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Transcript of Visuals ONLINE
Write down these steps!
How to Make Charts
Good Pie Charts?
Don’t use more than 8 wedges
Do clump smaller wedges into a single “other” wedge
Do make sure your wedges equal 100%
Do put the largest slice at the 12 o’clock position
Move clockwise with increasingly smaller wedges
Do label each wedge, horizontally
Do give percentages
Don’t use colors that blend together
Do make sure each wedge is clearly represented
Pie Charts Do’s and Don’ts
Great visual for general audiences
Allows reader to see clear relationships between the parts
And in relation to the whole
Types of charts:
Why Use Charts?
Write down these instructions!
How to Create a Graph
Do keep the scale consistent
i.e. don’t switch from minutes to days
Keep increment steps consistent
i.e. 0-1 years, 2-3, years, 4-5 years...
Graph Do’s and Don’ts
Graphs are numbers turned pictures
Simple line graph
Why use Graphs?
Anything that’s not a table is a figure
Charts (pie, bar, organizational, flow)
Figures are usually easier to read
A little less technical
How’s this table?
Can fit lots of data into one visual
Why Use Tables?
Don’t insert a visual before a discussion of it
place visuals close to where they are mentioned
Don’t collect all your visuals in an appendix
Inserting Visuals Don’ts
Do discuss the significance, projections of your visual
Inserting Visuals Do’s
Easier for international audiences
80% of our learning comes from things we see
Graphics and Visuals
Tables are a professional way to relay information
Figures are more for general audience and help better illustrate information
Translate numbers into visuals
Decide which visual is best for your Investigative Report
Also lets you show changes over time
Horizontal Bar Chart
Visual with bars, horizontal or vertical, representing information
Can use the same info from the Pie Chart to convert it
A full circle of information, broken down into percentages (wedges) of that whole
Also know as circle charts
More than one dependent variable on the Y axis
Degree and direction of change for 3 variables:
Multiple Line Graph
X and Y axes to present information
Usually to illustrate degree and direction of change
Clearly label X and Y
EX: X date, Y Musical Qualities
Simple Line Graph
Write down these steps!
How to Create a Table
Do number tables as they appear in the text (Table 1, Table 2)
Do keep your table on one page
Do use descriptive titles to show what’s being represented
Do arrange data vertically, for readability
Do round off numbers to the nearest whole
Do include only numbers relevant to your discussion at that time
Do give credit to source
Don’t use more than 5-6 columns
Tables Do an Don’ts
Tables and Figures
Anything that isn’t a table is considered a figure
Types of Visuals
Chapter 6: Using Visuals
Do take the photo from a proper distance
Don’t cut off important elements, or be too far away the detail is lost
Do select a proper angle
Usually straight on, in full view
Do crop out unnecessary details
Do provide a sense of scale
Like the tennis ball, or a person
Do always ask for permission when photographing strangers and places
Photograph Do’s and Don’ts
Helps compare sizes
Why Use Photographs?
Most visuals will be ones you make or scan
Include visuals only when relevant
Use in conjunction with writing
Experiment with appearance and format
Pie chart v. line chart, etc.
Should explain itself
Don’t cram visuals onto a page, or stretch to pixelate
Making Visuals Work for You
Do mention in the text that your are including a visual
Tell readers where it is found
Do give visuals titles and numbers (ex: “Favorite Zombie Pastimes”, Figure A)
Incorporate it into a lead-in sentence
EX: As you can see in Figure 2, Zombies only have two favorite pastimes.
Do place visuals close to the first mention
Do put the visual directly in the text, if it fits
If not, do have it on its own page immediately following (or facing) its introduction
Do use an appropriate size
Tables are flat surfaces held up by 4 or more legs
Or they’re visuals with parallel columns of information
Easy comparison of data
3. Select boxes (don't forget side and top extra rows)
5. Enter Information
Left Row: Independent Variable (Methods of staying awake)
Top Row: Dependent variable (fall semester v spring) or (Morning Classes, Afternoon Classes, Evening Classes)
table works best...
to look up individual values
compare individual values
if the data must be shown precisely.
Don’t use more than 3 lines (variables to measure)
Do label each line to identify what is represents: on the graph itself is best
If that's confusing, use a key/legend
Do keep each line distinct with colors/symbols, dots, dashes, etc.
3. Select "Line"
4. Pick Style
5. Hit "Okay"
Left column--add info you're testing (Where to by textbooks)
Other columns--independent factors (prices)
Select Type (i.e. pie)
Left column: info being studied
Top row: Title
Do make sure slope isn't deceiving:
Project Schedule (Gantt) Chart
a visual progress report
1 horizontal bar per major task (extend to show due date)
Vertical grids for each reporting period
You'll be able to create any visual to enhance your reports
...so you can present your findings in myriad ways