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Stylistics Week 8: Metaphor and Interpretation
Transcript of Stylistics Week 8: Metaphor and Interpretation
2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.
4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.
5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.
6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.
7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. John 15 What is a metaphor?
What does metaphor ‘do’ in language?
In what ways and to what effect can metaphor be used in literature? Activity 1 Read Simpson on metaphor (41-45 & 92-97).
Cameron on metaphor http://www.socialsciences.manchester.ac.uk/realities/events/dialogue/emotions/cameron-researching-emotions.pdf
Identify as many metaphors as you can in a short (or part of) a news article. Include the marked article (with metaphor underlined) and your own (300-500 word) commentary on the metaphor use (i.e. what it accomplishes in the text, what the relationships between the different metaphors are, etc.) For Seminar What metaphors do you see in the parable?
What is their meaning in the context of the story?
How does the YouTuber develop the metaphor?
How does the development of the metaphor affect the meaning?
What is the action of the metaphor in the development and how does it differ from the parable? Activity 2 Vehicle Development Cognitive
Key differences/ similarities Two views of metaphor The Pragglejaz MIP follows:
1. The researcher familiarises her/himself with the discourse data.
2. The researcher works through the data looking for possible metaphors.
3. Each possible metaphor is checked for:
a. its meaning in the discourse context
b. the existence of another, more basic meaning
c. an incongruity or contrast between these meanings, and a transfer from the basic to the contextual meaning.
4. If the possible metaphor satisfies each of the above, it is coded as metaphor, usually by underlining or listing. (Pragglejaz group, 2007, p. 3) Metaphor Identification http://wakefelderman.blogspot.co.uk/ Metaphor WEEK 8