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Go Greek or Go Home
Transcript of Go Greek or Go Home
From these books we extract several components that are relevant to virtue ethics
#1 “Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim”
What is good for something depends on the function of something.
"the aim of the medical art is health, ship building is to a vessel, that of strategy victory, that of economics wealth" (Aristotle).
A communications student aims for education, but the student must be virtuous, in his studies, to ever achieve this good.
#2 "Every human activity ought to aim at "some good (it agathon)" (Aristotle).
We understand that the ending may not be good, however one should aim for good.
#3. "Every human activity aims at some end (telos)" (Aristotle).
Aristotle explains that "telos is the ultimate end or good". One should strive for Telos , such as in a career , projects or education. From a more comprehensive view one would seek to achieve telos by life ends.
Go Greek or Go Home:
What would Aristotle do?
"Go Greek or Go Home"
Ethical Dilemmas versus tough decisions
Virtue and Nicomachean ethics
Virtue Ethics Theory
having moral or ethical quality
choosing to be morally right and good
moral excellence, goodness, and righteousness
Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
"Is universally known , and understood, to be a person who demonstrates admirable character. Whom in return will ultimately make sound decisions. As a result of having admirable character one will make sound decisions that are presumed to be ethical in any given situation" ( Neher . pg17 ).
make sure to reference direct quotes and cite paraphrasing and she said we have to VERBALLY cite 5 sources in the presentation!
"A universally accepted way to define and outline virtue ethics, is by analyzing the ideology of one whom exhibits virtue ethics," says Socrates.
“Will not knowingly commit evil towards another” (Neher.pg 17).
Virtue ethics is guided not by a set a rules, but by the way that someone lives.
Virtue ethics does not provide rules on how to determine a situation and its out come.
Virtue ethics calls for a person to will act righteously and appropriate in a situation.
People that may exhibit virtue ethics:
a physician, nurse and a police officers.
We are to assume that these people genuinely care about the safety and concern of people, and that they will not knowingly commit evil. They are trusted to make sound decisions based upon their good character.
Chen, J. (2015, February). Virtue and the Scientist: Using Virtue Ethics to Examine Science’s Ethical and Moral Challenges. Science and Engineering Ethics, 22(1), 75-94.
"The Nicomachean Ethics :: Book I." The Nicomachean Ethics :: Book I. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2015.
Cudney, William W., and Anonymous. "Create Surveys, Get Answers." Free Online Survey Software by SurveyMonkey: Closed Survey. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.
"Aristotle Interesting Facts." N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2015.
Aristotle, and H. Rackham. The Nicomachean Ethics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard U, 2003. Print.
Voytinsky, Michael. "Utilitarianism as Virtue Ethics." Utilitarianism as Virtue Ethics. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
A clearer and more universal understanding of ethics can help to solve complex ethical dilemmas, and thus can help to eradicate activities that are clearly destructive.
Off campus frats
"Stefano finds that some of his fraternity brothers are not the kind of guys he really wants to hang around with"
"...several others both publically and privately show disrespect towards women..."
"...hostility between the brothers..."
"the imposition of strenuous, often humiliating, tasks as part of a program of rigorous physical training and initiation" (Google.com).
Locked in dark basement
Instructed to finish keg of beer
Forced to stay awake all night
Ethical Dilemma definition (Google.com)
Decision definition (Google.com)
Ethical Dilemmas versus Tough Decisions
To allow yourself to be hazed/
To haze someone.
Compromising your Values
Respect of others
To be hazed or choosing to not be hazed
compromise of values
self damaging is not virtuous
locked in a closet
drinking a keg of beer
forced to stay awake
allowing people to slap you
Dis-respect towards women is not virtuous.
This genius was born in 384 BCE in Northern Greece.
He had a son named Nicomachus who died in a battle.The Nicomachen Ethics are thought to be named after his son.
Spent ten years tutoring Alexander the Great.
Aristotelian philosophy greatly influenced both Christian and Islamic religious thought.
Aristotle founded the new science called "causality,” a science which explained why things happen.
Aristotle in a nutshell.
Utilitarianism in this situation can't work as well because:
“it fails to provide an adequate account for distinguishing between different means towards ends, regarding only ends as having moral worth," said Michael Voytinsky.
Utilizing Aristotelian reasoning makes it possible to condemn ethical dilemmas associated with hazing.
What should be done to prevent this?
This was not a difficult question for our group to answer.
We all agree we would not join, or stay in the Frat given Stefano's situation.
Furthermore, we believe there are viable solutions to the problem of hazing.
Before suggesting a solution, our group wanted to find if the said dilemma was as "common sense" for others as it was for us.
Quantitative research: Six questions. College students. 71 participants.
"Being hazed is usually being forced to do something you are not ok with, so I believe that is disrespecting yourself. Also, if frat members do stuff such as disrespect women and you are not ok with that then you should leave the frat since you don't fit in with them. It's like going to college and studying a major you dislike but staying in that major."
Those who answered very important may be susceptible to hazing abuse due to their desire for social acceptance.
"People can make friends and get great jobs without being in a frat."
Family's acceptance is more significant than social acceptance. Thus, parental pressures can also be more powerful in motivating one to join a frat, even despite their values.
"I would do pretty much anything in the name of fun and romance. These questions sound harmful taken out of context, but it's just youth being young. Nothing wrong with it. It doesn't matter the consequences either. Death and happiness are vague terms. Am I happy now or later? Dead now or when I'm old?"
It appears most people value self respect, and few would compromise their health and dignity to join a frat.
"Frats sure are helpful BUT SOME just go too far to be a member, to me when joining a frat is to make friends and get connections later for your career but it's not worth being mistreated, I rather find other connections on my own."
Hazing has a negative connotation, but "depends of the hazing" responses seem to not see hazing as completely negative.
"I would just tell my employer I was taking the day of, I wouldn't fake a note. Unless there was some super important rule that you couldn't miss work for any reason besides sickness."
Many may lie to themselves or others if they can get away with the lie.
"I would only join a frat when I got to a point where binge drinking and date rape would be improvements to my life."
Most people would agree with our group, and refused to join or stay in the frat.
...At a government legislative level, and thus in society.
...On college campuses, and thus help to eradicate hazing
on moral grounds.
...A stronger understanding of ethics can help people to overcome pressures to commit to self-destructive behavior.
Given the facts, our solution is simple:
Aristotle would say that this
is unethical because...