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Technology in Agriculture

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Tonya Sullivan

on 2 March 2013

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Transcript of Technology in Agriculture

Northwest Nazarene University
BSNS 6122 Management Information Systems
Dr. Jeffrey Lineman
March 1, 2013
RaeLene Durrant, Victor Hernandez, Tonya Sullivan, David Wroten Technology in Agriculture World Population Growth The world population is expected to reach 9.3 billion in 2050 and 10.1 billion in 2100 (United Nations)

The current world population is 7.1 billion people
By the year 2050, there will be 2.2 billion more people on the earth than there is in 2013 Feeding the World All those people will need to eat
But they will take up more land and water just to live
That leaves less resources to grow more food
How do farmers meet the growing demand?

Innovate with technology! The Way it Used to Be
and
The Way it is Today Farmers used more land, water, and fertilizer for lower yields than they get now. Precision Farming Global Positioning Systems
Geographical Informational Systems
Variable Rate Applications
Yield Monitors
Telemetry Systems
Global Precision Farming Technologies in Dairy
and Feedlots Nutrition Management
Waste Management Conclusion Geographical Information Systems Variable Rate Applications Global Positioning Systems Telemetry Systems Global Precision Farming Yield Monitors Nutrition Management Waste Management The most common use of GPS technology in precision farming is navigation
GPS calculates where a vehicle is and where it needs to go
GPS navigation also reduces inputs such as fertilizer because technologically navigated vehicles do not cover the same part of a field twice Growers use GPS technology in conjunction with GIS to facilitate precision farming
GIS creates a map showing characteristics such as fertility, soil type, salinity, insects, and nitrogen levels for various fields Variable rate technology allows customized blends of fertilizer to be applied to different parts of a field
Irrigation water can also be applied at a variable rate, conserving water without reducing yields
Variable rate application is good for the plant, good for the farmer, and good for the environment
The right nutrients are delivered to the right place, with no excess to seep into groundwater or make the soil unhealthy Nutrition management is about feeding cows the right blend of food for high quality output
Milk production is monitored in real time and adjustments to feed are made The dairy operator is responsible for everything that comes out of the cow!
Waste can be recaptured as bio-gas, fertilizer, and cow bedding Yield monitors map the yield at harvest
This information is used in conjunction with the inputs used to plan for the future Growing conditions vary around the world
Each region is building its own best practices and precision farming techniques References
Barmore, J. & Bethard, G. (2005). Performance monitoring of dairy nutrition and feeding. Tri-State Dairy Nutrition Conference. Retrieved from http://tristatedairy.osu.edu/Barmore%20paper.pdf
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Ferguson, J. D. (n.d.). Formulating rations in dairy herds. Retrieved from http://research.vet.upenn.edu/dairynutrition/FormulatingRationsinDairyHerds/tabid/3731/Default.aspx
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McCrometer. (2011). New rc45 irrigation telemetry system saves time, fuel, labor and money. Retrieved from http://www.mccrometer.com/news_media/news_releases/pr2011_remoteconnect-rc45.asp
Microbeef (n.d.). ACCU-TRAC national animal identification & beef management systems. Retrieved from http://www.microbeef.com/animal_traceback/at_over.html
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Tao, S. (2010). Development of optical fiber sensors and a sensor array for continuous monitoring ammonia spatial distribution in animal feedlots. Retrieved from http://www.reeis.usda.gov/web/crisprojectpages/0220850-development-of-optical-fiber-sensors-and-a-sensor-array-for-continous-monitoring-ammonia-spatial-distribution-in-animal-feedlots.html
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2011). World population prospects: The 2010 revision, highlights and advance tables. Working Paper No. ESA/P/WP 220. Retrieved from http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Documentation/pdf/WPP2010_Highlights.pdf
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Zezima, K. (2008, Sept 23). Electricity from what cows leave behind. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/24/business/businessspecial2/24farmers.html?_r=0 Telemetry systems allow farmers to monitor water distribution
Rainfall can be monitored too, allowing for adjustments to be made to irrigation
Supports water conservation! All these technological innovations in the agriculture industry are helping meet the need of a growing world population by increasing output while reducing inputs
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