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Top Ten Influential Leaders

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Nikolina Saric

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Top Ten Influential Leaders

Top Ten Most Influential Leaders of the 20th Century 10. Leon Trotsky 9. Nelson Mandela 8. Saddam Hussein 6. Winston Churchill Leon Trotsky played an important role in the foundation of the Red Army during the Russian Revolutions in 1917. He started off as a young revolutionary in Russia against the autocracy of the Tsar. He led Russia in the October and February Revolution alongside Vladimir Lenin. However, the party of Communists and their leaders had several disagreements as to how their party would be run. The Provisional Government (the Duma), which was the government set up after the October Revolution, was led by Alexander Kerensky, and was opposed by Leon Troksty. In November, Trotsky led the Bolsheviks to overthrow the Duma. After Lenin and the Soviet Union took over Russia, there was a power struggle between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky as to who would take over next. Stalin overpowered Trotsky and was killed on his orders. Criteria:
This leader...
1. Made a difference in a lot of people's lives
2. Influenced the country in some aspect (it might be positive or negative)
3. Known for something they did that changed the course of history
4. Had many followers and/or opposition. 7. Fidel Castro 5. Che Guevara 4. John F. Kennedy 3. Benito Mussolini 2. Joseph Stalin 1. Adolf Hitler Modern History Top Ten Assignment
Nikolina Saric
Mrs. Murdoch
CHT 30 Why Top Ten?

Leon Trostky makes the top ten most influential leaders list because he fits all of the four criteria: he certainly made a difference in a lot of people's lives because he essentially contributed a huge part in taking down the Russian Tsar and establishing a whole new form of government in Russia. The creation of the USSR completely changed life for every person in Russia: no more private ownerships, rich people lost fortune, poor people got better living conditions, people became equal.

Trotsky also impacted Russia in a very important way: whether it was positive or negative can be more based on opinion of ideologies. In my opinion he impacted Russia very positively because he brought down a rather harsh government and fought for a government that could fulfill the needs of all people.

Trotsky also fits criteria number three because he was known for everything that was described earlier: taking down the aristocratic government in Russia and playing a big role in helping the Reds take over Russia.

He also have opposition and followers. Trotsky himself was not very popular among politicians because he was said to be highly conceited, however as a leader people looked up to him, the people of Russia were for the idea of Communism, hence the revolution. Nelson Mandela was an anti apartheid, non- violent activist who fought for the equality and rights of black people. He became involved in the African National Congress in 1942 and started campaigns against racism in South Africa. In 1961, Mandela was blamed for using violent tactics and was arrested in 1962 and sentenced to jail for five years. Soon after he was accused to plotting to overthrow the government and was sentenced for life. However the influence that he had on people was too strong and he became famous throughout South Africa as a significant leader and symbol of resistance. They held rallies demanding his release. After his release in 1990, he was elected president of the ANC. In 1993 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Why top ten?
Nelson Mandela makes the top ten list because he changed not only African lives but brought about a new view for the entire world. He ended the apartheid and made the voices of African people be heard.

He positively influenced his country in every way: ended apartheid and gave black people rights, freedoms, equality.

His fight for freedom and basic human rights is what he fought for, and is what he is ultimately known for. He was also a great leader, activist, and revolutionary.

