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Transcript of ACTS
Why Acts is important
Acts is the only biblical book that chronicles the
history of the church immediately after Jesus’s ascension*
. It provides us with a valuable account of how the church was able to grow and spread out from Jerusalem into the rest of the Roman Empire. In only three decades, a small group of frightened believers in Jerusalem transformed into an empire-wide movement of people who had committed their lives to Jesus Christ, ending on a high note with Paul on the verge of taking the gospel to the highest government official in the land—the Emperor of Rome.
The question which is being asked by Theophilus (a Gentile-Christian) and those with him is, “How is it that Christianity is primarily Gentile in nature if it came from Judaism?”
Luke writes Luke/Acts to argue that the Christian Gospel is not anti-semitic, but is rooted in the Hebrew Scriptures’ promise of salvation to both the Jews and the Gentiles. . They are the
of the promises to Israel. The reason it is primarily Gentile in nature is because the Jews rejected the message of Jesus as Messiah, and pushed the church out.
Judas and Silas sent to deliver a message by word of mouth.
Message involves diet restrictions and forewarnings
Went out into the gentiles that were converting into believers to strengthen their knowledge/ spread the word
Got in a disagreement and parted ways but still fortified the churches even after that
What does this tell us about gospel and friendships within it?
Acts is significant for chronicling the spread of the gospel, not only geographically but also culturally. It records the transition from taking the gospel to an exclusively Jewish audience—with Peter preaching to a small group in the Upper Room—to the gospel going out among the Gentiles, primarily under the ministry of the apostle Paul. The transition is best illustrated by Peter’s vision in which he heard a voice telling him, “What God has cleansed, no longer consider unholy” (
ACTS 10:15 What does this mean?)
This led Peter to then share the gospel with many Gentiles.
Acts ends abruptly with Paul imprisoned in Rome, waiting to bring his appeal before Caesar. It is worth noting that in this history of the early Christian church, Luke mentioned neither Paul’s death (AD 64–68) nor the persecution of Christians that broke out under Nero (AD 64)
Similarities in Luke and Acts
Paul's ministry as an apostle is validated in Acts by a comparison with the apostle Peter. They both heal a lame man (3:1-10 and 14:8-10), and heal others-Peter heals the sick with his shadow (5:15, 16) and Paul heals the sick with his handkerchiefs and aprons (19:12). Both were recipients of jealousy from the Jews (5:17, 13:45), confront sorcerers (8:9-24, 13:6-11), raise people from the dead (9:36-41, 20:9-12), and were imprisoned and
delivered from jail (12:3-19, 16:25-34)
2:4; 4:8, 31;1 9:17; 13:9 52
The title of the book of Acts is theorized to have been written and compiled by luke, it comes from the Greek word
, a word often used in early Christian literature to describe the great deeds of the apostles or other significant believers.
This title reflects the contents of the book, which include a series of stories chronicling the lives of key apostles (especially Peter and
) in the decades immediately following Christ’s ascension into heaven.
Luke’s identification as the author of this work was unquestioned throughout ancient times. It shows a clear progression from the gospel according to Luke, picking up where that book left off.
Luke's gospel originally had a prologue that mentioned that Luke was first a follower of the apostles until the days he began getting close to Paul, which is exactly how Acts unfolds, beginning with Peter ending with Paul.
Luke probably finished the book of Acts before these events, estimated to be around 60-62 AD
Timeline and Context
Luke even began to speak in the first person plural in the latter portion of Acts, as he traveled the Roman Empire alongside Paul
Acts 1-12 Has to do with the ministry of Peter in Jerusalem and Samaria. The gospel began with Peter teaching small groups in the upper room (1:13-15). Mary the mother of Jesus was there.
The holy spirit is mentioned
Luke also makes it clear that Christianity was not a threat to the Roman Empire through "the demonstration that Christian preaching does not impinge upon the power of the empire."  The Jews accused the Christians of "defying Caesar's decrees" and "saying that there is another king, one called Jesus" (17:7). Prior to the ascension, Jesus' disciples asked him if he was going to restore the kingdom to Israel (1:6).
He told them that it was not for them to know the times or dates that were in the Father's authority, but told them that they would receive power from the Holy Spirit to be his witness to the whole world (1:7, 8).
Acts is the second longest book in the new testament and the first is Luke.
The name “Theophilus” literally means “loved by God,” but carries the idea of “friend of God.” This has led some to believe that “Theophilus” is just a generic title that applies to all Christians. However, from the context of Luke and Acts, it seems clear that Luke is writing to a specific individual, even though his message is also intended for all Christians in all centuries. While both the Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts have applications for all Christians, they were probably written to a specific individual whom Luke addresses as “most excellent Theophilus” (Luke 1:3).
Luke addresses him as “most excellent,” a title often used when referring to someone of honor or rank, such as a Roman official. Paul used the same term when addressing Felix (Acts 23:26; Acts 24:2) and Festus (Acts 26:25). Therefore, one of the most common theories is that Theophilus was possibly a Roman officer or high-ranking official in the Roman government