Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Copy of Aspects of Connected Speech: Rhythm

P. Roach (1998) English Phonetics and Phonoly, a course book. Ch. 14.
by

Alireza Jamshidnejad

on 5 December 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Copy of Aspects of Connected Speech: Rhythm

Aspects of Connected Speech

Peter Roach.
English Phonetics and Phonology, a course book. Ch.14.

exercise 1b
exercise 1
Assimilation
In natural connected speech, sounds belonging to one word can produce changes in the sounds of neighboring words
---- c c----
f
i
word boundary
This phenomenon is usual in rapid natural speech and it is a result of coarticulation (same organs).

Even though it affects vowel sounds as well, the effect is better appreciated among consonants.
Among others, assimilation varies according to speaker rate and style.
---- c c----
f
i
initial consonant
final consonant
At least one feature of the final consonant is replaced by one(s) of the following initial consonant sound.
REGRESSIVE ASSIMILATION
final consonant changes
that person=
tha
p
person

one monkey=
o
m
monkey

at three
---- c c----
PROGRESSIVE ASSIMILATION
initial consonant changes
f
i
At least one feature of the initial consonant is replaced by one(s) of the following final consonant features.
not+
y
et=no

et
could+you=cou

u
did+you=di

u
Practise 1
Assimilation:
voice
place
manner
mea
t
pie mi:
p
paI
tha
t

p
erson
tha
t

t
hing
brigh
t

c
olour
thi
s

sh
oe
tho
se

y
ears
t
+
bilabial

p

It is only found in the most rapid and casual speech

tha
t s
ide
goo
d n
ight
Assimilation of voice is
only regressive
and of one type: if the final consonat is lenis and the initial consonant is fortis, the final consonant will (probably) be voiceless:


He i
s T
im
lea
ve K
ate alone
Elision
Under certain circumstances sounds disappear.
We can say that the phoneme has

zero
realisation

or that it has been deleted.
Ø
Examples
Loss or weak vowel after /p/ /t/ /k/

potato; tomato; canary; today
Weak vowel + n, l or r becomes syllabic

tonight, police, correct
Avoidance of complex consonant clusters

George the six's throne

acts ; looked back; scripts

Loss of final /v/ in "of" before consonants

"lots of them"

"waste of money"
Finally,

Do you believe that contractions of grammatical forms should be regarded as phonological elision?
Linking
Even though in RP final /r/ is not pronunced, there are two instances in connected speech in which it occurs:

Linking "r"
and
Intrusive "r"
Linking r

When a word's spelling suggests a final r, and a word beginning with a vowel follows, it is usual to pronounce that "r":

'here' but 'here are'

'four' but 'four eggs'
Intrusive R

A way to link words when they end and begin with a vowel sound, is to add an "r" sound, even if it is not present in the words:

Formula A

Australia all aut

Media event
Full transcript