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Untitled Prezi

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Benito Gaytan

on 13 May 2016

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The Haitian slaves fought fiercely for their freedom
Independence on sight!
The French Revolution has transcended!
I was born a slave but nature gave me a soul of a free man
-Toussaint Louverture
Fed up with abuses!
Legislation's Epic Fail!
Development of the Revolution
Inspired
by events in France, a number of Haitian-born
revolutionary movements
emerged simultaneously. The General Assembly in Paris responded by enacting
legislation
which gave the various colonies some autonomy at the local level. The legislation, which called for “
all local proprietors
...to be active citizens,” was both ambiguous and radical. It was
interpreted
in Saint Dominigue as applying
only
to the
planter
class and thus
excluded petit blancs
from government. Yet
it allowed free

citizens of color
who were substantial
property owners
to participate. This legislation, promulgated in Paris to keep Saint Dominigue in the colonial empire, instead
generated a three-sided civil war
between the planters, free blacks and the petit blancs. However, all
three
groups would be
challenged
by the
enslaved
black
majority
which was also influenced and inspired by events in France.
Led by former slave
Toussaint l’Overture
, the enslaved would act first,
August 21, 1791
. By 1792 they controlled a third of the island. Before the fighting ended 100,000 of the 500,000
blacks
and 24,000 of the 40,000
whites
were killed. Nonetheless the former slaves managed to
stave off
both the
French
forces and the
British
who withdrew in 1798 after a series of defeats by l’Overture’s forces. By
1801
l’Overture expanded the revolution beyond Haiti,
conquering
the neighboring Spanish colony of
Santo Domingo
. He abolished slavery and
declared
himself
Governor
-
General
for life over the entire island of Hispaniola.

$0.50
Wednesday, January 3, 1804
Vol XCIII, No. 311
General overview
Haiti Gains Independence 1791-1804
Salve owners freak out in the U.S.!
Independence Achieved
The
Haitian Revolution
, was a successful
anti-slavery
and
anti-colonial
insurrection that took place in the former French colony of
Saint Domingue
that lasted from
August 21, 1791 until January 1, 1804
. It impacted the institution of slavery throughout the Americas.
The Haitian Revolution has often been described as the
largest
and
most successful slave rebellion
in the
Western Hemisphere
.
At that moment the Haitian Revolution had outlasted the French Revolution which had been its inspiration.
Napoleon Bonaparte
, now the ruler of France, dispatched
General Charles Leclerc
, his brother-in-law, and 43,000 French troops to
capture L’Overture
and restore both French rule and slavery. L’Overture was taken and sent to France where
he died
in prison in
1803
.
Jean-Jacques Dessalines
, one of l’Overture’s generals and himself a former slave, led the revolutionaries at the
Battle of Vertieres
on N
ovember 18, 1803
where the
French
forces were
defeated
. On
January 1, 1804
, Dessalines
declared
the nation
independent
and
renamed
it
Haiti
.
France

became the first nation to recognize its independence
. Haiti thus emerged as the first black republic in the world, and the second nation in the western hemisphere (after the United States) to win its independence from a European power. (The
U.S.

recognized
Haiti
Independence
until
1862
)
Saint Dominigue News
Full transcript