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[Still editing] Awesome Battles In Greek History
Transcript of [Still editing] Awesome Battles In Greek History
in greek history Battle of marathon Have you ever heard of the legend... The greek warrior, Pheidippides, ran back from the Plain of Marathon to Athens, bringing news of the Athenian victory over the Persians, and he died of exhaustion after he gasped out his story. And indeed in 490 BC, it occurred.
Which leads us to... In 492 BCE, Darius I assembled a fleet of 600 ships and a great military force led by General Mardonios, a relative, for the invasion of Greece. As the fleet approached Mount Athos on the Macedonian coast, a sudden storm wrecked more than half of it. These losses were severe and resulted in the retreat of the Persians back to Asia Minor. But the Athenians knew that another assault would be forthcoming. Darius I Mount
Athos Persian fleet Darius and bit of island hopping... With a force of 25,000 men and 600 triremes, the Persians first landed at Naxos proceeded to Delos then Carystus in south Euboea and finally to Eretria prior to the planned landing at Marathon. But for what reason was Marathon selected as the landing site? It was recommended by Hippias, once tyrant of Athens. Not far from Marathon, there was a plain about six miles in length and a mile in width which was ideally suited for the Persian cavalry forces. It was this site which he believed would surely yield a victory for King Darius. With Miltiades as general and a force of 10,000 Athenians and 1,000 Plateans, they marched swiftly to Marathon A lofty mound at Marathon contains the remains of the Athenians slain in battle As they made preparations, Pheidippides was dispatched to seek support from Sparta. The Athenians (Greeks) won against the Persians! Greeks vs. persians! What's gonna work? TEAMWORK! What do you think was the main reason
that led to the victory of the Greeks against the Persians? DAHILAN NG PAGTUNGO NG MGA PERSYANO SA GREECE Ang kanilang misyon ay sirain at wasakin ang estado ng Greek dahil sa pagsuporta ng mga ito sa "Ionian" na nag-alsa laban sa pamunuan ng Persyan.
Dahil dito, ang salitang “marathon” ay nangangahulugang foot race na may 42.2 km na layo.
Noong 1896, ito ay naging event sa Olympics
But decisive as the victory at Marathon was, the Greeks knew that the Persians would not accept this defeat. Indeed, both sides began preparations for the seemingly inevitable next phase of the war. By the middle 480BC, Xerxes,
the son of Darius, had created
a massive military force. Themistocles persuaded the Athenians that the destruction of Persia's navy would be the only realistic strategy for victory. The Greeks were weighing the sites at which they could oppose the Persians. They finally agreed upon Thermopylae, about 80 miles north of Athens Which sparked the start for something new... BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE Notable people Haring Leonidas – namuno sa 300 Spartan na tumulong sa Athenian na ipagtanggol ang Greece sa mga mananakop, sa loob ng 3 araw ay nanalo sila sa labanan Ephialtes – isang taksil na Griyego na nagturo sa mga persiyano ng lihim na lagusan sa Thermopylae, dahil sa kanya napatay ang mga tumulong na Spartan samantalang umatras ang mga Athenian It started out great! Leonidas marched north with a force of 7,300 soldiers of whom 300 were Spartans. In the meantime, the Persian fleet while sailing south along the coast of Magnesia was caught in a strong gale and lost many of its ships and personnel. This was an opportunity for the Greek navy to attack. The battle continued for two successive days. Losses were heavy on both sides. While the sea battle was in progress, Leonidas and his soldiers withstood the massive Persian army for three days. But an act of treachery undermined its spirited defense. But because of an act of treachery... Leonidas knew that they could not hold their positions so he dismissed the remainder of his army to head back to Athens for future engagements while he and his men were all killed in the final action. The remarkable resistance of the Spartans even today is cited as an act of heroic courage and dedication to duty.