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Europe_Taylor Shipman and Carter Kohel
Transcript of Europe_Taylor Shipman and Carter Kohel
Republic of Ireland Georgia*
Vatican City Bosnia Herzegovina Ukraine
Finland Countries of Europe (50) Human Geography of Europe Infrastructure Most of the signs on the highways are blue.
Cars and bikes are driven on the left side of the road.
Skysrapers are less likely to be found due to the "old" or historic theme in these countries.
The oldest building in the world is in France. Tumulus of Bougon is a complex of tombs and dates back to 4700 BCE.
There are around 1,112 cathedrals in Europe.
Eurail is the european train system.
The busiest airport in Europe is located in London, UK and is the London Heathrow Airport with a total of over 69 million passengers (2011) Religion and Language Catholicism is the main religion practiced in Europe with 35%, Orthodoxy with 26.7%, no religion with 18%, Protestantism with 13.7%, Islam with 5.2%, and remaining religions with 1.4% of the population.
The european languages include the Indo-European language family further divided into the branches of Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, and Greek. The Uralic languges are almost present but are not the official languages. History and Traditions Social Activities and Entertainment Food and Clothing Steak is a common dish.
Spices, sauces, seasonings, or accompaniments are usually always in western cooking.
Popular foods include bread, pasta dumplings, pastries, and potatoes.
European dinners usually are smaller than their lunches and are later at night.
Famous designers such as Fendi, Dolce&Gabanna, and Louis Vuitton originated in Europe.
Three of the "big four" fashion capitals of the world are in Europe, London, Paris, and Milan Association Football's FIFA, international football, was formed in Paris, 1904 and declared to follow the rules of the FA.
Cricket began in early 16th century in south-eastern Britain.
Tennis originated in the UK and Table Tennis originates in France.
Golf originates in Scotland and the oldest golf course is in Musselburgh, the largest settlement in East Lothian, Scotland, with a population of 21,900 people.
It is popular in the summer to have concerts and outdoor performances on castle grounds.
Amy Winehouse, Adele, One Direction, Ellie Goulding, and The Beatles are some of the many famous European singers. Homo Georgicus lived in Georgia around 1.8 million years ago and were the first to be discovered in Europe.
El Castillo was a cave in Spain with the oldest known cave paintings and are over 40,800 years old.
The earliest sculpture in Europe was found in the shape of a woman around 35,000 years ago
While the Roman Empire weakened, the period known as the "Age of Migrations" or the "Dark Ages" where Europe began to be invaded and mirgrations began to take place.
By 1000 the economy had grown and routes began along the Mediterranean Sea and on land during the Middle Ages, England writes the Magna Carta and established a parliament. Roman Catholic Church was in charge of most schooling in Europe.
From 1315 to 1317, the Great Famine hit Europe and reduced the population of France by half.
The Age of Enlightenment began in the 18th century with scientific and higher-thinking discoveries. The Reign of Terror began when Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power and took much control.
During the 18th/19th centuries, WWI, WWII, and the Holocaust took place and killed many people. Over 40 million Europeans died after WWII.
The European flag is blue with 12 yellow stars. The blue represents the west and the starts represent unity.
"The Ode to Joy," the european anthem, became the anthem on January 19, 1972.
Europe day is celebrated on May 5 and May 9, one for the CoE and the other for the EU. Thank you for watching our presentation! Landforms Water Europe is mostly surrounded by water. The
Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea,
the Baltic Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea all border Europe. Europe also has rivers and lakes. It's longest river is the Volga and it is 3,690 km (2,290 mi) long. It's biggest lake is Lake Ladoga in Russia. It's average area is 17700 km squared. It is the 14th largest lake in the world. Europe's landscape is divided into four parts.
