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How the Loyalists Changed the face of Quebec

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James Freire

on 21 May 2015

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Transcript of How the Loyalists Changed the face of Quebec


The Legal System

Quebec
Property was governed by the French Civil Law
Property could only be leased from the Crown, under the seigneurial system
They were allowed to live and work off the land, but could not profit from selling it


U.S.

Property was governed by the English Civil Law
Land could become your private property
You could sell and profit off your land if you improved it
This is called the
Fr
eehold System

Differences in laws Between Quebec and U.S. (1700s)
How the Loyalists Changed the Face of Quebec
How the British
Changed the Legal system in Quebec
Eventually, the British decided to change the system of law in Quebec, so they passed the Constitutional Act which took effect in 1791. The Constitutional Act introduced many major changes like Quebec divided into two parts who will each have Lieutenant Governor; the Church of England got profits of money from Christians in Canada.
It divided Quebec into two parts, Upper Canada, which contained the Ottawa River area to lakes Ontario, Erie, and Huron, while Lower Canada contained the parts of New France from the eastern edge of Canada to the Ottawa River.
PRESENTATION
ELEMENTS
Summary: We look at the differences between Quebec and the U.S. (1700s) with James and then Calum and Paul show us how the British changed the system in Quebec. Interested? we bet you are, so let's get to it!
Credits:
James Freire: Page 101 Designer/Finalizing
Calum Coppack: Page 102 Path Editor/Testing
Paul Toqueboeuf: Page 103 Pictures/Video Finalizing
First houses of parliament in both Canada
How the British changed the
geography of Quebec
Other changes made by the English
How the British
Changed the
Face of Quebec

Differences in government between Quebec and U.S.


Differences in Government between Quebec and the U.S.
Quebec:
A council was appointed by the Governor
They passed laws and ran the government
There weren't any elections

U.S.:
Practices varied, but all colonies had elections
The people voted for who they wanted as representatives to run the government and pass laws
How the British
Changed the Geography
of Quebec
John Graves Simcoe was a British army officer and the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791 to 1796.
Lieutenant Governor
of Upper Canada.

Existing first nations grants
of land were not available
for settlers to move into.
This picture depicts a Loyalist collecting taxes in the 1700s.
Quebec:
Roman Catholics (legally) had to pay a tithe (a tenth of their earnings) to their local church
If they refused they could be imprisoned
The Roman Catholic Church was the only church that received any support.

U.S.
All churches competed on an equal scale
You weren't legally required to pay taxes to your church
No church was favored more by the government than another
Differences in Church Support Between the U.S. and Quebec (1700s)
This is the first house of parliament of Upper Canada. It was built for the
Monday, September 17th 1792 at Newark [now called Niagara-on-the-Lake]
map of Canada before and after the English change the geography
How the British
changed the legal
system in Quebec
Freehold System:

Private ownership of
land rather than
leasing from the Crown

Lieutenant Governor
of Lower Canada.
This picture shows the first Lieutenant Governor of
Lower Canada: Guy Carleton (b. 1724 - d. 1808)
This is the first house of parliament in Lower Canada .From 1792 to 1833, the first constitution for the "Province of Quebec," the new name for the colony, was introduced by Royal Proclamation.
In Lower and Upper Canada, there would also be a legislative council appointed by the lieutenant-governor to pass laws.
Other changes
made by the English
Here are some other changes:
The church of England was
given one seventh of the new
lands found.
Now there will be a legislative assembly to pass laws in each Canada. The voters are only men who owned a property. Voters could choose their representatives at election. The representatives could only suggest laws but they couldn't pass the laws.
Landholders in Lower Canada could hold land under the seigneurial or the freehold system, while landholders in Upper Canada could only hold land under the freehold system.
Congrats for
finding this
Conclusion:
Lieutenant-governor
Voters (only men who owned a property)
chose
Legislative assembly:
suggest laws
Legislative council:
Pass laws
elects
The two Houses of Parliament
Comparison to Canada
(Church Support)
Architecture
Upper Canada
Upper Canada
Lower Canada
Upper Canada
Lower Canada
The first parliament buildings in Upper Canada are like a house made with wood and the roof have tiles. There is only one floor . It 's composed of two parts
connected
together.
The first house of parliament in Lower Canada.
We can see that it's a very big building made with stone and the roof was probably made of tiles. As you can see there are 3 floors and the two sides are
linked up.
Modern Day Canada Comparison
SimiIarities
Modern Day Canada
QUEBEC (1700)
had two Ministers, one for Upper Canada, and one for Lower Canada
we still have leaders for our country
Modern day Canada
Quebec (1700s)
the legal system of modern day Canada has Mayors, Premiers and a Prime Minister
Prime minister
and ministers (Federal government)
Provincial and territorial governments
municipal governments (cities,towns)
our country is still divided up into areas
had small villages/towns
has large cities and towns
Roman Catholics had to
(by-law) donate to their
local church

If they didn't they could be
put in jail

The only church that
got any support was the Roman Catholic Church
No one must donate to
their church by-law

You can't be imprisoned
for not donating to your
church

All churches are equal
and none are favored
more than another
Both have more
than one religion
for different
churches


Similarities
Comparison to Canada
(Government)
Similarities
Modern day Canada
The Governor appointed a council

The council passed laws and ran the government

There were no elections
The citizens of Canada appoint the council

Laws are passed by a Provincial Legislature or the House of Commons.

We have elections
Quebec (1700s)
Both pass laws

Both have a Governor

Differences in laws between Quebec and U.S. (1700s) , Differences in Church support between the U.S. and Quebec (1700s)
Comparison to Canada (Laws)

Modern day Canada
Quebec (1700s)
Property was governed by the Civil Law of France

The only way of leasing property was from the Crown, under the seigneurial system

People could live and work off the land, but could not make money by selling it
Each province governs
it's own property

Property is leased from
Canada

You can work and live
off your land and
profit from selling it
None, because
Quebec has a Civil
Law system and
Canada has the
Common Law

Similarities
An inside view of the
House of Commons.


Another Easter Egg
Full transcript