Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Salem Witch Trials

No description
by

Rachael Thomas

on 18 November 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Salem Witch Trials

Not long after Betty and Abigail were diagnosed, other girls in the community expressed the same behavior. This included Mary Warren, Elizabeth Hubbard, and Mercy Lewis. In February three women were accused of witchcraft and were arrested. The accused women were elderly Sarah Osborn, homeless beggar Sarah Good, and Parris' slave Tituba.
It all began in Salem, Massachusetts, in January of 1692. Elizabeth "Betty" Parris and Abigail Williams, who were family members of Reverend Samuel Parris, grew ill and weren't improving. Their sicknesses caused them to have fits and scream loudly. The village doctor, William Griggs, diagnosed that the two girls illnesses were caused by witchcraft.
The superstition began in Europe in the 14th century and became widespread in the New England territory. The hard life of the community influenced the superstition too. The community's life included after war effects, fear of attacks from Indians, and a breakout of smallpox.
After Tituba's confession , everyone in Salem panicked. The panic spread throughout Massachusetts. They became incredibly fearful of the evil that was growing around them. They began fasting and praying in hopes the evil would be driven away.

More were accused of practicing witchcraft. A few were Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey. Both declined their involvement with the practice, but something strange happened during Martha's trial.
During Martha's trail, her accusers acted as if they were being controlled by an unseen power. The unseen power was forcing them to mimic Martha's movements. When Martha bit her lip they bit their lips. When Martha shifted her feet, they shifted their feet.
In May 1692, William Phips was appointed governor of Massachusetts. He ordered the establishment of a special Court of Oyer (to hear) and Terminer (to decide) for the witchcraft cases. This was applied to the counties of Essex, Middlesex, and Suffolk. The court's first convention was against Bridget Bishop on June 2nd. She was hung eight days later.
The trails continued for months. In July five accused people were hanged. Five more were killed in August and eight in September. Seven others died in jail. Martha's Corey's husband, Giles Corey, was pressed to death by stones.
Why did everyone believe the girls' behavior was caused by witchcraft? During the 1600s there was a strong belief in the devil's influence. They believed he could give supernatural powers to his followers. These powers would give humans the ability to hurt others. Those who possessed these powers were known as witches.
The three accused women were taken to court. They were questioned by judges Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne. The accusers even appeared and expressed screaming and spasms. Tituba confessed and claimed that there were other witches working with her.
Cotton Mather, a respected minister, had deep concerns about the witch trails. He warned of the doubting values of spectral evidence (a testimony about visions and dreams). His father, Increase Mather, joined in his son's concerns. Together they urged that the evidence of witchcraft needed to be equal to those for any other crime.
The Salem Witch Trials
By Rachael Thomas
11th Grade AP English
11/18/2014

Cotton and Increase Mather's argument gained public support. In October, Governor Phips closed down the Court of Oyer and Terminer. He gave authority to its successor to ignore spectral evidence. The intense trials continued until 1693. In May, Phips pardoned and released those who were currently in jail for the conviction of witchcraft. The Salem Witch Trials were over.
In January of 1697, the Massachusetts General Court declared a day of fasting for the tragedy of the trials. The court deemed the trials to be unlawful. Samuel Sewall, who had been a judge during the trials, apologized for his actions.
The Massachusetts Colony passed a legislation that restored the good names of the condemned. It provided financial restoration to their heirs in 1711. Sadly, the pain and sorrow lingered.
The legacy of the Salem witch trials was carried over into the the 20th century. In 1953, Arthur Miller published
The Crucible
. The book was based off the events of 1692 and was written in a play form. The book was very similar to the actual events, but a few small changes were made. In 1996, a film version was released.
Abigail Williams, Betty Parris, and John Proctor all had their ages changed in
The Crucible
.
Abigail was said to be seventeen years old, when she was really eleven.
John was portrayed to be in this thirties, but it has been said that he was really in his sixties.
Betty was only nine during the events, but is portrayed as a ten years old. However, this is only a year difference.

