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RAMAYANA: ARRANGING EVENTS and SUMMARY
Transcript of RAMAYANA: ARRANGING EVENTS and SUMMARY
Group 1 Presentation
In a neighboring city the ruler’s daughter is named Sita. When it was time for Sita to choose her bridegroom, at a ceremony called a swayamvara. Sita indicates she has chosen Rama as her husband by putting a garland around his neck. The disappointed suitors watch.
Bharata, whose mother’s evil plot has won him the throne, is very upset when he finds out what has happened. Not for a moment does he consider breaking the rules of dharma and becoming king in Rama’s place. He goes to Rama’s forest retreat and begs Rama to return and rule, but Rama refuses.
King Dasharatha, Rama’s father, decides it is time to give his throne to his eldest son Rama. Everyone seems pleased. However Rama’s step-mother, the king’s second wife, is not pleased. She wants her son, Bharata, to rule. Because of an oath Dasharatha had made to her years before, she the king to agree to banish Rama for fourteen years and to crown Bharata, even though the king, on bended knee, begs her not to demand such things.
Rama, always obedient, is as content to go into banishment in the forest as to be crowned king. Sita convinces Rama that she belongs at his side and his brother Lakshman also begs to company them. Rama, Sita and Lakshman set out for the forest.
Dasharatha, King of Ayodhya, has three wives and four sons. Rama is the eldest. Bharata is the second and the other two are twins, Lakshmana and Shatrughna.
Years pass and Rama, Sita and Lakshman are very happy in the forest. One day a rakshasa princess tries to seduce Rama, and Lakshman wounds her and drives her away. She returns to her brother Ravana, the ten-headed ruler of Lanka, and tells her brother (who has a weakness for beautiful women) about lovely Sita.
Ravana devises a plan to abduct Sita. He sends a magical golden deer which Sita desires. Rama and Lakshman go off to hunt the deer, first drawing a protective circle around Sita and warning her she will be safe as long as she does not step outside the circle. As they go off, Ravana (who can change his shape) appears as a holy man begging alms. The moment Sita steps outside the circle to give him food, Ravana grabs her and carries her off to his kingdom in Lanka.
Rama is broken-hearted when he returns to the empty hut and cannot find Sita. A band of monkeys offer to help him find Sita. Ravana has carried Sita to his palace in Lanka, but he cannot force her to be his wife so he puts her in a grove and alternately sweet-talks her and threatens her in an attempt to get her to agree to marry him. Sita will not even look at him but thinks only of her beloved Rama.
Ravana’s men capture Hanuman, and Ravana orders them to wrap Hanuman’s tail in cloth and to set it on fire. With his tail burning, Hanuman hops from house-top to house-top, setting Lanka afire. He then flies back to Rama to tell him where Sita is.
Rama, Lakshman and the monkey army build a causeway from the tip of India to Lanka and cross over to Lanka. A might battle ensues. Rama kills several of Ravana’s brothers and then Rama confronts ten-headed Ravana. Rama finally kills Ravana
Rama frees Sita. After Sita proves her purity, they return to Ayodhya and Rama becomes king. His rule, Ram-rajya, is an ideal time when everyone does his or her dharma and “fathers never have to light the funeral pyres for their sons.”
Dasharatha, king of Ayodhya bore 4 Children, Rama, Lakshmana, Baratha and Shatrughna. Rama was said to be a reincarnation of a God, because of that, he grew up to a fine man and fierce warrior. In a neighboring kingdom, there was a task to be done with marrying Sita, the princess, as the reward. Rama did this and was able to marry Sita. Meanwhile, the King Dasharatha wanted to step down and give the throne to Rama, but his wife (or Rama’s Mother) wanted Baratha to be the king, and also along with that request, wanted to banish Rama in the forest for 14 years, which the King forcefully agreed with. Rama, along with Sita and Lakshamana, went to the forest and lived there for years in peace.
One day, in the forest, a demon princess saw Rama, and was captured by Rama’s handsomeness and tried to seduce Rama, but failed because Rama is faithful to Sita, which the demon princess observed and told her brother, Ravana about it. Ravana tried abducting Sita by using a golden deer to distract Rama and Lakshmana away from Sita while, disguised as a Sage, then went to the house and abducted Sita.
Rama went back and was shocked, so he sought help from the monkey kingdom by making Hanuman the king of the kingdom. Hanuman was sent by Rama to find the place where Sita was held, and at the same time, to weaken the kingdom. After that, Rama’s monkey army marched through the seas and fought with the demon army. Rama defeated Ravana and his mighty army, in the end, saving Sita, living as a king in Ayodhya.