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Transcript of Maganda
solid waste Water not used for drinking Community willingness
to participate community outside formal structures low literacy level Scenario General Planning Principles
Identify social organisation of community
Understand social and political relationships
Identify stakeholders and their wants and needs
Work closely with community based organisation
Role of the NGO is to extend community group/citizens’ organisation
Integrated sustainable program comes from good governance
Create community ownership of the plan and empowerment through this Key Constraints and Risk Factors Technical: human resources, expertise for planning and operation, local and national plans
Financial: no taxation, no budget allocation, state support, continuity/sustainability of service
Institutional: Maganda is an informal community, no legislation, lack of defined responsibilities/ accountabilities, coordination among aid agencies
Economic: weak economic base, lack of local industry, resources (i.e. machinery)
Social: social status of waste workers, disrespect, low work ethics, need for education and awareness Community Engagement - Stakeholders - People's organisation: probably fairly well representative of long-term residents
- Short-term residents
- Women and children
- Adjoining settlements
- NGOs in the area
- Any other community organisations (youth groups, churches, mothers groups)
- Local leaders
- Local municipality
- State government
- Other people using the canal eg. for fishing, transport. Community Engagement - Focus groups – platforms for discussion amongst women and other small scale community groups
- Group meetings (with local leaders and representatives of the people’s organisation)
- Community forums –open to all and community led with guidance from a facilitator
- Other participatory methods include:–casual conversations and daily interactions and engagement with children Education Connection with the
formal community Waste Management Principles
Promoting development education processes in order to get all stakeholders involved to create a shift from awareness raising to behaviour change to commitment campaigns or contests.
Focusing on capacity building for local residents to equip them:
Socio-economic skills through incremental approach Abbott 2002
Political skills through social learning process and community agency building (Beard 2002) or social capital (Abbott 2002).
It also means capacity building to incorporate micro-planning practices into regular planning.
Creating and strengthening mutual understanding and co-learning among stakeholders via relationship building and dialogue. Help local people both short term rent and long term resident to have access to land market, access to housing mechanisms and mortgages and credit system, access to business, access to information and so on
Attract local and international investment into this area and nearby areas
Upgrade local community services such as health care, education.
Identification of waste streams, waste segregation, and end use options
Reduce dumping sites, management of pollution (air and water from leachate)
3 levels of management
Waste generation Creation of Maganda Eco Waste collection Rangers waste management Waste disposal/reuse cooperative Waste Composition Different waste compositions show need for different management approaches
Our approach is tailored to the Maganda community, the waste generated, and what is a feasible local solution Project Sustainability Community participation: community involvement in planning, implementing and monitoring projects, ownership
Capacity building: training and decision making
Finances: – collective trust and income generation
Resources:– very few needed
Visible results: – sharing successes Implementation Monitoring Evaualuation Planning Budget Proposal 1. Community development grant (administration) $50 000
2. Community development (education) $10 000
3. Community development (projects) $20 000
4. Community development (contingency) $ 5000
5. Community development (community contribution in form of labour, time, materials to be determined) $ 85 000 World Case Studies - Brazil – Grito dos Excluidos national movement with 500 cooperatives
- Manila – Linis Ganda eco-aides
- Indonesia – who will be paid, collect waste. Local trainer provides some services. Clear responsibility structures
- Kampala, Uganda – small plastic container buy-back program. Waste recovery
- Malawi – community engagement References Wilson, C., Velis, C., Cheeseman, C. 2006 ‘Role of informal sector recycling in waste management in developing countries’, Habitat International, 30, 797-808.
Medina, M. 2005 ‘Co-operatives benefit waste recyclers’, Appropriate Technology, 32(3), 53-59.
Ogawa, H. 1998, ‘Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries’, paper presented to the 7th ISWA International Congress and Exhibition, Yokohama City, 28-31 October.
UNEP – solid waste management as a major concern and part of Agenda 21 <http://www.un.org/esa/dsd/susdevtopics/sdt_wastsoli.shtml>
10,000 Villages – Fair trade cooperative in USA and Canada <http://www.tenthousandvillages.com/home.php>
Botes, L. and D. v. Rensberg (2000). "Community participation in development: nine plagues and twelve commandments." Community Development Journal 35(1): 41-58.
Chambers, R. (1995). Poverty and Livelihoods: Whose Reality Counts?
Connell, D. (1997). "Participatory Development: An Approach Sensitive to Class and Gender." Development in Practice 7(3): 248-259.
Desai, v. and R. B. Potter, Eds. (2002). The Companion to DEVELOPMENT STUDIES. London, Arnold.
Lee, Y.-S. (1998). "Intermediary Institutions, Community Organisations, and Urban Environmental Management: The case of three Bangkok slums." World Development 26(6): 993-1011.
Santos, B. S. (1998). "Participatory budgeting in Porto Alegre: toward a redistributive democracy." Politics and Society 26(4): 461-510.
End use options
Income generating opportunities and job creation
Resource recovery and environmental improvements
Empowerment and organisation
- Resource recovery
- Recycling options for aluminium (often well developed informally and seldom recognised, supported or promoted by municipal authorities)
Potential buyers of material