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Same-Sex Marriage in America

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by

Yodit Gebretsadik

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of Same-Sex Marriage in America

Vagueness in language arises when certain terms have no concrete definition. Usually, these are abstract ideas, such as "rights," "love," "freedom," etc. Euphemisms and loaded language also distort meaning and sway opinions. Therefore, when abstract ideas are addressed through language, the turns of phrase used to express them alter how people understand their meaning.
Real Life Situation
The U.S. federal and state governments are currently dealing with the same-sex marriage debate.
Knowledge Claim
Faith can be defined as complete confidence in a proposal based on something other than physical proof. People with different faiths accept different truths about morality and ways of living. Since ethics depend on personal moral principles, one's sense of ethics would differ depending on personal faith.
Counter Claim
Why do opinions exist?
If this is true, then why do some people have conflicting opinions?

Our "innate" conscience is shaped by our experiences.
Examples
The Bible of the three monotheistic faiths (The Old Testament) states:

"If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall surely be put to death; their blood is upon them."

Recognized Knowledge Question
Same Sex Marriage in America
Yodit Gebretsadik
Bryanna Young
Elsie Platzer
Jamie Adler
To what extent does faith affect our sense of ethics?
There is controversy over whether or not same sex marriage should be legalized nationwide. A major part of the debate is how the U.S. Supreme Court interprets the Constitution in relation to whether same sex marriage bans in certain states are constitutional or not. This is significant in today's society because it effects the way many people live.

Explored Areas of Knowledge
Ethics:
We are exploring the affect of faith on our morals and how our conflicting faiths prevent us from maintain the same morals.

Human Sciences:
We are exploring how Knowledge Issue can be applied to law, especially in considering how our faith affects the laws we agree with.

Religious Knowledge Systems:
Here we explore how religion and faith are connected, and how that changes what we view as morally
correct or incorrect.
Everyone has an innate sense of humane morality, so sometimes outside surroundings can't influence one's perspective.
Explored Ways of Knowing
Faith:
Some religious beliefs exclude some behaviors and practices that other religions may support or promote

Reason:
There are concrete benefits and drawbacks to regulation of practices

Language:
Text from different documents can be interpreted differently

Emotion:
Emotion is subjective and varies from person to person
Implications of Claim
If morality is based on subjectivity, then there cannot be such a thing as true moral right or wrong. How, then, can a society dictate laws that regulate right and wrong at all?
Application to
Animal Testing
Area of Knowledge: Ethics, Natural Sciences

More than 100 million animals suffer and die from cosmetic test, medical training exercises, and biology lessons. Animals such as mice, rats, birds, rabbits, cats, and dogs are blinded, poisoned and killed because of these test and experiments. However, this ultimately leads humans to many products and discoveries, with less of a risk for us. So different faith tells humans if this is amoral or not. Also people use reason in their argument, saying that these test are for science and it is better than human testing. While some use emotion and get upset and sad about the fact that the animals are being hurt.
Application to
Hobby Lobby Controversy
Application to
Same-Sex Marriage Debate
Area of Knowledge: Ethics, Human Sciences

Our faith is what determines our beliefs, and when we allow our faith the determine our morals, we come up with this set idea of what is right and wrong. A different faiths lead to a different sense of ethics. The sense of ethics of different groups are clashing in the same-sex marriage debate as different people's different faiths have led them to either believe that same-sex marriage is morally wrong or right. The language structure of the U.S. Constitution is also a major part of the debate as the Supreme Court has to interpret it and the specificity or vagueness of the different parts of the Constitution can lead to varying interpretations regarding marriage laws.
Developed Knowledge Questions
How does the language structure of a document affect the way it is interpreted?

How can reason be used to explain what humans think is ethical?

How do emotions affect social norms?
Conclusion
Faith involves adhering to a belief system related to a higher power. Because of this, adherents of different faiths follow different ways of living in accordance with their beliefs. Putting a large reliance on faith alone can influence people to disregard other ways of knowing, such as reason and intuition, that would otherwise help dictate ethical systems.
Claim
Claim
Reason allows us to evaluate concrete benefits and drawbacks involved in any situation, and conclude cause and effects from that. Therefore, reason affects our ethical predispositions by influencing us to support moral codes that lead to personal benefit.
Claim
Counter-Claim
Counter-Claim
Counter-Claim
As humans almost everything we do is affected by our emotions. They establish what is acceptable in a society because of how we react to different things. If something is upsetting to people the "proper" thing to do would be to stop. Emotions make our reactions and reactions make our social norms.
Emotions are controllable and unreliable, and don't affect our decisions as much as reason can. However, emotions can also skew reason and affect logical processing.
Sometimes we can be so overcome by emotion that we stop using reason. Also reason solely is unreliable because it works to our personal benefit. Still, reason is the best way to promote objectivity in making decisions.
Specificity in language can be seen as the best way to communicate truths because there is no room for misinterpretation. However, when these truths become so specific it makes it difficult to relate them to anything else.
Area of Knowledge: Ethics, Human Sciences

Again, faith has the propensity to change how individuals perceive morality, which affects how government systems should structure laws to support right versus wrong. The Supreme Court ruled that Hobby Lobby had a right to deny women coverage for birth control under their insurance plan because it went against Christian mandates not to use contraception. A dichotomy was created: the concept of freedom of religion, or faith, and the freedom for women to control their own sexualities. Depending on faith, one of these freedoms was valued over the other.
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