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Chapter 2: Elements of Rhythm

Tonal Harmony

Seth Gardner

on 9 September 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 2: Elements of Rhythm

Stem goes up if below the middle line
Stem goes down if above the middle line
Stem on the middle can go either direction, but copyists consistently put a downward stem
Meter: A pattern of beats
Bar line: Separates measures
Stems and Beams
Chapter 2: Elements of Rhythm
Duration of Symbols
Beat: basic pulse of music

Tempo: Rate at which the beats occur
Beat and Tempe
Tie: curved line that connects two notes, creating a new duration that is equal to their sum

Dot: Adds half the value of the note
How do you tell a tie and slur apart?
Notating Tempo
M.M. stands for?
Maelzel's Metronome
Identifying meter is a matter of interpretation rather than right or wrong.
Self-Test 2-1
Division of Beat
Durations shorter than the beat
Simple Beat: Two equal parts
Compound Beat: Three equal parts
Self-Test 2-2
Simple Time Signatures
3 = Numbers of Beats in a Measure
4 = What note gets the beat
Time Signature: Symbol that tells the performer how many will occur in each measr, what note represents the beat and whether the beat is simple or compound
Time Signatures
Division of the beat in three equal parts
The top number of a compound time signature will always be 6, 9 or 12...why?
Self-Test 2-4
More Duration Symbols
Syncopation: Rhythmic figures that stress normally weekbeats or divisions
Grouplet: Division of an undotted value into some number of equal parts other than two, four, eight, etc. or a dotted value into some number of equal parts other than three, six, twelve.etc.
Beams are used to connect durations shorter than a quarter note. The stem direction of beamed notes is decided by the note that is farthest from the middle line.
Self-Test 2-5
Extra Meter Examples
Full transcript