Mandela did have a lot of loyal followers and people that supported him. He was respected by everyone as a legacy. Saddam Hussein was the fifth president of Iraq, served from 1979 until 2003. Iraq, a country sitting atop 110 billion barrels of oil reserves, was brought up economically by Hussein. This was huge power in money in his hands, and also a huge threat to America. At a young age Saddam was orphaned and raised by his uncle, who was involved in the Iraq military forces. His uncle was strongly against Britain and their imperialism taking over Iraq. Hussein went to school in Egypt to learn about politics. Many sources claim that Saddam came to power in Iraq using torturous methods to exterminate anyone opposed to his ideology. At the age of 31, he already had a lot of supporters in government. He came to power in 1979, after the fall of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr (fourth president of Iraq). He supposedly gave lists of people in the Arab Ba'ath Party that need to be exterminated or that opposed him. Under his command also, Kuwait was invaded, and Kuwait was an oil rich country. In this battle, his military was weakened due to conflict UN intervention. In 2003, the USA and Great Britain, without the consent of the UN, arrested Saddam and hung him. To this day, Saddam is remembered as a murderous dictator. After his death, of course, democracy was established in Iraq. Fidel Castro was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who was the prime minister of Cuba from 1961 till 2011. Under his rule Cuba became a socialist state. He got a doctorate in law in a University in Havana. He was known for his nationalist and anti-imperialist ideology. After participating in armed rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he planned the overthrow of the United States-backed military of Cuban president Fulgencio Batista, and served a year's imprisonment in 1953. Castro led the Cuban revolution and brought down Batista, which became a concern for Eisenhower and JFK. They planned to remove him using economic blockade and counter- revolution attacks such as the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. To counter these threats, Castro formed an economic and military alliance with the Soviets, and allowed them to place nuclear weapons on the island, sparking the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Cuba became a communist, one party state after this. He was also involved in several foreign economic issues to bring down capitalism. He sent Cuban troops to fight in the Yom Kippur War, Ogaden War and Angolan Civil War.
In 2006, his health weakened and he gave his power over to vice president Raul Castro, who continued presidency. Why top ten?
Saddam Hussein makes the top ten list because during his rule he supposedly exterminated a lot of people during his rule. He also kept a tight grip over Iraq and majorly violated many human rights. He allowed zero opposition and kept his people powerless.

He influenced the country in a mostly negative aspect because he held such a cruel and tight grip on it as a dictator.

He was known by many for his dictatorship, and had much opposition. Rallies were held against him in favor of democracy and freedom. Benito Mussolini was a fascist dictator of Italy during World War II (1939- 1945). During the thirties, he was involved in aggressive politics alongside Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. In 1940, also alongside Germany, Mussolini led fascist Italy into war against the Allies. After several unsuccessful military attempts and American invasion in 1943, Mussolini lost his power and was imprisoned. However shortly after, the Germans assisted his release and Mussolini became dictator of Italian Socialist Party (PSI). He was dictator of Italy until the very end of WWII, until he was brought down by the anti fascist Partizans. He was imprisoned and shot using fire weapons in 1945, which brought down fascism and dictatorship in Italy.
As a child, Mussolini was a violent yet artistic child, he loved poetry, art, writing, and psychology. He got into fights often and was controlling and demanding. At age 19, he immigrated to Switzerland, where he got a job at a socialist printing company, where he greatly criticized the genocide of Armenians by the Turks. He was a revolutionary and socialist, strongly against the church and religion. After serving in WWI, his ideologies shifted from socialism to fascism. Why top ten?
Benito makes top ten (even top three), because he led created a powerful fascist country, which changed many people's lives. Like Hitler, he used propaganda to create an image of himself in order to gain followers and supporters.

He fits the second criteria because he influenced Italy in a very strong way: positive because Italy became powerful under his command, but negative because he ruled, like most dictators using fascism and a tight and harsh grip. He wanted to create a great and powerful European country.

He was known for his fascist rule of Italy and creating a regime of strong state control.

