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Transcript of Photorealism
Artists techniques modern
artists Arshile Gorky Chuck Close Richard Estes Audrey Flack Ralph Goings Origins Photorealism began in the late 1960s and is most
often considered an outgrowth of Pop Art.
It was also in reaction to Minimalism and Abstract Expressionism. Andy Warhol Richard Hamilton Roy Lichtenstein Jackson Pollock Richard Newman Mark Rothko + How? Pop Art began in response
to culture changes of the day by embracing
the commerciality that was developing. Pop Art
challenged people to rethink what was considered art
and in doing so, paved the way for Photorealism to
develop. Like Pop Art, Photorealism focused on breaking
down heirarchies of subject matter and dealt primarily with
mundane, every-day scenes and subjects.
Minimalism and Abstract Expressionism were also major art
movements of the day, and their rejection of anything solid and representational is part of what drove Photorealists to
start painting the way they did. They wanted to return
to the figure and start something new. Focuses on portraits of himself and his friends at monumental sizes.
A spinal blood clot left him paralyzed and drastically changed his painting style Painted urban landscapes, very geometric, and very little human presence
Reflections are a recurring theme Painted still lifes from diners and fast-food restaurants
Focused on the mundane, everyday American experience
First Photorealist to have her work displayed at the Museum of Modern Art
Her work is charged with commentary, focuses on temporality and the illusion of the surface Dru Blair Grids Projectors Artists such as Chuck Close and Audrey Flack used grids and projectors to ensure accuracy and proportion. Close and Flack also
used an airbrush, which is a popular photorealist technique.
It allows for a smooth, photofinished look. Oil paint is another popular medium, one used by Estes and Goings in particular. These two artists painted freehand with oil paints rather than using projectors and grids. Alyssa Monks Kehinde Wiley Yigal Ozeri Eric Zener Angela Fraleigh