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shimaa yasin

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of Motivation

Types of Motivation
Referring to the behavior that arises from physiological needs , that cause internal drives to push the organism to satisfy the needs and reduce tension and arousal .
"Motivation is what gets you started , Habit is what keeps you going!"
Motivation : Driving force that makes us act and is dependent in environment , feelings , moods , needs and wants .
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action because it leads to an outcome that is separate from or external to the person
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action because the act itself is rewarding or satisfying in some internal manner.
Psychological needs
Need for Achievement
Involves a strong desire to succeed in attaining goals .
Receive regular feedback on the progress and achievement of an individual .
Need for Affiliation
Need to feel a sense of involvement and belonging within a social group .
It creates connections and establish relationship with others.
Need for Power
It is the need to have control and influence over others
Status and recognition are an important part of this need
Arousal Theory
Incentive Aproach
Theory of motivation in which people are said to have an optimal level of tension , in relation to the level of stimulation.

It is sometimes true that there is no physical need present , yet people still react as if they did have a need .
Hedonic need
Utilitarian need
(Higher level need)
(Lower level need)
My law hierarchy
The problem with this theory is that behaviors are not always motivated purely by physiological needs.
Primary Drives
Secondary Drives
Understanding approaches to motivation

Instinct Approach
People are motivated to behave in a certain way because they are evolutionary programmed to do so .
Is the tendency of an organism to maintain its physiological systems at a stable , steady level , or equilibrium , by constantly adjusting to changes in internal or external stimuli .
Drive reduction:
Emotion is a feeling which has characteristic of arousal , specific behavior and the inner awareness of the feelings .
There are 7 different type of emotions
Did you know emotions are associated with our brain!

Ex1) Jamal gets a new toy for every good grade on his report card in his first grade. toys are providing Jamal with ?
Ex2) Shonita works at a day - care center . The pay is low and the hours are long , but she loves being around children and has no desire to look for a higher paying job . Shonita's motivation appears to be ?
Can Human Instincts Be Controlled ?
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