Running from north to south they are the Western Uplands, North European Plain, Central Uplands, and Alpine Mountains. The Western Uplands consists of . It is mostly made of very hard, very old rock. Many of it's landforms were formed by melting glaciers. The North European Plain consists of the southern United Kingdom east to Russia. It is a very large plain that holds many rivers and lies below 152 meters (500 feet) in elevation. The Central Uplands extend east-west across central Europe. They are much lower in altitude and are less rigid than the Alpine Mountains. They consist mostly of heavily dense forests. The Alpine Mountains include ranges in the Italian and Balkan peninsulas, northern Spain, and southern France. This region includes the mountains ranges of the Alps, Pyrenees, Apennines, Balkans, and Carpathians. Europe has many different types of
landforms. It's tallest mountain is
Mount Elbrus in the Caucus Mountains
of Russia and it is, with the highest of its twin
peaks at 5,642 meters (18,510 ft) above
sea level. Europe also includes active volcanoes, such as Mount Etna and Mount Vesuvius in Italy. Bardenas Reales in Navarre county in northern Spain, is the largest desert in Europe. Climate and Weather Human-Environmental Impact Europe is divided into two Eastern and Western regions based on climate. Each region experiences wet and dry seasons every year. Most areas of Europe receive anywhere between 500 to 1,500 mm (20 to 60 in.) of precipitation per year. Yearly temperatures in Europe average to around 17 degrees Celsius (or 62 degrees Fahrenheit). Human Physical Physical Vegetation Christmas Trees In Europe, aproximately 50 to 60 million Christmas trees are cut down a year to serve as decorations in houses. Most areas of Europe receive rainfall all year. Most of Western Europe is covered by forests. The largest vegetation zone in Europe, cutting across the middle of the continent from the Atlantic to the Ural Mountain Range in Russia, is a region mixed with deciduous and coniferous trees that are mostly oak and maple. Volkswagen Passat TDI This German car became 2012's eco-friendly car of the year and approximately uses 30/40MPG needing less gasoline, creating less pollution. Human Glass is the most recycled material with average of 100,000,000 tonnes of cullet (67.5% of all recycled material) a year. Glass Recycling Solid Waste In 2011 only 3.4% of waste was taken to the landfill, leaving the remainding 95.8% of waste to be recycled. Europe's Glaciers Water Forty percent of Europe's fresh water comes from glaciers, but rapid melting is causing the depletion of Europe's fresh water. Irish Potato Famine The Potato Famine of the mid 19th century caused one million Irish citizens to die and another million to immigrate. Rapanui Clothing soccer stadiums Fiat Gileppe Dam of Belgium Protestant Wind In 1588, Spain sent several armadas to invade England, but they were greatly disorganized and mostly destroyed by a storm. Bacon Production The drought is causing a shortage of wheat, thus causing a shortage of pigs, thus causing a shortage of bacon. Glacier Melting Affecting Tourism The Alps Mountain Range is a large tourist attraction that is melting more every year, thus attracting less tourism. The Zagreb Earthquake The Zagreb Earthquake of 1880 was an 8.0 on the Richter Scale and caused 1 death and 1,758 damaged buildings. Hurricane Katia In 2011, Hurricane Katia, a category 4, struck many countries and in Europe, it caused £100,000,000 ($157,000,000) worth of damage. Fiats are compact and require less space to drive. They are italian and are inexpensive, also with reduced fuel consumption. Europe has over 300 stadiums and over 38 under construction. Many animals loose their homes, but more grass is grown. Provides industrial and drinking water, and hydroelectricity. Sailboats are the only type of boat allowed to keep water less polluted. Brand's factories are powered by wind and solar energy. Materials used in their products are easily traced and rated eco-friendly. www.rapanuiclothing.com Bottled Water (table water) In Europe, 97% of bottled water is natural or spring water that is not treated and directly bottled at source. Golf Over 4,000 golf clubs in Europe. Trees are torn down for the green, but grass keeps the air with oxygen. European Windmills Over 40 percent of Europe's power comes from windmills and Europeans are building somewhere close to 20,000 windmills per year. Climate Change Affects Agriculture The climate of Europe is changing because of the many droughts, floods, and storms that are sweeping across the continent. The Polystovo-Lovatskaya swamp system is the largest swamp in all of Europe. Many areas of Europe are going through a process of desertification, which is when all the plant life in an area dies and the area becomes a desert because of droughts, climate change, and human interference. These changes are destroying many species of animal and plant life's natural habitat. The largest desert in Europe is the Icelandic Highlands. They are around 60,000 square kilometers which is around twice the size of Belgium. However, the largest desert in mainland Europe is the Bardenas Reales in Navarre county in northern Spain. Not many species can survive in the Icelandic Highlands or the Bardenas Reales because of the extreme temperatures and very little rainfall. Ecosystems/ Biomes For video, search "Europe's drought threatens global economy and food production.flv" on youtube about how Europe's economy is affected by the drought. 53 seconds to 1:56 Agriculture Changes Affecting Economy Many food and other plant prices are rising very high due to the scarcity of crops because of the drought.