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1848 Revolutions in Italy (without answers)

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by

Elisabetta Paoli

on 11 February 2016

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Transcript of 1848 Revolutions in Italy (without answers)

1848 Revolution in the ITALIAN STATES
The Revolutions of 1848
The Causes
Nationalist = united Italy, opposed ........... presence
demand for .........

forms of gov.
..................... difficulty


SICILY
-

SUCCESS: January - April, revolutionaries seized control of island.
Aim = independence from .............
Declaration proclaimed in .................
- Failure: Spring .......... forcibly united to Naples
Naples
SUCCESS
- From Sicily revolution spread to ..................
- King .................... forced = parliament and removal of press censorship
The Papal States
SUCCESS
- MARCH 1848 = popular disturbances
.'. Pope ........... granted constitution

-November 1848 Pius IX left Rome = Republic under ..................
Tuscany
SUCCESS
Republican government established in .............


PARMA & MODENA
SUCCESS
-RULERS OF BOTH
STATES DRIVEN
OUT OF THEIR
POSSESSIONS
FAILURE
- RULERS RESTORED BY ...........................
TROOPS

Piedmont
- SUCCESS
Charles Albert helped Lombardy
The End of the Revolution
in Europe
- By 1849
the forces of reaction were restored
= NO SINGLE NATIONAL STATE emerged; revolutionaries rejected across Europe.

REASONS:
REVOLUTIONARIES not ........................ :
Middle- class liberals once obtained vote, abandoned .................... ..............
working class little aware of ................... ......................
1847-48 harvests quite good. Once last remnants of feudal system removed, .................... not interested in revolution and .................... to urban revolutionaries
Nationalist groups not ................. and masses not affected by ........................

movements
Army's role = crucial = loyal to established ..............
.................
and France did not help the revolutionaries
CONSEQUENCE
Conservative

a
nd reactionary political order in Europe until ................... ................... .........




FAILURE
In .....................

1848 = rising suppressed,
FAILURE
- Troops from France and Naples crushed ................. Republic.
June 1849 the ............. was retored.
FAILURE
- ................ troops restored Grand Duchy of Tuscany
VENETIA
SUCCESS
-Republic proclaimed
22nd ........... 1848

FAILURE
- Venice ............ by the Austrians in 1848 and finally surrended in ............ 1849

LOMBARDY
Success
- Rising in Milan agst Austrian occupation.
- Austrian garrison was diriven out of ....... during the "5 days" (......... March)
-A provisional government was set up.
-Lombardy received help from ................
Failure
Restored to Austrians in ...................1848
- FAILURE
Piedmont defeated by ................ at ........... in July 1848.






In March 1849 Charles Albert
restarted the war but
was defeated at .............
Full transcript