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Lunar Settlement

Gabriela Tessier, Makala Jarquin, Roman Cisneros and Cesar Gomez

Gabriela Acacia

on 7 October 2012

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Transcript of Lunar Settlement

By the USO's Lunar Settlement 6th Grade What type of rocket do we need? Where are we going to land? There is no atmosphere on the Moon, so how can we breathe and grow food? What about trash and other human waste? Having greenhouses can provide us with food and fresh air. The Moon is covered with rocks and sand, which is not fertile. So we will have hydroponic gardens. Hydroponic gardens are gardens that can grow plants that grow in water nutrients instead of soil. Over time, we could make soil with worm farms. The worms would eat our trash, which would be biodegradable and we would use our excrement body waste to fertilize the soil. The night and day cycle on our base is 27.3 days. We wouldn't have sunlight half of the time, and direct sun contact would wither the plants, so we would have to use artificial lights at night. We would also have to protect our plants from extreme temperatures, so we'd need a heater and a cooler. The structure of the greenhouse would have to withstand the micro-meteorites, so we would build the greenhouse partially underground and cover it with Moon rocks and dirt. Where would we get fresh air and food, and what will we do with our waste? How will we communicate to the Earth and back? What do we do for power? Where would we get water? How do we get around? Liquid water cannot persist at the Moon's surface, and water vapor is quickly decomposed by sunlight and lost to outer space. However, scientists have since the 1960s conjectured that water ice could survive in cold, permanently shadowed craters at the Moon's poles. So why should there be water on the moon? Simply because of the same reason there's water on Earth. there is a famous theory that water is made of hydrogen and oxygen and was deposited mostly during a period of "late heavy bombardment" 3.9 billion years ago--by the impacts of comets and asteroids. Because the Moon shares the same area of space as Earth, it should have received its share of water as well. However, since it has only a tiny fraction of Earth's gravity, most of the Moon's water supply should have evaporated and drifted off into space long ago. Most, but perhaps not all. We would find the water that still remains and collect it in a tower which would be just the right temperature to maintain liquid water. It is essential for the Moon to communicate with the Earth for vital reasons. First, we would need to communicate for resources that we are running out of or that we need on the Moon. For example, if our water supply is running out, it is important that we can alert the Earth quickly. Also, it would be important to keep close communication with the Earth, so if a tricky problem arises we cannot solve, we would have to ask Earth to help us. Another reason to communicate with the Earth is to call relatives and friends. Remember: a happy crew makes happy work!
Our materials need to be strong and light, and the tower would need to be tall. The tower would be a microwave transmitter, and the materials would need to withstand the Moon's harsh environment and it would have to be light to be able to travel through space. If the city that we want to communicate is on the far-side of the Earth, then we would use satellites to send the signal. How are we going to get to the Moon? Using a rocket! This rocket needs to stand straight up, be big to fit all the passengers, and it has to go fast. Most rockets go 17,000 miles per hour (27,400 kilometers per hour). Talk about speedy! Even though our rocket travels that fast, it might take 3 days to get to the Moon. The rocket also needs to be able to withstand the enormous amounts of pressure that press against it when leaving the atmosphere. Moon to Earth!
Are you there? Earth to Moon!
Copy that. We can use solar panels on the moon for power. We can use solar panels because they use light energy from the sun. That makes it generate electricity through the whole lunar base. Each panel holds 100-300 watts of power. Only a limited amount of power is in one solar panel, so that is why we need multiple solar panels so we could get the power that we need. Look at the diagram below for more details about how solar panels work. What kind of house would we stay in? :( NASA would think of using metal to make the design of the lunar house. It is a three-story home, which looks like three tuna cans stacked up together. Inside, there would be a hygiene area, a kitchen, an eating area, two bedrooms and a recreation room. The recreation room can be used as a gym, a workshop and for other activities. And, as a special feature, there is a working full-color TV and an AM/FM radio system! On the Moon, we don't use cars like on Earth. We use MOON BUGGIES! These buggies are specially made to withstand the Moon's rough terrain. You can run over rocks without the wheels popping or becoming flat. Also, we need mining buggies, too. The mine buggies dig up things that are buried in the Moon's dirt, like hydrogen in the form of polar water. Believe it or not, people can make lots of money off this. Using our "dollars and sense" (pun intended), we can dig up the hydrogen and use it to supply the colony with water. Vital nutrients are scooped up when mining. So, we can use those vital nutrients to fertilize the greehouse plants (see slide 6). Earth might want some lunar soil, so why don't we get them some? There is no atmoshpere on the Moon, and with 1/6 of the Earth's gravity, the Moon provides a challenging place to land a space shuttle, probe, or rocket. Using a single downward-thrusting jet engine to maintain the illusion of lunar flight, while smaller motors allows the rocket to manuver. Neil Armstrong, the first man on the Moon, described landing as "trying to stop a downhill putt on a fast green.'' For our lunar base, we have a flat area where the rocket can land safely. The rocket pilot can see the yellow glowing lights that greet him and say, "Land here! It's safe!'' Hope you Enjoyed!!! Here we are San Moonego, Vallis Bohr Prezi Credits
TYPED BY: Cesar Gomez and Gabriela Tessier
QUESTIONS ANSWERED BY: the USO's Hope you enjoyed!!!! Class Credits:
Mr. Morales, Science, Period 5 NAME CREDITS:
The USO's ™ is a
trademark of the "Science Project,'' by Gabriela Tessier, Cesar Gomez, Makala Jarquin and Roman Cisneros
Full transcript