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PHOBIAS

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by

Ale Barbosa

on 24 January 2016

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Transcript of PHOBIAS

PHOBIAS
What is a phobia?
A phobia is an intense fear of something that, in reality, poses little or no actual danger.
Not every word ending in "phobia" means a fear of something
Social phobias affecting nearly 3% of the world’s population.

More women than men are affected.

Only 23% seek treatment .

40% of them begin before the age of 10, while 95% start before the age of 20.
examples
Around 400 phobias
70 are being analized

Nearly
15-20%
of us experience specific phobias at least once in our life.
In the U.S., nearly
8.7%
of people (aged
18
and over) have at least one extreme specific fear
Nearly
25 million Americans
report having the fear of
flying phobia.
The part of the brain called
amygdala
is responsible for triggering specific phobias
The majority of these patients do not seek treatment for these phobias. Of those who do, only
20% recover completely.
Over 50 million people in the USA and 10 million in the UK are thought to live with a phobia.

The National Institute of Mental Health estimated in 2011 that between 8.7% and 18.1% of Americans of all ages suffer from phobias.

A much higher percentage of women suffer from phobias than men.

Simple phobias usually start early on in life - during childhood, and often go away by the time the person reaches late teens.


"Photophobia" means sensitivity to light. For example, if you have conjunctivitis or a migraine your eyes may be particularly sensitive to light. This does not mean the person is afraid of light. One of the symptoms of rabies is hydrophobia, which is the inability to drink water.

Non-psychological phobias
Discrimination or prejudice
Some words which include the word "phobia" do not refer to fear, but rather to prejudice or discrimination. Homophobia is not an uncontrollable fear of homosexual people; it is a dislike, a discrimination against them. Some older people may dislike youths or teenagers (ephebiphobia). Xenophobia is a dislike of strangers, foreigners or the unknown.
Specific phobias (simple phobias)
Involve a disproportionate fear about specific situations, living creatures, places, activities, or things. Examples include a fear of:

- Dentists (dentophobia)
- Bats (chiroptophobia)
- Dogs (cynophobia)
- Flying (aviophobia)
- Snakes (opidiophobia)
- Birds (ornithophobia)
- Frogs (ranidaphobia).

Social phobias facts
kakorrhaphiaphobia (Failure)
Thanatophobia (Die)
Zelotypophobia (Jealousy)
Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia (Number 666)
Cherophobia (Happiness)
Dermatopathophobia (Skin disease)
Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia (Long words)
Algophobia (Pain)
Paraskavedekatriaphobia (Friday 13th)
Gynophobia (Women)
Didaskaleinophobia (Going to school)

Treatment
Self-help strategies and therapy can both be effective.
Phobia treatment tip 1
: Face your fears, one step at a time
Phobia treatment tip 2
: Learn relaxation techniques
Phobia treatment tip 3
: Challenge negative thoughts
Causes
Genetic and environmental factors
Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder
Distressing events
Exposure to confined spaces, extreme heights , animal or insect bites
Sensation of uncontrollable anxiety
A feeling that at all costs, the source of that fear must be avoided
Unable to function properly
Unable to control their feelings

Panic and intense anxiety, which may include:

- Sweating
- Abnormal breathing (panting, trying to catch your breath)
- Accelerated heartbeat
- Trembling
- Hot flushes or chills
- A sensation of choking
- Chest pains, chest tightness
- Butterflies in the stomach
- Pins and needles
- Dry mouth
- Confusion and disorientation
- Nausea
- Dizziness
- Headache

A feeling of anxiety when is simply thought about
Children may cry, become very clingy, attempt to hide behind a parent's legs or an object, or have tantrums.
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