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Independence on sight!
The French Revolution has transcended!
I was born a slave but nature gave me a soul of a free man
Fed up with abuses!
Legislation's Epic Fail!
Development of the Revolution
by events in France, a number of Haitian-born
emerged simultaneously. The General Assembly in Paris responded by enacting
which gave the various colonies some autonomy at the local level. The legislation, which called for “
all local proprietors
...to be active citizens,” was both ambiguous and radical. It was
in Saint Dominigue as applying
class and thus
excluded petit blancs
from government. Yet
it allowed free
citizens of color
who were substantial
to participate. This legislation, promulgated in Paris to keep Saint Dominigue in the colonial empire, instead
generated a three-sided civil war
between the planters, free blacks and the petit blancs. However, all
groups would be
which was also influenced and inspired by events in France.
Led by former slave
, the enslaved would act first,
August 21, 1791
. By 1792 they controlled a third of the island. Before the fighting ended 100,000 of the 500,000
and 24,000 of the 40,000
were killed. Nonetheless the former slaves managed to
forces and the
who withdrew in 1798 after a series of defeats by l’Overture’s forces. By
l’Overture expanded the revolution beyond Haiti,
the neighboring Spanish colony of
. He abolished slavery and
for life over the entire island of Hispaniola.
Wednesday, January 3, 1804
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Haiti Gains Independence 1791-1804
Salve owners freak out in the U.S.!
, was a successful
insurrection that took place in the former French colony of
that lasted from
August 21, 1791 until January 1, 1804
. It impacted the institution of slavery throughout the Americas.
The Haitian Revolution has often been described as the
most successful slave rebellion
At that moment the Haitian Revolution had outlasted the French Revolution which had been its inspiration.
, now the ruler of France, dispatched
General Charles Leclerc
, his brother-in-law, and 43,000 French troops to
and restore both French rule and slavery. L’Overture was taken and sent to France where
in prison in
, one of l’Overture’s generals and himself a former slave, led the revolutionaries at the
Battle of Vertieres
ovember 18, 1803
January 1, 1804
became the first nation to recognize its independence
. Haiti thus emerged as the first black republic in the world, and the second nation in the western hemisphere (after the United States) to win its independence from a European power. (The
Saint Dominigue News