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Human origins in Africa
Transcript of Human origins in Africa
5 major world religions
The first four world empires
Early river valley civilizations
2660 B.C Egypt's old kingdom developed
1750B.C Hammurabi develops code of laws for Babylonian empire
1750 b.c Indus valley civilization declines
1027 b.c Zhou dynasty forms in china
Early human beings left Africa over 1 million years ago
Humans have incredibly low genetic diversity
You may be part Neanderthal
The human population crashed about 80,000 years ago
Humans navigated the Indian ocean in boats 50,000 years ago
The fossils of early humans who lived between 6 and 2 million years ago come entirely from Africa. Most scientists currently recognize some 15 to 20 different species of early humans. Scientists do not all agree, however, about how these species are related or which ones simply died out.
The Nile valley in Egypt had been home to agricultural settlements as early as 5500 BCE, but the growth of Egypt as a civilization began around 3100 BCE. A third civilization grew up along the Indus River around 2600 BCE, in parts of what are now India and Pakistan.
While Wicca might seem like an ancient religion -- and has roots in European fertility cults -- it actually wasn't introduced until the 1950’s.
In Buddhism, Nirvana isn't a place reached through death but is instead a state achieved through enlightenment, which can sometimes take multiple reincarnations.
In Catholicism there are patron saints for nearly everything including beekeepers (Saint Ambrose), headaches (Saint Bibiana), and coffee (Saint Drogo).
For Hanukkah, menorahs burn through 44 candles -- adding one candle each of the 8 nights, plus the "shamash," a candle used to light the others each night.
The three "main" gods (aka the "trimurti" or "three forms") worshiped by Hindus are Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva the destroyer. There are also many more gods and goddesses ("devas" and "devis") that are also acknowledged.
For Ancient Egypt, the years between 1000 BC and 500 BC were ones of decline and foreign occupation.
For a time the kings were able to hold things together by co-opting leading provincial families as allies of the royal family through marriage ties and grants of hereditary privileges. The inevitable result of these policies, however, was further fragmentation of power, exacerbated by divisions within the royal family itself as different princes contended with each other. Rival principalities emerged within Egypt’s borders.
The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between 800 B.C. and 500 B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history. Archaic Greece saw advances in art, poetry and technology, but most of all it was the age in which the polis, or city-state, was invented.
In the context of the art, architecture, and culture of Ancient Greece, the Classical period, sometimes called the Hellenic period, corresponds to most of the 5th and 4th centuries BC (the most common dates being the fall of the last Athenian tyrant in 510 BC to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC).
The Ancient Greek golden age occurs under the leadership of Pericles in the 5th century BCE. These achievements were mainly confined to the city-state of Athens, where a strong economy and good government created the conditions necessary for such advancements.
Empires in east in east asia
The middle ages
Tang rulers revive civil service examination system
• Theoretically, exams open to all men, even commoners
• Practically, only rich can afford necessary education to take exam
• Growth of bureaucracy cuts power of nobles
• Mongol rulers are tolerant of other peoples, cultures
• Some Mongols adopt local ways, leading to split among khanates
World war 1
World war 2
The cold war
476 AD – 1500
1300 – 1600
1517 – 1648
July 28, 1914 – November 11, 1918
September 1, 1939 – September 2, 1945
1947 – 1991
Middle Ages Facts. In European history, the Middle Ages, or Medieval period, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.
A second group views the Renaissance as the first two to three centuries of a larger era in European history usually called early modern Europe, which began in the late fifteenth century and ended on the eve of the French Revolution (1789) or with the close of the Napoleonic era (1815).
Renaissance art is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of that period of European history known as the Renaissance, emerging as a distinct style in Italy in about 1400, in parallel with developments which occurred in philosophy, literature, music and science.
The Renaissance Period (1350-1550) was the transition period between the Medieval Era and the modern world. The word renaissance means "revival" or "rebirth". The Renaissance began in Florence and spread to the rest of Europe. It took place in the Late Middle Ages, and spanned the 14th to the 17th century.
The Reformation is one of the most profound processes of change in Europe of the sixteenth century. Intense criticism of the Church of Rome led by the pope resulted in various reformational currents and the formation of several Protestant church reformations.
In the beginning of 16th century, many events occurred that lead to the protestant reformation. Clergy abuse caused people to begin criticizing the Catholic Church. The central points of criticism were the following: The church sold tickets of indulgences (forgiveness) from sins for money.
WW1 Facts for Kids. World War I began on June 28, 1914. World War 1 was triggered on 28 June 1914 by the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife Sophie. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was the nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the throne of Austria and Hungary.
The two dates most often mentioned as "the beginning of World War II" are July 7, 1937, when the "Marco Polo Bridge Incident" led to a prolonged war between Japan and China, and September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, which led Britain and France to declare war on Hitler's Nazi state in retaliation.
Growing out of post-World War II tensions between the two nations, the Cold War rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union that lasted for much of the second half of the 20th century resulted in mutual suspicions, heightened tensions and a series of international incidents that brought the world’s superpowers to the brink of disaster.