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Copy of RADIO- HISTORY AND CULTURAL IMPACT

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Deborah Admre

on 2 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of RADIO- HISTORY AND CULTURAL IMPACT

RADIO- HISTORY AND CULTURAL IMPACT
Development of Technology
Physics based, uses electromagnetic waves
Slowed by patent problems
Took off in the early 1900s because of...
WWI (The Great War)
U.S. Navy took control of patents
Used for point-to-point communication (like a telegraph)
Soldiers trained in Signal Corps retained knowledge about and interest in radio, bringing the ideas home
Created basis for...
Radio Broadcasting
Point-to-many model
First in-home mass media
Developed during strong post-war economy of the 1920s
Advertising was a way to pay the bills- commercials
Federal Radio Commission created to cut down the number of overlapping stations on the few frequencies
National programming provided by three national networks
(This family was probably
paid to look this happy)
The Depression
Radio, like everything else, suffered
Professional performers from other fields turned to radio
Quality of the programming improved
George Burns and Gracie Allen
Types of Programming
News
Talk
Music (a wide variety otherwise unavailable)
Situation Comedies
Soap Operas (original to the genre)
WWII
Radio news became very important
Live coverage of the war
World leaders could be heard
Commentators
Explained the news
Became known personalities through their style and voices
Newest form of celebrity
Prime Time
People developed the habit of listening to radio in the evenings as a family
Average: 4 hours a day
Usually in early evening
The Glorious Invention!
(And Death of Radio's Golden Age)
Television quickly replaced radio
Sept. 30, 1962- two major shows went off air
"Hardly anyone in America noticed; they were too busy watching television." (Bray)
What Radio Left Behind
TV
Sitcoms
Soap Operas
Variety Shows
Episodes!
Prime Time
The Commentator as Celebrity
What Radio is Today
Interactive Talk
Customizable Music
Minute-by-Minute News
In-Car Traffic and Weather
Citations
Bray, Hiawatha. "Tuning in to the end of radio’s golden age, 50 years ago."
Editorial. Bostonglobe.com. Ed. Jason Tuohey. Boston Globe, 29 Sept. 2012.
Web. 31 Aug. 2013.
Full transcript