Like Hitler, Mussolini used propaganda to create a positive and powerful image of himself and what he hoped to make of Italy. He stirred up nationalism in people to gain support for his government. However, he was killed by Italian partizans at the end of the war. Che Guevara and Castro, in 1961. Both highly respected revolutionary leaders. "Marxism taught me what society was. I was like a blindfolded man in a forest, who doesn't even know where north or south is. If you don't eventually come to truly understand the history of the class struggle, or at least have a clear idea that society is divided between the rich and the poor, and that some people subjugate and exploit other people, you're lost in a forest, not knowing anything."
— Fidel Castro on discovering Marxism, 2009 Che Guevara was a young Argentinian communist revolutionary. He was a Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, military theorist and most importantly, a major figure of the Cuban Revolution in in the 1950s.
He started off as a young medical student, traveling throughout South America and coming face to face with the horrors of poverty. His wish was to overturn what he saw as the capitalist exploitation of Latin America by the United States. While living in Mexico city, he met with Fidel Castro and Raul Castro, and joined their 26th of July Movement, which was an organization to overthrow Batista regime of Cuba. He was an initial and important part of the Cuban Revolution. John F. Kennedy (smartest guy ever) was the 35th president of the United States. His father was the American ambassador to England, and therefore gave young Kennedy great opportunity for education at Harvard University. He enlisted in the US marines in World War II and fought in several battles. He was severely injured but considered a hero in America.
After that, at his father's suggestion, he became involved in politics and journalism. In 1947, he became a representative of the democratic party in parliament. In 1952, he became a senator in Massachusetts. In 1960 he became president of the US, winning the election against Nixon, following Dwight Eisenhower.
His goals as president were to establish equality, human rights, anti war, economic prosperity, progress in astronomy, and aid to countries in poverty. This was also around the time of the Cold War, where relations between USA and Russia was at its worst. The Cuban Missile Crisis, and conflicts in Vietnam and Korea were also happening. Kennedy established peace terms with Khrushchev of Russia, signing against the use of nuclear weaponry.
Kennedy's decision against intervening with affairs in Vietnam against the spread of communism was looked down upon by many Americans.
Despite his anti war ideology, Kennedy was loved and respected by many as an activist of peace, human rights, and equality. He was universally known and created a whole new outlook on war. This was a good thing for American people. Although the rich and powerful people of America were not so thrilled with his ideas of peace.
In November of 1963, JFK was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald (although this is still unsure) in Dallas, Texas. The United States House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) concluded in 1978 that Kennedy was probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy. Why top ten?
JFK made a difference in a lot of people's lives: essentially made life better for every American. People loved and supported him and saw him as a new positive change in America. He focused on human rights as his priority, which is already more than any president ever did.

He influenced America very positively. ^^

He changed the course of history by being one of the rare presidents to make and declare truces and peace rather than war. He essentially stopped what could have been a third world war using nuclear weapons, which was also how he fits the third criteria.

He had many followers and universally known and loved. However many politicians disagreed with him and saw him as a barrier to American success against communists. Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), from 1929 to 1953. He was born into a poor family with a rather harsh alcoholic father and a devoutly religious mother. At a young age he was highly controlling and interested in politics, particularly in socialism and the ideas of Karl Marx. Alongside Vladimir Lenin, Stalin overthrew the Provisional Government after Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown and killed, and became Commissar of Nationalities, a position that gave him extreme power over Russian people. Physical deformities (a source of shame to Stalin), left him unable to fight in the war, but he did play a big part in the civil war against the White Army and Tsarist autocracy in the Russian Revolution. As all other cruel leaders throughout history, Stalin had any of his political enemies killed, starting with Leon Trotsky: his opposition after Lenin's death. Stalin quickly overpowered Trotsky and led Russia with an iron grip.
He realized Russia was behind the world in industrialization, economy, and technological progression, so he created the Five Year Plan and collectivism, both plans to help industrialize Russia. Stalin was a cruel and harsh dictator, trusting no one but himself, and creating a harsh and cruel atmosphere in Russia: he killed or imprisoned anyone who in any way might oppose him, gave people no choice or say in government, and made himself a godlike figure that was to be respected by all.
He defeated Hitler in the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943, starting the downturn of the Nazis. Under his rule, Russia was also the second country in the world to successfully develop the nuclear bomb.
Stalin health gave away near the end of the Second World War, and died from stroke in 1953. He died a strong symbol of communism. Why top ten?
Stalin makes the top ten and top two list because he fits all of the criteria and with a influence. Most consider him a tyrannical leader because he ruled primarily with fear. He influenced a lot of people's lives because he kept such strict control over Russia: no one was allowed to oppose him or even slightly voice their opinion about the government or flaws of his leadership. He also killed many people that he considered were threats or were actually threats.

