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Assignment: 02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project

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Ris LaHue

on 30 November 2014

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Transcript of Assignment: 02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project

Essay
When you think of 'Dark Ages' you often associate it with evil, depressing or you may think of the what many would now call the Middle Ages. Not much did come out of the Middle Ages, but the people were full of life and spirit. Dark Ages does not imply the image of people being joyful or spirited; It simply doesn't suite the Middle Ages.

According to dictionary entries for the Dark Ages it states "the concept of a period of intellectual darkness and economic regression that occurred in Europe following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire". Many historians consider these times as people weren't intellectually inclined. So many would realize that only at the beginning of the Middle Ages not much was happening due to trying to regain their losses. When historians wrongly named this era, the Dark Ages, they were trying to say bluntly this was an era of nothing good but all things depressing.

Being called the Dark Ages does in fact not bring justice to those who achieved something in this era. Instead of looking at the advancements that later came out of the Middle Ages, often times many get stuck on the idea of it being named Dark ages. One assumes that not many good advancements rised to be considered a great advancement for mankind. For example when King John began to abuse his power as king, they created the Magna Carta. To stop monarchs from overstepping clear boundaries set in place. Without those brave people image our government today.

Although many bad things did occur in the Middle Ages, those conflicts were sooner or later worked out. A great example would be when the Christians wanted control of the Holy Land, that led to the start of the Crusades that lasted 200 years and were led by different figures. They seemed awful at the time but it helped Christians gain more. It also led the church to become stronger then before, and it opened a door to new and better trade opportunities throughout many different areas.

Although invitations were limited in the beginning, the outcome is many great achievements were made and the greater good for people in the later years was established. Without the events in the Middle Ages, the world would be a different place. Hence "Dark Ages" being a misleading name to the Middle Ages.
Assignment: 02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
Document B: Magna Carta
How did religion influence the Magna Carta?
Religion influenced the Magna Carta by making the people think they HAD to have Catholic churches or they'd go to hell.

How did the Magna Carta limit the power of King John?
The Magna Carta limited the power of King John because he couldn't put people in jail and collect tax money from the people without a reason.

How did the Magna Carta lay the foundation for democracy?
The Magna Carta lay the foundation for democracy by limiting power of monarchs and creating a council.
Document C: Joan of Arc Painting
How does this painting show the influence of religion on politics?
It shows Joan of Arc holding a banner with three saints on the banner. Joan is dressed for battle or war. Due to the saints being present on her banner it shows us that the artist thought the church approved of this battle or war to be fought.

Do you think the painter of this picture viewed Joan of Arc as a heroine? Explain.
Yes, the painter of this portrait view Joan of Arc as a heroine because the painter was portraying Joan to be a hero. A hero because they painted her in armor, holding her sword, and holding the banner meaning victory.

How does this painting combine the style of the ancient Greek and Roman artists with that of the artists of the Middle Ages? Give examples.
It combines two styles because the armor is a realistic portion, which is commonly found in ancient Greek and the Roman art in the Middle Age pictures are on the flag she holds. The flag looks like Middle Aged style art because the supposed Saints appear to be floating and less realistic.
Document D: Kokin Wakashū anthology
Do you think the style of the book suggests anything about its value? Explain.
I do believe the style of the book suggests its value due to it's neatness and how well structured it is. I would say the value is high to the writer and those who value his work.

When was the edition in this image published? How does that relate to its original publication?
An edition of the book may have been published between 897-930 c.e. while Emperor Daigo reigned. It relates because Emperor Daigo mandated that this book be made.

What do the types of poems in this collection tell you about Japanese society at this time?
The types of poems in this collection tells me that the Japanese society at this time was peaceful and full of love among the people who inhabited the era.
Document E: Major Trade Routes of Afroeurasia c.1300 CE, Map
How do you think the Crusades may have influenced the trade routes shown on this map? Explain.
I think the Crusades may have influenced the trade routes shown on the map by telling those who traveled on this route they may or may not run into an on going battle.

Which cities shown on the map do you think were most affected by ideas from foreign lands? Which cities were least affected by ideas from foreign lands? Explain.
I think the smaller cities on the map were most affected because those who followed a map and avoided those areas where cities may have been weren't able to make trades or offers because most traders would have avoided the area due to the on going battle. The cities least affected where those who weren't inland cities, because they weren't inland they would go to different cities who had a port to trade their goods and not have to run into the battles that lay on land instead of overseas.

How might trade have affected the culture of people living in the areas shown along the trade routes?
Trade might have affected the culture of people living in the areas shown along the trade routes by bringing more trade in or less trade dependent on if there was a battle near by.
Document F: Excerpt for Secondary Source
Based on this excerpt, do you think trade was instrumental in the spread of Buddhism to Japan? Explain.
Yes I do think trade was instrumental in the spread of Buddhism to Japan, because stated in the excerpt it says "Japanese priests on religious pilgrimages often went along on these journeys as well."

Summarize the trade relations described in this excerpt. Do you think the geographic locations of Japan, China, and Korea contributed to this trade? Explain.
The geographic locations weren't so close but weren't too far for trade routes to be found. There would be a lot of cities in between to sell and trade with or preach religion to.

How do you think people in Japan, China, and Korea were affected by the trade described here? Explain.
They were affected by the trade described because for many it was their source of income or it was their lively hood and only thing they knew how to do was trade.
Document A: The American Cyclopedia
What time period does The American Cyclopaedia use to explain the “Dark Ages”?
The fifth century (400 c.e.) to the beginning of the fifteenth century. Almost corresponding to the Middle Ages.

Does “intellectual depression” refer to the people of the “Dark Ages” or historical knowledge of the time?
"Intellectual Depression" refers to the people of the era because historians thought that it was a time where not a lot learning and proper education was taught. Along with the poor education there was little innovation.

Does this definition resemble more the original meaning of the “Dark Ages” or the meaning it gained over time?
The meaning of "Dark Ages" resembles more of the meaning it gained over time.
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