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E4: The Canterbury Tales

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john meehan

on 25 November 2012

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Transcript of E4: The Canterbury Tales

The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - 1400) "The Father of English Literature" The Pardoner's Tale The Wife of Bath's Tale The Prologue The Black Plague
1348-1350 Beowulf
8th-11th century The "Middle" Ages: Fall of the Roman Empire
476 A.D. Anglo-Saxon England
6th - 11th centuries Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
c. 1350-1400 King Arthur
stories written
1148 Life of King Arthur
5th-6th century 5th - 15th centuries (a.k.a. "The Medieval Period" and/or "The Dark Ages") Canterbury Tales
Published
1475 Book of Kells
c. late 700s A.D. Magna Carta
1297 30 Travelers on their way to Canterbury 2 tales told by each person
on each way of the journey
( 60 + 60 = 120 tales in all) 23 Tales were completed by Chaucer's death 1 narrator + 29 pilgrims at the Tabard Inn Chaucer intended to finish The Pilgrims: The Prologue: STUDENT STORY SHOWDOWN Students will submit ORIGINAL stories of no more than 300 words. Winner gets a FREE gift
card. Each student will submit FOUR stories. All submissions will be turned in online as homework, then presented (anonymously) in front of class. Each round will have a new topic. Topics will be assigned 2-3 days in advance. Stories can be from your own experience ("non-fiction") or of your own creation ("fiction"). Round 1: 24 stories presented, 12 winners
(6 voted on by students, 6 by teacher) Round 2: 12 stories presented, 8 winners
(4 voted on by students, 4 by game) Round 3: 8 stories presented, 4 winners
(2 voted on by students, 2 by teacher) Round 4: 4 stories presented, 1 winner Friday, Nov. 9 Tuesday, Nov. 13 Friday, Nov. 16 Tuesday, Nov. 20 Students who compromise anonymity in class are automatically disqualified. First major author to write in the vernacular. (a.k.a. "the everyday language of the people.") Sample story excerpt: A "family memory" story that invites the audience to keep reading... Direct Characterization An author (or narrator) gives direct examples or descriptions about a character's physical, emotional, or psychological traits. Indirect Characterization an author tells what a character looks like, does, and says, as well as the way other characters react to him or her.
The reader must draw conclusions about the character based on this indirect information She was rich. Example: She wore a 14 carat diamond necklace. Example: VS. Thanksgiving Break HW Write your own verse form tale using a familiar persona or social class from the modern day. Must be submitted to Edmodo by Tuesday, Nov. 27. You can write about any persona you'd like, but it must include: direct characterization
indirect characterization
rhyming couplets
10 lines or more 1. Knight
2. Squire
3. Yeoman
4. Nun
5. Monk
6. Friar
7. Merchant
8. Oxford Cleric
9. Sergeant at the Law
10. Franklin
11. Haberdasher
12. Dyer
13. Weaver
14. Carpetmaker
15. Cook
16. Skipper
17. Doctor
18. Narrator
19. Chaucer
20. Martyr a. Carries peacock feathered arrows
b. Meets the pilgrims at the Tabard Inn
c. A garment-maker. Friends with the dyer
d. A shrewd and intelligent lawyer
e. One who sacrifices their life for their faith
ab. Has an ulcer on his knee
ac. Author of "The Canterbury Tales"
ad. Wants to be the alderman of the dyer's guild
ae. A poor scholar who loves to read
bc. A religious man obsessed with hunting
bd. Old-fashioned word for "clothing salesman"
be. Owns "The Maudelayne"
cd. a Prioress who was obsessed with manners
ce. Loves music and sex
de. The pilgrim's resident physician
abc. Loves food even more than any cook
abd. Only hears confessions if you pay him
abe. A battle-tested Christian warrior
bcd. A representative of the carpeter's guild
bce. Has a forking beard and motley dress He and a gentle Pardoner rode together,
690 A bird from Charing Cross of the same feather,
Just back from visiting the Court of Rome.
He loudly sang “Come hither, love, come home!”
The Summoner sang deep seconds to this song,
No trumpet ever sounded half so strong.
695 This Pardoner had hair as yellow as wax,
Hanging down smoothly like a hank of flax.
In driblets fell his locks behind his head
Down to his shoulders which they overspread;
Thinly they fell, like rat-tails, one by one.
700 He wore no hood upon his head, for fun;
The hood inside his wallet had been stowed,
He aimed at riding in the latest mode;
But for a little cap his head was bare
And he had bulging eye-balls, like a hare.
705 He’d sewed a holy relic on his cap;
His wallet lay before him on his lap,
Brimful of pardons come from Rome, all hot.
He had the same small voice a goat has got.
His chin no beard had harbored, nor would harbor,
710 Smoother than ever chin was left by barber. I judge he was a gelding, or a mare.
As to his trade, from Berwick down to Ware
There was no pardoner of equal grace,
For in his trunk he had a pillow-case
715 Which he asserted was Our Lady’s veil.
He said he had a gobbet of the sail
Saint Peter had the time when he made bold
To walk the waves, till Jesu Christ took hold.
He had a cross of metal set with stones
720 And, in a glass, a rubble of pigs’ bones.
And with these relics, any time he found
Some poor up-country parson to astound,
In one short day, in money down, he drew
More than the parson in a month or two,
725 And by his flatteries and prevarication
Made monkeys of the priest and congregation.
But still to do him justice first and last
In church he was a noble ecclesiast.
How well he read a lesson or told a story!
730 But best of all he sang an Offertory,
For well he knew that when that song was sung
He’d have to preach and tune his honey-tongue
And (well he could) win silver from the crowd.
That’s why he sang so merrily and loud. What do we know about the Pardoner? What is the most memorable "teaching" fairytale or children's story from your childhood? What makes it memorable? verbal irony situational irony Irony as a direct result of what is said.