He changed the course of history and drastically changed Russia. He continued Lenin's rule with communism and was a big part in establishing the USSR. He took Russia out of the war and focused a lot on making Russia a more industrialized country. Some of his plans failed and others succeeded but the way he mostly changed the course of history and influence of people was his iron grip on Russia and use of propaganda. (Stalin meaning "steel"). Winston Churchill was a British politician and wartime leader from 1951-1955. He was part of parliament, a soldier, a journalist, historian, writer, and artist. Churchill was born into an aristocratic family, and was the grandson of the 7th Duke of Marlborough. He was a highly successful politician throughout World War I and World War II. he played a big role in WWII as opposition to Hitler and Nazism, and was an important part of the foundation of NATO and the the European Union. He was close with Franklin D. Roosevelt and therefore had good relations with the US. His life mainly consisted of political affairs and war. He wrote several books and was the son of an important political figure. Why top ten?
Churchill fits the top ten profile because he was such a significant political leader. Although he did not directly have a large impact on many people, as a leader he changed many peoples lives with the decisions he made. For example, with the creation of NATO and the European Union, he fits into all four criteria: changed people's lives, changed the course of history, influenced his country, and had many followers and opposition. NATO and the EU are still highly important today in the world as well, so not only did he inluence history, he impacted the future as well. Adolf Hitler was the dictator of Germany, creator the Nazi Party, and the Holocaust of those he considered his enemies. He created the Third Reich: a reign of terror and propaganda led by a totalitarian rule: himself. Hitler was a veteran of WWI, became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, and it was his goal to create a Greater Germany, filled with pure German people, free of disabled people, imperfect people, Jews, Romas, gypsies, homosexuals, communists, anti Nazis, and black people. He wanted his ideology to spread across Europe, and even the world. After successfully invading several European countries:
Poland (1939)
Denmark (1940)
Norway (1940)
Belgium (1940)
The Netherlands (aka Holland) - 1940
Luxembourg (1940)
France (1940)
The Channel Islands (UK depencencies) - 1940
Greece (1941)
Yugoslavia (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia) - 1941
Soviet Union (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia), bringing Germany up from the economically dead, and brainwashing people to the max, he was finally faced with opposition from the Allies: the start of WWII. With the kind of influence Hitler had over the world, it was obvious why he is number one on a list of top ten leaders. He was the absolute most influential leader in all of history. He influenced not only every person of his own country, but every person in the entire world. He exterminated around 11 million people in concentration camps, created an unstoppable army of murderous soldiers ready to kill anyone in their path. He was a genius of mind control and brainwashing. Through his powerful speeches and propaganda he created a frenzy, gave German people hope of a strong powerful country, which he did technically create, but with cruel ways. At first he had a lot of followers, he was Germany's only hope of being brought back into economic prosperity, however after people realized what he truly did (it was well masked), he lost many followers. Why top ten?
Castro makes the top ten because he influenced a lot of people's lives, particularly - as was his goal- people in poverty. With the creation of a socialist state, he established equality. He changed the government system completely, which fits the second and third criteria, and was certainly a popular revolutionary among people. He was respected and loved by other leaders such as Nelson Mandela, and was even a great inspiration to Mandela. Why top ten?
Che fits the top ten, because, like Castro, he established a new kind of government. He wanted to create human equality that wasn't segregated by status and wealth. He was an inspiring revolutionary to many people and the fact that he was so young greatly influenced people as well. He essentially played a huge role in bringing down Batista and changing the government in Cuba. Thus, changing the course of history.
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