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The Tudors and the Stuarts
Transcript of The Tudors and the Stuarts
First Political Parties
The Tudor Age
Supported merchants and small landowners;
Avoided wars with Scotland and France;
Built a fleet of merchant ships;
Left the Treasury £2 million full.
Spent money on entertainment.
The Act of Supremacy
) made the King Head of church.
England and Wales
(England administered the law,
A Glorious Period
James VI King of Scots
Had a strong belief in
the divine right
asked to share the right to discuss home and foreign policy.
Had to sign
the Petition of Right
Was able to rule without Parliament for 11 years.
A new law stated that
had to meet at least once every three years.
Monarchy and Parliament
1642 – 1645
was supported by most of the
House of Lords
was supported by the
, by most of the
On 30 January
Charles I was beheaded.
1649 – 1660
Britain was a republic.
The House of Lords and the Anglican Church no longer existed.
dissolved Parliament and became Lord Protector.
The Civil War and Interregnum
William of Orange
was invited to invade Britain.
Parliament was more powerful
than the king (the Bill of Rights,
unable to raise taxes
keep an army
without the agreement of Parliament, or
act against any MP
for what he said or did in Parliament.
the Act of Settlement
kept the throne for the sisters.
, the Catholic daughter of Catherine of Aragon, got the nickname “Bloody Mary”.
The queen proved to be a good diplomat (Reformation, religious disagreement).
Followed the ideas of her grandfather.
Mary “Queen of Scots”.
was defeated by the English ships .
Encouraged English traders to settle abroad and to create colonies.
During the Tudor period
wasn’t very popular.
16 century - the
was further developing.
“The Golden Age of Elizabeth”.
It was also the period when the
in England flowered (
Christopher Marlowe, Edmund Spenser and William Shakespeare