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Aristotle

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Young Lin

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of Aristotle

INTRODUCTION
Physics
Aristotle
Poetry, Comedy, and Tragedy
Writings

Sources
Philosophy
Jeffrey, Annie, Young, Ashley
Logic
Ethics
Politics
Poetry
Philosophy
Physics
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_geology
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-logic/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristotle#Geology
http://www.iep.utm.edu/aristotl/
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/people/aristotle-philosophy.html
http://www.resourcesandenergy.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets pdf_file/0005/109580/history-of-geology.pdf

Physiology
All of his published books are lost, but most his unpublished books still remain, which were later found in his school.
Fun Fact
Some of Aristotle's works could be found on today's
amazon.com
The earliest study of formal logic
Birth
384 BC
Stagira, Greece
Next to the Macedonian Kingdom in the north part of Greece
Death
322 BC
Poetry
Comedy
Aristotle contracted a disease of the digestive organs and died soon after
Tragedy
343 BC
335 BC
62 years
Aristotle was said to be the greatest Greek thinker. He was a student of Plato who in turn studied under Socrates.
Life Story
Of
Aristotle
Nicomachus
Father
Died when Aristotle was a child.
Joined Plato's Academy
The Main Question He Asked
What makes people happy?
Age 18
Stayed in the academy until the age of thirty-seven
347 BC
What makes people happy?
Wife
Aristotle believed that for a person to be happy, they needed to have distinct virtues. He proposed 11 virtues...
Pythias
They also had a daughter who is named after his wife, Pythias.
1. Courage
2. Temperance
3. Liberality
4. Magnificence
5. Magnanimity
6. Pride
7. Patience
8. Truthfulness
9. Wittiness
10. Friendliness
11. Modesty
Supposedly, you have to have at least one of these virtues to be happy.
Aristotle was invited by Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor to his son Alexander.
Golden mean
to Aristotle, the golden mean is the desirable middle between two extremes.
all the virtues are the golden mean of two extremes.

This period in Athens, between 335 and 323 BCE, is when Aristotle is believed to have composed many of his works.
While in Athens, his wife Pythias died and Aristotle fell in love with Herpyllis of Stagira, they had a son which he named after his father, Nicomachus.
A syllogism consists of a certain number of facts which can lead to another fact.
Aristotle's most important contribution to logic is the syllogism.
ex.
All men are mortal -- extreme
All Athenians are men -- extreme
Therefore all Athenians are mortal -- middle
Aristotle has returned to Athens and established his own school.
Lyceum
For the next twelve years he conducted courses
Another Wife
Herpyllis
Major Beliefs
Video
Pictures
The End
List Of Books:
Magna Moralia
Historiao Animalium
Otot ha-shamayim
Corpus Aristotelicum
Problems
Economics
On plants
On Education
Physiognomnics
On Marvellous Things Heard
On Things Heard
Mechanics
Protrepticus
Nicomachean Ethics
Poetics
Metaphysics
Politics
Rhetoric
On the Soul
Physics
Organon
Topics
Categories
On the Heavens
History of Animals
Posterior Analytics
Constitution of the Athenians
Parts of Animals
De Interpretatione
Eudemian Ethics
Meteorology
On Generation and Corruption
On the Generation of Animals
Sophistical Refutations
Movement of Animals
The Syllogism
THE GOLDEN MEAN
Recklessness
Cowardice
Courage
extreme
extreme
Aristotle was a great admirer of Sophocles.
Sophocles is one of the three tragedians whose plays have survived.
Aristotle believed that Comedy is about people who have less standards, who are unimportant, undignified, laughable.
Aristotle Proposed:
Aether: the divine substance that makes up the stars and planets.
Aristotle proposed a fifth element, aether, in addition to the four proposed earlier by Empedocles (490 – c. 430 BC).



Aristotle defined poetry as: the imitative, use of language, rhythm, and harmony.
Humans are naturally drawn to imitation, and so poetry has a strong pull on us.
He believed that everything in life happened for a specific reason

He believed that everyone should practice moderation and that everyone should be rational. Aristotle didn't understand irrational people
He didn't believe in space
He believed that you could discover new facts from the facts already known
Full transcript