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Night by Elie Wiesel

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Jonathan Allen

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of Night by Elie Wiesel

chapter 1
chapter 2
chapter 5
chapter 4
chapter 3
Simile and a metaphor compare two things only simile uses like or as to express it.
Foreshadowing basically foretells the future of a character. Personification is giving a nonliving object human qualities.
Imagery is words that give the reader an image of what is occurring.
Irony is when words portray the opposite of what is mint. Ethos displaces emotion to the reader or audience.
Tone is the word choice the author uses while the mood is how the reader feels.
Syntax is sentence structure and diction is the word choice that the author uses to show importance.
Allusion is a reference to something without actually naming it.
Allegory is a hidden message.
Symbolism is an object that represents something bigger.
A motif is a theme that is displayed repeatedly throughout the book.
“last”(61) is a use of emotion(pathos) at the time because it was supposed to be a special holiday or of celebration for the Jews, so they all had their hopes up that it would be their last day in a camp. This ends up lowering moral among the Jews and losing hope through the rest of their days within their unwanted camps
“Buna was a real hell then” (64) this is an example of a metaphor because it compares the camp to hell without using like or as. This gives the reader some insight that some camps were worked harder at times than others. This gives some relief to Elie and his father that they may have extended their lives for at least a little longer.
“Praying” (65) is a constantly used throughout the book or story because it is a very important motif. The motif is hope and is represented by the use of the word praying. This factor time and time again raise the moral and hope of the Jews to stay alive and keep thinking on the positive side, and this effect is extended to the reader or audience as well.
the use of syntax by “….” (66) Is used to have a pause or a break so the reader can gather his/her thoughts and keep reading. It also gives the reader a more in-depth mood of sadness and petty as well as hatred for the German people, in some cases.
“Physically he was as awkward as a clown” (1). This is a simile because of the use of the word as, as well as the comparative nature of the sentence. It effects the story as a whole by adding a mood of sympathy.
“There are a thousand and one gates leading into the orchard of mystical truth” (3). This shows the use of syntax by the addition of “and one gates” (3); it adds a bit of mystery by getting the reader to ask why a thousand and one gates?
“Crammed into the cattle trains by Hungarian Police,” (3). This represents foreshadow because he will eventually have to go through with the same thing to a camp, and gives the reader an insight of the feeling the Jews must have had.
The word prayer is also a literary device because it represents a motif of faith and hope. This is used on almost every page in chapter 1 and it is the reason why it is a motif.
“There are eighty of you in this wagon,” (20). This creates imagery to the reader by questioning if it is a hyperbole or not. This creates the image of eighty men inside of a wagon on a train. It is a disturbing image but still an image of what has occurred.
“If anyone is missing, you’ll all be shot like dogs” (20). The German officer compares dogs to Jews which isn’t a positive comparison. The German thinks Jews=dogs by the use of the simile.
“thanks” (23). diction by the word “thanks” the author gave thanks to god even though god has allowed them to be torched, but just a brief moment of peace which was given to them by “god.” He could have used a different word to describe a more negative feeling like, we gave knowledge mint of god.
“Here is a sudden release of terrors from the previous night.” (23) This is an allusion because it gives reference to the previous night. He doesn’t state the night’s details which then makes it an allusion of the night before. He only says the previous night which then references the night; however nothing else was said about that night thereafter.
“The officer took an interest in them and gave orders for them to be brought food.”(43) The use of ethics is a factor because it is starving kids for which the officer order to be brought food. This effects the book as a whole by showing that not all SS Germans are bad.
“Are you in good health?”(44) This is a use of irony because a German medical officer ask a Jew who is imprisoned and barley fed with hard working conditions is in good health. This is noticeably the opposite of what was asked making is ironic.
“Comrades” (45) it is very interesting that Elie uses comrades even though it’s basically every family for their self because time and time again people; therefore it is a use of diction.(examples of jews vs jews)
“Bible” (46) this is a symbol for hope to all of the Jews because it is in tangled with god to whom they pray. Thus it is a symbol for not only hope but god.
“Here, kid, how old are you?”(28) The use of kid describes a playful kind a tone. The use of the word kid also describes that they both the man and the kid are in it together.
“Someone dared to answer him” (29) this is an example of mood. It provides the reader some insight of who the man is which then makes the reader feel intimidated.
“Not far from us, flames were leaping up from a ditch.” (30) This is personification because it gives flames a human trait or quality. Flames cannot leap out from a ditch literally.
“You must never lose faith, even when the sword hangs over your head. That’s the teaching of our sages.”(30) This is an example of an allegory because there is much more meaning than the bland words that were spoken. This is supposed to keep faith and hope within the people among the camps.
by: Jonathon Allen and Nicholas Kirksey
figurative language
Night by Elie Wiesel
chapter 6
"we were running. Like automatons." (77). This is a simile because it compares them running to automatons(machine like). it also shows their treatment in camps
"trampled to death"(78). this phrase provides a terrible mood for the reader while also showing how desperate the Jews were in the camps.
"under our feet were men crushed, trampled underfoot, dying. No one paid any attention"(80). this gives the reader imagery by a picture of trampled men with others that aren't paying them any attention. shows that is was every family for their selves.
"then he smiled"(81). uses of pathos because Elie's father finds a way to smile in the mist of the camp. this brings hope into the Elie and the audience.

chapter 7
"piled one on top of other, like a field of dust-covered tombstones in the first light of the dawn"(87). this is an simile because of the comparison of bodies and tombstones through the use of 'like'.
"They're trying to throw you out of the carriage....."(87). syntax is used to make a pause after the beginning of the sentence. this helps provides a mood of being afraid for his father.
"leave him. you can see perfectly well that he's dead"(88). pathos is seen by a son being told to leave his barely alive father forever.
"I'm your father...you're hurting me...you're killing your father"(89). this is an example of mood by the fact of a son not knowing who his father is and trying to beat him to death for some bread. this gives the reader a terrible feeling.
chapter 8
"father's hand-the old, familiar fear"(92). use of syntax gives a beak within the sentence to reference a past feeling. this helps the reader understand that this wasn't new to Elie.
"this is the end"(92). foreshadowing is seen by Elie's fathers words of the end because he doesn't have long, and eventually die.
"dead weight"(93). tone is used by these two words by giving the reader a doubtful mood of sadness. A son calling his dad dead weight.
"my father weeping like a child"(95). comparison of father to a child. this shows that not only is his father not doing well, but is as helpless as a child.

chapter 9
"one desire-to eat"(98). the use of syntax was to create a break which then makes "to eat" have more meaning.
"we children"(99). is a use of pathos because Elie includes himself as a child even after everything that has happened. gives the reader knowledge that he is still a young boy.
"to throw ourselves"(99). diction of the word throw explains to the reader how desperate they are for food or provisions.
"i was transferred to the hospital and spent two weeks between life and death"(99). very ironic that he gets out of the camp to recovery and gets food poisoning which almost kills him.
lines(where they were counted)
where they sleep
trenches where people lie dead
families before
trampled bodies
buried bodies
camp areas
people at work
races that were in camps
one of the themes of the book Night, we believe, is Eliezer's struggle to maintain faith in a benevolent god
the motif word of prayer shows him struggling to have faith in god
throughout the entire book he tries to keep that faith or hope, and at some points he really just wants to quite believing in a god.
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