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Chinese Brush Painting

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Melinda Hsu

on 10 March 2013

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Transcript of Chinese Brush Painting

In early imperial times, painting was one of the most highly appreciated arts
Produced almost entirely by amateurs Mainly aristocrats and scholar-officials with leisure time to perfect the skills for great brushwork. Figure painting flourished Reached height of elegant realism during Southern Tang
Consisted of fine black outlines, brilliant colors, and intricate details Many paintings were landscapes Purpose: not realism, but to grasp an emotion/atmosphere following rhythm of nature Expression of landscape paintings changes Blurred outlines: distance
Mountains disappearing into mist Painting emphasis: spiritual qualities and presentation of inner harmony of man and nature by artist
Yuan Dynasty: Painters combined poetry and calligraphy into their paintings to express artist's feelings 13th Century: Developed painting of simple subjects
Qing Dynasty: Painters known as Individualists went against traditional painting; created free brushwork
1800s and 1900s: Chinese painters exposed to Western art Developed into two styles: blue-and-green landscapes and ink-and-wash landscapes
Buddhism, Confucianism and early Taoism reflected in these paintings
Expresses relationship between man and nature Developed in Tang Dynasty
Meticulous and Freehand styles
Expresses varieties of natural life and their existence in harmony with man Focuses on human activities and daily life
Painters strive to reveal inner qualities of person rather than simply outer
Depicts human society and interpersonal relationships Soft Brushes -Made of fleece
-Take time to absorb liquid
-Main uses: Flowers, leaves, and animals; soft wide strokes
Firm Brushes -Sometimes referred to as wolf brush
-Made of ferret, bear, or fox hair
-Main uses: Branches, stems, trees, and calligraphy
-Stiffer brushes made of pig bristle, badger, or horse hair/tail; used for landscape and figure work
Mixed-fiber brushes -Made of soft and stiff hair
-Used for combined effect of strength and grace Ink -Usually supplied in stick form
-Stick prepared from pine or tung-oil soot; often highly decorated and vary in size
-Ink for painting made by grinding ink stick on ink stone and adding water
Ink Stone -Carved from slate or stone
-Vary in size and shape
-Best to have a lid Paper -Xuan paper is the special material for traditional Chinese painting
-Absorbency varies
Silk -Generally used after being treated with alum and glue
-Less absorbent than paper
-Treated silk: meticulous style
-Raw silk: freehand style Used to add color
Classified as transparent or translucent
Transparent colors made of plant pigments
Translucent colors made of mineral pigments Q 1. What was reflected in landscape paintings?
a.) Buddhism
b.) Confucianism
c.) Taoism
d.) All of the above
e.) None of the above

Q 2. Soft brushes are used to paint:
a.) Landscapes
b.) Branches, stems, and trees
c.) Flowers, leaves, and animals
d.) People
e.) None of the above
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