.
The book also states that Parris' slave Tituba is from Barbados when she was really from the Arawak Tribe in South America and was sold as a slave in Barbados.
John Proctor, Rebecca Nurse, and Martha Corey are all executed on the same day in
The Crucible
. They actually died on different days.


The first three to be accused of witchcraft were Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborn.
John Proctor, Rebecca Nurse, and Martha Corey were all executed by being hung.
Abigail Williams and John Proctor were having a type of affair during the 1690s.
Abigail also ran away from Salem when the trials began to end. It was rumored that she became a prostitute in Boston.
The Salem Witch Trials show what fear can cause humans to do. The people of Salem were very afraid of witchcraft. When something horrible happened, such as an illness causing strange behavior, they assumed it was caused by witchcraft. The people of Salem started killing those around them. They were so desperate to destroy the supposed evil that they didn't realize what they were doing. This event was quite tragic since it caused the unnecessary deaths of many.
Website and Book
Citations

Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Penguin Classis, 2003. 143. Print.

"The Salem Witch Trials, 1692." The Salem Witch Trials, 1692. "EyeWitness to History", 1 Jan. 2000. Web. 16 Nov. 2014. <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/salem.htm>.

"Salem Witch Trials." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 16 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/salem-witch-trials>.

"Salem's Most Visited Museum." Salem Witch Museum. www.salemwitchmuseum.com, 1 Jan. 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2014. <http://www.salemwitchmuseum.com/education/>.

Sameth, Nick. "Crucible vs Salem Witch Trials." Prezi.com. www.prezi.com, 30 Oct. 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2014. <https://prezi.com/0ybeul4b_2ko/crucible-vs-salem-witch-trials/>.
Photo
Citations

"The Salem Witchcraft Hysteria - Events, History, and Information - Page 3." The Salem Witchcraft Hysteria - Events, History, and Information - Page 3. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"The True Witches of Salem | Mallory McGrath." The True Witches of Salem | Mallory McGrath. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Salem Witch Trials Video." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.
"Tituba." Yasmine.Jaspinder:The Crucible. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Colonization of America." Colonization. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Indian Official Says Not Destroying Smallpox Could Increase Chances of Bioterrorism." BioPrepWatchcom. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Prayer Study to Begin Wed., April 30 from 7-8pm - Highlands United Methodist Church, Denver." Highlands United Methodist Church Denver. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"How Not to Feel Hungry When You're Fasting for Yom Kippur (or Anything Else) - Bon Appétit." Bon Appétit. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Salem's Most Visited Museum." Salem Witch Museum. www.salemwitchmuseum.com, 1 Jan. 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2014. <http://www.salemwitchmuseum.com/education/>.
"Woman-biting-her-lip « Endometriosis.org: The Global Forum." Endometriosisorg The Global Forum. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"22 September 1692 – Martha Corey." Execution of the Day. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"The Salem Journal: The People." The Salem Journal: The People. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"R&S." R&S. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"6. Salem Witch Trials | Stanford History Education Group." 6. Salem Witch Trials | Stanford History Education Group. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.
"Powerful Performances Make for Riveting Live Theater in ‘THE CRUCIBLE’ at DDHS." East PDX News RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Puritan." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Nov. 2014. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"New Boston Historical Society." New Boston Historical Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Salem Witch Trials Notable Persons." Salem Witch Trials Notable Persons. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Samuel Sewall." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Nov. 2014. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Salem Witch Trials Memorial - Salem, MA." Man Fuel a Food Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"The Crucible - NYC and The Department of Education's Mass Hysteria." Living Behind the Gates. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"The Crucible." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"FamousFix Photo: The Crucible." Who's Dated Who? N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Gallery For The Crucible Movie Betty." Gallery For The Crucible Movie Betty. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Barbados." Operation World. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Why Windmills Make Me Wander (and Wonder) by Ragman." Redbubble. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"Arthur's Choice the Sequel: Why Did He Take out Act 2, Scene 2?" Mrfrade11thgradeenglish. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
Full transcript