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10.4 The Late Middle Ages

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by

Louis King

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of 10.4 The Late Middle Ages

Pg. 333- 10.4
The Late Middle Ages

The Black Death
The Plague Spreads
Bubonic plague was the most common form of the Black Death

Spread by rats infested with fleas carrying a deadly bacterium

Italian merchant brought plague from Caffa, to Black Sea, and Sicily in 1347

Plague followed the trade routes

Population of European was 75 million and about 38 million people died between 1347-1351

Hit the crowded cities- 50-60% of people died

Germany and England villages disappeared
King Philip IV of France
Ferdinand and Isabella
of Spain
Middle Ages in Europe reached its height in 13th century

14th century- Catastrophic changes took place= BLACK DEATH

Most devastating natural disaster in European history

People were horrified by the plague, an evil force they could not understand
"Father abandoned child, wife abandoned husband, one brother abandoned another."- One observer
Social and Economic Consequences
God punishment for their sins or have been caused by the devil

Extreme reactions= outbreak of
anti-Semitism
-hostility toward Jews

Some towns, Jews were accused of causing the plague by poisoning town wells

14th deaths led to economic consequences=
Trade declined,
shortages of workers caused a dramatic rise in the price of labor
Decline in number of people lowered the demand for food, resulting in falling prices


Pope Boniface VIII
VS.
After the Death of Gregory XI

Cardinals selected a new Pope in Rome named Urban VI

5 months later, they believed their election was invalid and chose a Frenchman as pope

Two popes (Avignon and Rome)

Great Schism
Church council in Constance,
Switzerland
John Hus
Led a reformation to end corruption of the clergy and excessive power of papacy
The Hundred Years' War
The War Begins
13th century- French vs English fighting for land

King Philip VI of France zeized Gascony in 1337, the Duke of Gascony (King Edward III of England declared war

It lasted until 1453

Turning point in the nature of warfare


First Battle of Hundred Years' War
at Crecy in 1346
England vs France= English were victorious
Joan of Arc
Political Recovery:
Rulers had financial problems
Unable to produce male heirs

Western Europe:
France was exhausted
King Louis XI developed a strong French State
Nicknamed "Spider" for devious ways
Strengthened the use of
taille- annual direct taz
King Louis XI- 1461-1483
England's own civil conflicts
10.3- Review
What does the word
university
come from and mean?

Where did the first university?

What is curriculum and
lecture
means what?

Theology?

What is vernacular? What is our vernacular language?

Difference between Romanesque and Gothic architecture?
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