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Infancy

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by

nurin m. zaki

on 12 December 2016

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Transcript of Infancy

INFANCY
BY,
DHARSHYINI A/P SIVANANDA
EVERNESSAH EVA DOMINUS
NURIN ATIQAH M. ZAKI
INTRODUCTION
stageS of
infants and their nutritional needs

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NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY
2016
breastfeeding vs formula feeding
nutrition
deficiency

0-6
months
7-12
months
0-6 MONTHS = must be breastfeed exclusively
7-12 MONTHS = breastfeed + formula feed
After 12 MONTHS = breastfeed + formula feed + first food (cereals + porridge + vegetables)
Recommendation for
infants feeding
by AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics)
3. PROTEINS
- Vital for the building of infant's body tissue, including repair and development.
- Strengthens infant's muscles and Perform specialized functions in regulating body processes.
*The protein requirements for infants are much more than adults as they are growing rapidly and developing new protein tissue.
Sources: breast or formula milk for infants 0-6 months, Fish, yogurt, pure meat and eggs.
0-6 months: 9.1g/day
7-12 months: 11g/day
MACRONUTRIENTS
after
12months
Micr0nutrients
Why Is Good Nutrition
Crucial to the infants?
1. Promotes Babies’ Growth and Development
2. Protects Babies from Diseases
4. Promote Early Good Eating
Habits
1. CARBOHYDRATES
- Supports infant's growth and development
- Enhance infant's metabolism.
Sources: Breast milk, Formula milk, Dairy products, whole grains, cereal, vegetables.
0-6 months: 60g/day
7-12 months: 95g/day

2. FATS (
omega-3 DHA
)
- Provide the required nutrients for infant's normal brain development
- Facilitate infants in absorbing the essential vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Sources: Breast milk, yogurt and eggs.
0-6 months: 31g/day
7-12 months: 30g/day
MACRONUTRIENTS
1. VITAMIN A
- Formation and maintenance of healthy skin, hair and mucous membranes.
- maintain immune systems.
Source: Breast milk, Egg yolks, Fruits
0-6 months: 400μg/day
7-12 months: 500μg/day
How moms feed their newborn babies is actually a crucial nutritional decision they make for their child.
Adequate nutrition during infancy is essential for the infant's lifelong health and well being. The nutrients received by the infants depends on mom's first feed decision.
NUTRITION FOR INFANTS
New moms always have a lot on their minds, including serving up the best foods for their babies.
So, mom's first feeding decision is crucial in order to Make sure their baby is fed properly.
3. Promote brain development - aid learning process
Omega-3 DHA
Why Omega-3 Fat is So Important for Babies?
* DHA = docosahexaenoic acid
- Omega-3 contain a powerhouse of nutrients to ensure that the baby will develop properly and reach its highest potential. These nutrients help to maximize the development of infant's brain, Thus protect the baby from brain injuries such as autism and pervasive developmental delay.
*Found in Breast Milk, Formula milk and fish oil
Their nutritional decision
will determines the baby's Growth, health and lifestyle in the upcoming future.
Deficiency of macronutrients
CARBOHYDRATES & PROTEINS
- Stunt the growth of the infants.
- Failure in regulating body process of the infants

- Failure in building infant's body tissue, including repair and development.
FATS (OMEGA-3 DHA)
- Infant's brain unable to develop completely
- Cause brain problems such as autism and pervasive developmental delay.
deficiency of essential vitamins
VITAMIN A
VITAMIN K
VITAMIN B12
MINERALS
1. IRON (ZINC)
2. CALCIUM
- Enhance blood formation.
- Assists in wound healing
sources: breast milk, Cereals
0-6 months: 4mg/day
7-12 months: 5mg/day
- Bone and tooth development.
- Blood clotting.
- Maintenance of healthy nerves and muscles.
Sources: Breast milk , formula milk
0-6 months: 210mg/day
7-12 months: 270mg/day
- weekened immune system - high risk to develop diseases
- excess bleeding when injured - failure of blood clotting
- Unhealthy blood cells
- nervous system failed to function
Breast milk is proven to have higher content of nutrients compared to Formula milk. But, infants still need formula milk after 6 months.
Moms play an important roles in providing a sufficient nutrition to their babies.
Insufficient nutrition will lead to several disease and eventually lead to death.
MICRONUTRIENTS
2. VITAMIN K
- Efficient blood clotting.
Sources: Formula milk, Leafy vegetables
0-6 months: 2.0μg/day
7-12 months: 2.5μg/day
3. VITAMIN B12
- Healthy blood cells and Proper functioning of the nervous system.
Sources: Breast milk, Meat, Dairy products

0-6 months: 0.4μg/day
7-12 months: 0.5μg/day
VITAMIN
Baby First Food
Moms play the most important roles in providing a sufficient nutrients for the babies. babies' future lifestyle is depends on mom's first feed decision during early birth.
CONCLUSION
INTRODUCING THE BABY TO THEIR FIRST FOOD
- Should start at least after six months and
at most at 12 months
-Can start with mashed or soft cooked fruit and vegetables, sweet potato and baby rice or cereal
mixed with your baby's usual milk
INFANTS FOOD PYRAMID
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