What is said is the exact opposite of what is meant.
(a.k.a. sarcasm)

example: (while standing in a freezing room)

"Boy, it's hot in here!" Irony as a direct result of the situation.

The outcome is the total opposite of what is expected.

example: ("The Gift of the Magi" by O. Henry)

Della cuts and sells her long hair
to buy Jim a pocket watch chain.

Jim sells his prized pocket watch
to buy a set of combs for Della's hair. dramatic irony Irony as a direct result of dramatic staging and events.

The character thinks they know everything, but the audience knows more than the character.

example: ("I'll Make a Man Out of You" from Mulan)

Mulan disguises herself as a man to join the army, and Li-Shang sings a song insisting that he'll make a man out of the new recruits because (he believes) the army is no place for women. Three main types of irony IRONY an inversion of expectations that is used for comic (or tragic) effect. Can a HYPOCRITE deliver a "moral" message worth hearing? “But let me briefly make my purpose plain;
I preach for nothing but for greed of gain
And use the same old text, as bold as brass,
Radix malorum est cupiditas.
5 And thus I preach against the very vice
I make my living out of—avarice.
And yet however guilty of that sin
Myself, with others I have power to win
Them from it, I can bring them to repent;
10 But that is not my principal intent.
Covetousness is both the root and stuff
Of all I preach. That ought to be enough.
“Well, then I give examples thick and fast
From bygone times, old stories from the past.
15 A yokel mind loves stories from of old,
Being the kind it can repeat and hold.
What! Do you think, as long as I can preach
And get their silver for the things I teach,
That I will live in poverty, from choice?
20 That’s not the counsel of my inner voice! No! Let me preach and beg from kirk to kirk
And never do an honest job of work,
No, nor make baskets, like St. Paul, to gain
A livelihood. I do not preach in vain.
25 There’s no apostle I would counterfeit;
I mean to have money, wool and cheese and wheat
Though it were given me by the poorest lad
Or poorest village widow, though she had
A string of starving children, all agape.
30 No, let me drink the liquor of the grape
And keep a jolly wench in every town!
“But listen, gentlemen; to bring things down
To a conclusion, would you like a tale?
Now as I’ve drunk a draft of corn-ripe ale,
35 By God it stands to reason I can strike
On some good story that you all will like.
For though I am a wholly vicious man
Don’t think I can’t tell moral tales. I can!
Here’s one I often preach when out for winning;
40 Now please be quiet. Here is the beginning.” What is the one thing in the world that women want more than anything else? Serious and mature answers only. This will be graded. Is the Wife of Bath a HEROIC character or an IRONIC character? Use evidence from the text to defend your thinking in a well-reasoned academic paragraph.

Bring your findings to tomorrow's class for discussion. This will be graded using ClassDojo. please write a paragraph in which you answer this writing prompt: Men are better than women. This is obvious. Without men nothing would get done. Think of all the successful people who are both sane and helpful to society. nine times out of ten a man is the first thing that comes to mind. However women are useful for keeping the world alive. Without women we would all be dead, so I guess they are a little useful. Thank God for women. Tom, the popular senior at his private Catholic high school. Although Tom isn't exactly a jock, he is still pretty good looking. Most of all, he is one of the most liked out of all of the guys in the senior class because of his amiable and genuine approach to both the best of his friends and the strangers he meets. However, Tom has never had the best of luck when it comes to girls. Tom, being the good guy that he is, is bothered by this fact and doesn't understand why girls always leave him for another guy who will just end up hurting them. Tom would never hurt any girl.

What Tom doesn't realize is that girls go for the guy who they think is best for them. They can't predict which guys will hurt them and which will treat them with the respect that they deserve. He also isn't aware of the chance that he's picking the wrong girls. Maybe he goes after the girls who will end up hurting him. There's a chance that there is a girl who would be good for Tom, who he just hasn't had the opportunity to get to know. That girl wouldn't hurt Tom. Students Sound Off on Men and Women (*honorary mentions*) 37607 Number: Name: Poll Everywhere Create a new cell phone contact: Example: When I was driving to the Redskins game
I met a man and asked him "what's your name?"
"My name?" said he, while loosten'ing his tie.
"Perhaps it'd be more fun to guess. Now try!"
I stared at his tweed jacket and tan pants
And saw he carried an iPad, by chance.
His ink-stained fingertips were colored red
And deep creases of thought criss-crossed his head.
Thus judging by the man's looks and his features
I smiled and said "sir, you are a teacher."
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