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Transcript of Aristotle
Poetry, Comedy, and Tragedy
Jeffrey, Annie, Young, Ashley
All of his published books are lost, but most his unpublished books still remain, which were later found in his school.
Some of Aristotle's works could be found on today's
The earliest study of formal logic
Next to the Macedonian Kingdom in the north part of Greece
Aristotle contracted a disease of the digestive organs and died soon after
Aristotle was said to be the greatest Greek thinker. He was a student of Plato who in turn studied under Socrates.
Died when Aristotle was a child.
Joined Plato's Academy
The Main Question He Asked
What makes people happy?
Stayed in the academy until the age of thirty-seven
What makes people happy?
Aristotle believed that for a person to be happy, they needed to have distinct virtues. He proposed 11 virtues...
They also had a daughter who is named after his wife, Pythias.
Supposedly, you have to have at least one of these virtues to be happy.
Aristotle was invited by Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor to his son Alexander.
to Aristotle, the golden mean is the desirable middle between two extremes.
all the virtues are the golden mean of two extremes.
This period in Athens, between 335 and 323 BCE, is when Aristotle is believed to have composed many of his works.
While in Athens, his wife Pythias died and Aristotle fell in love with Herpyllis of Stagira, they had a son which he named after his father, Nicomachus.
A syllogism consists of a certain number of facts which can lead to another fact.
Aristotle's most important contribution to logic is the syllogism.
All men are mortal -- extreme
All Athenians are men -- extreme
Therefore all Athenians are mortal -- middle
Aristotle has returned to Athens and established his own school.
For the next twelve years he conducted courses
List Of Books:
On Marvellous Things Heard
On Things Heard
On the Soul
On the Heavens
History of Animals
Constitution of the Athenians
Parts of Animals
On Generation and Corruption
On the Generation of Animals
Movement of Animals
THE GOLDEN MEAN
Aristotle was a great admirer of Sophocles.
Sophocles is one of the three tragedians whose plays have survived.
Aristotle believed that Comedy is about people who have less standards, who are unimportant, undignified, laughable.
Aether: the divine substance that makes up the stars and planets.
Aristotle proposed a fifth element, aether, in addition to the four proposed earlier by Empedocles (490 – c. 430 BC).
Aristotle defined poetry as: the imitative, use of language, rhythm, and harmony.
Humans are naturally drawn to imitation, and so poetry has a strong pull on us.
He believed that everything in life happened for a specific reason
He believed that everyone should practice moderation and that everyone should be rational. Aristotle didn't understand irrational people
He didn't believe in space
He believed that you could discover new facts from the facts already known