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Araby AP Literature
Transcript of Araby AP Literature
Araby AP Literature
James Joyce was born in 1882 and passed in 1941, living through both World Wars. He was an Irish, middle-class man as the eldest child of 12. Joyce immigrated to continental Europe in his early-20s and was greatly influenced by the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas and his fear of thunderstorms, for which he once believed signified God's wrath.
About the Author:
Boy likes girl and loses innocence.
A 6 Word Summary:
Joyce's purpose in writing this novel is to describe the repetition of decision prevalent throughout his character's quest. The boy faces many choices that are implied in the text.
Carrying on, Joyce depicts the growth and maturity of the boy as he "falls in love," displaying a "coming of age"" tale.
Blind street = Blind boy
Discovers his own blindness at the end of the story; left the blind street and became no longer blind
At the very blindest part of the street when he says he'll go to Araby for her
Key Element: Blindness
5 Elements of a Quest
a place to go
a stated reason to go there
challenges and trials en route
a real reason to go there
Key Element: Weather
In the text, there is a large amount of attention paid to the weather. The significance of cold weather is symbolic of the usual characterization of people from Northern regions; it can stand for aloofness or privacy. In Araby, the weather plays out as ironic in that the story focuses on the boy's passion for the girl.
Liberation vs. Confinement
Love vs. Lust
Childhood vs. Adulthood
Point of View
First person POV
Never mentions protagonist or girl's name
Don't know protagonists age
is the narrator, the "blind" boy, in which he journeys for something precious only to find that his quest will have been completed in vain once he arrives to find an empty bazzar.
to go to the market was to buy a gift for Mangan's sister.
The narrator of
challenges and trials
when he shows up to the market late after being delayed by his drunk uncle only to find almost all the stalls already closed and his hopes of buying a gift for Mangan's sister are crushed.
to journey on his quest becomes evident to the reader that it was not to buy a gift for Mangan's sister but to have his innocence of childhood be abruptly taken away only for it to be replaced with a somewhat unfair welcoming to adulthood. One can infer that this is the real reason for his quest by analyzing how his uncle had forced the young boy to miss out on going to the bazaar to purchase a gift for a girl he daydreams about. One might call that a childish whim and his tardiness and inability to purchase the gift was symbolic of him being introduced to the "real world" and not always having things turn out the way he had hoped.
place to go
during the young narrator's quest is the bazaar.
A common, shared purpose of authors that appears time and time again throughout the literary canon and beyond is the desire to spread a certain belief or view through their writing. James Joyce's goal is no different in his short story Araby. This story can be analyzed in such a way that a reader can begin to see how Joyce used his characters and plot to illustrate the turmoil occurring in his native country of Ireland at the time. For example, Mangan's sister can be said to represent Ireland and one can infer, after taking into consideration the different elements of the story, that the boy's quest is made on behalf of his home country. The bazaar seems to combine elements of the Catholic Church and England, the two very things that Joyce blamed for Ireland's "paralysis". Just as Joyce thought that the church "brainwashed" its members, the bazaar seemed to have an "enchantment" over the young boy. However, when the boy shows up to the bazaar (the church) after it had "lured" him in, the church is empty and the remaining woman speaks to him in a tone that is "not encouraging" and is "clearly doing so out of a sense of duty". After picking up on these symbols in his story one can conclude that the boy's mission, or quest, for his idealized homeland was thwarted by the Irish themselves (the boy's drunken uncle), the church (the bazaar), and England.