generally concerned with big ideas such as existence, knowledge, justification, truth, justice, ethics, beauty, mind, and linguistics. Philosophy is a critical, systematic approach that relies on reason and argument, rather than experiments.
Religion
Organized collections of beliefs, cultural systems, practices, and world views that relate to the purpose of existence. Many religions have narratives, symbols, and sacred histories that are intended to explain the meaning of life and the origin of the universe.

Major religious groups include: Abrahamic (Jewish, Christian, and Islamic), Iranian, Indian, African Traditional, Indigenous/Folk, and New Age.
Visual Arts
Drawing, painting, and film are equally related to cultures and societies as performing arts.
Critical Reading Skills
Reading is more than entertainment; it is an effective way to learn. Desirable reading skills include:
Determining the meaning of words
Understanding the Author's Craft
Reasoning and Inference
Organization and Ideas
Understanding Literary Elements
Mathematics
Math is a formal language, useful in solving problems and communicating meaning. Basic mathematical skills include:
Number and Operations
Algebra and Functions
Geometry and Measurement
Data, Statistics and Probability
Problem Solving
Representations
Reasoning
Connections
Communication
Writing Skills
A primary means to record and communicate human knowledge. Necessary skills include:
Managing word choices and grammatical relationships between words
Managing grammatical structures used to modify or compare
Managing phrases and clauses in a sentence
Recognizing correctly formed sentences
Managing order and relationships of sentences and paragraphs
Big Ideas:
Ancient Astronomy
Modern Astronomy
Exploring Space
Sun-Earth-Moon System
Stars and Galaxies
Cosmology
Predator-Prey Populations
Math helps scientists find meaningful patterns in measurements.
Graphical Analysis of Field Data
We Exist Together:
The only thing that makes the vast emptiness of the unknown bearable is that we have each other... For better or worse, all beings have each other. Strangely, humans have an instinctual desire to prove themselves better than others... to be more right, more athletic, wealthier, more attractive, or to possess more meaning... all of it nonsense.
Big Ideas From Social Sciences
Discovering Our Humanity:
Whether it was by design or not, there seems to be no greater satisfaction than to recognize and appreciate the glory of every being, every aspect of existence... and then to find a way to be a part of it all, great or small, enlightened or otherwise. Kindness, compassion, gentle and careful participation in all existence around us, seeing the full spectrum of beauty and filth, joy and sorrow, confronting our terrifying potential for apathy, encountering our limits and striving to adapt... all these are opportunities to grow or to retreat.
Big Ideas From Social Sciences
We Seek Purpose:
The ebb and flow of our individual and collective existence does not always seem to have a direction or a purpose. Still, we have some choice in these things. Sometimes we do the choosing and sometimes choices are made for us and we are left to rage, accept, wither, defy, or make peace with consequences that are too often beyond our control.
Big Ideas From Social Sciences
We Keep Moving:
Again, all beings have each other. Make of this what we might, it is unavoidable while consciousness persists. Belief or doubt play no role in this simple principle... we make of our existence whatever we choose, for better or worse. I admire and hope to emulate individuals who seem to cope, to accept, to move forward even after disappointments, horrors, and wounds which never quite heal.
Big Ideas From Social Sciences
We Can Build Peace:
We all feel weak sometimes, or disgusted. My hope and my efforts are directed by the stubborn belief that we can take turns being strong for one another. I treasure the moments in which I have been at peace with some few others, and cherish those times when I have chosen to be quietly helpful. I crave more of the same. Kindness is the only fixed point to which I hope to cling. It is the only religion that is truly my own.
Big Ideas From Social Sciences
"The first language of science is MATH."
We Have Potential:
Big Ideas From Social Sciences
As individuals, as a species...
What have we been?
What are we now?
What can we become?
"With realization of one's own potential and self-confidence in one's ability, one can build a better world." --Dalai Lama
“Unless you try to do something beyond what you have already mastered, you will never grow.” -- Ralph Waldo Emerson
“The important thing is this: to be ready at any moment to sacrifice what you are for what you could become.” --Charles Dickens
"All labor that uplifts humanity has dignity and importance and should be undertaken with painstaking excellence." --Martin Luther King, Jr.
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