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Transcript of Tropical Savanna
Tropical savannas have various plants, trees, and grasses, and they are all very diverse.
BY: Kayla Nedved
Why are tropical savannas important?
Tropical savannas are important because they provide a home for animals, especially those who are trying to escape from the desert heat. They have necessary resources for the plants and animals that live here, like water and shade. Tropical savannas also provide humans with minerals and oil that is found deep underground.
Guests may like to take a tour and see all the magnificent animals that live in this biome, go bird-watching, or view the tribal life of the people who live here. The biomes nearby are the desert biome and the tropical rain forest biome. In the tropical rain forest you could go zip lining, take a tour, or go rafting.
Types of Animals
Many animals live in this biome, including:
What is a Tropical Savanna?
A tropical savanna is a biome, and is also called a tropical grassland. A savanna is flat with few hills, and includes scattered trees and shrubs.
Tropical savannas are located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. They cover parts of Australia, India, Africa, and South America. They are found between a tropical rain forest and a desert.
Types of Plants
acacia senegal tree
The candelabra tree is very prickly and is poisonous to any animal that may eat it.
This tree can grow to be 25 feet tall. It doesn't have leaves for 9 months of the year to conserve water, and can hold 120,000 liters of water.
Acacia Senegal Tree
The acacia senegal can grow up to 65 feet tall, and it provides food and shelter for animals. Its common name is gum-arabic.
Kangaroo paw is named this way because the flower is the shape of a kangaroo paw. There are 11 different species, and they are all known because of their vibrant colors. They are pollinated by birds in the wet season. Their shape allows this plant to turn the pollen in to food.
Elephant grass gets its name because of its size.
General Plant Adaptions
The plants of the tropical savanna have many adaptions, and most of these adaptions help the plants live through the dry season. Trees have large trunks so they can store lots of water. Tree's bark is thick so it is more flame resistant. All plants have thick and long roots to reach underground water reserves. Some plants loose or have waxy leaves so they are able to save water that would transpire. These plants are able sit in standing water for a long time. Some grasses are too sharp or bitter tasting so animals don't eat them.
The black mamba is the biggest venomous snake in Africa. On average it is 10 feet long and can go up to 12 miles per hour.
Some of the ways animals adapt to this environment are they have thick skin so thorns can't puncture their skin, they may pant to release body heat, they may burrow in the ground to excape the heat and raise their young, and some have thin ears to release body heat.
variable water/precipitation amounts
nutrient poor soil
lots of sun/light
Cooperation and Competition
Acacia trees cooperate with animals. Animals live under the tree's shade and uses the tree as shelter. The animals feces makes the ground full of nutrients, which is returned to the tree. All living things in a tropical savanna compete for food during the dry season. They may also compete for the grass that isn't dried up and is still full of nutrients.
A tropical savanna has wet and a dry season. In the dry season there is little rain and in the wet season there is a lot of rain. The wet season is from November to March and the dry season is from April to October.
In the wet season, the average temperature is 85 degrees and in the dry season the average temperature is about 70 degrees.
In the wet season, the tropical savanna receives 15-25 inches of rain. In the dry season, they receive about 4 inches of rain.
Things to Bring
short sleeves and shorts or khakis(light clothes)
There is low risk for climate change in this area, but there are other threats. Humans are one of the major threats. We are poaching animals, and messing up the ecosystem here. We also plow this land to make fields for crops or buildings. There are some natural threats to. Fires, flooding, weeds, and overgrazing are a few of them.
Black rhinos are an endangered species because humans have killed them for their horn. African elephants are also on the endangered species list because people kill them for their tusks. Other endangered species here are African wild dogs and lions.